Genocide in Africa. Setting the Stage in Rwanda. Long History of ethnic tension Hutus (majority) Tutsis (minority) Belgians arrive in early 1900s Began requiring ID cards Consider Tutsis superior. Resentment begins to grow 1959 : 20,000 Tutsis murdered, more fled to neighboring countries
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Setting the Stage in Rwanda • Long History of ethnic tension • Hutus (majority) • Tutsis (minority) • Belgians arrive in early 1900s • Began requiring ID cards • Consider Tutsis superior
Resentment begins to grow • 1959: 20,000 Tutsis murdered, more fled to neighboring countries • Rwanda gains independence in 1962 • Hutus take control • Tutsis become scapegoats
Genocide Begins • April 1994: Juvenal Habyarimana, • President, Hutu, losing popularity • Killed after plane shot down • Blamed on Tutsis • Genocide begins
Genocide in Darfur • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/video/flv/generic.html?s=frol02
Genocide in Darfur • Nomadic Arab (Janjaweed) • Non-Arab (SLM & JEM) • Fighting over resources • Between 2,000,000-4,000,000 killed • Another 2.5 million displaced