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Foldable Instructions. Do Now. Name one way another country influences our culture. Chapter 12 Transformations Around the Globe. Objectives. Explain China’s resistance to foreigners Describe rebellions that took place in China List reform effects in China

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do now
Do Now
  • Name one way another country influences our culture.
  • Explain China’s resistance to foreigners
  • Describe rebellions that took place in China
  • List reform effects in China
  • Trace the rise of Chinese Nationalism
china resist outside influence
China Resist Outside Influence
  • Western economic pressure forces China open to foreign trade and influence.
china and the west p 1 in foldable
China and the West – p. 1 in foldable
  • Rejecting Western Goods
    • In 1793, China rejects gifts brought by British ambassador
    • China is strong politically because it is largely self-sufficient
      • Agriculture, mining, manufacturing sectors highly productive
  • The Tea-Opium Connection
    • Guangzhou, southern port, is only one open to foreign trade
    • China has upper-hand… earns more from exports than imports
    • British Smuggle in Opium (late 1700s); many Chinese become addicted
opium war p 1
Opium War p. 1
  • In 1839, Opium War erupts – fight caused by British bringing in opium
  • Read letter from Lin Zexu Queen Victoria p. 372
  • China loses because Britain has a modern navy
  • Treaty of Nanjing (1842) gives British control of Hong Kong
  • 1844, other nations win “extraterritorial rights”
  • Some of the rights included foreigners being exempt from Chinese laws in trading ports
in your notes
In your notes…
  • Why did the British have to bring an addictive drug to sell as their product to the Chinese?
  • Answer in 3 sentences or more
  • Be prepared to share your answer with the class (if you’re talking I will call on you)
growing internal problems p 1
Growing Internal Problems p.1
  • Population problems
    • China’s population booms from 1790-1850
    • Crop yields do not grow as fast, producing widespread hunger… anger
  • Taiping Rebellion
    • Late 1830’s Hong Xiuquan recruits followers to build “new China”
    • Taiping Rebellion – name given to Hong’s movement – means “great peace”
    • 1850s Hong’s army grows large, captures large areas in southeast China
    • 1864, rebellion defeated by internal fighting/outside attack
in your notes1
In your notes…
  • Where did we see famine (a severe food shortage) occur in the last chapter?
  • Why did it occur?
  • Answer in 3 sentences or more
  • Be prepared to share your answer with the class (if you’re talking I will call on you)
foreign influence grows p 1
Foreign Influence Grows p.1
  • Resistance to change
    • Dowager Empress Cixi rules China most years from 1862-1908
    • Supports reforms aimed at education, government, and military
    • Otherwise is very traditional
other nations step in p 2
Other Nations Step In p.2
  • China suffers attacks from other nations; forced to grant more trading rights
  • Europeans and Japan gain “Spheres of Influence” – areas of economic control
  • U.S. declares “Open Door Policy” in 1899
    • U.S. fearful if China was colonized they would lose trade rights
    • Chinese open trade to all nations
in your notes2
In your notes…
  • What were the main reasons for the U.S. instituting the “Open Door Policy?”
    • Where they being nice?
    • Did they have other motives?
    • What where those motives?
  • Answer in 3 sentences or more
  • Be prepared to share your answer with the class (if you’re talking I will call on you)
in your foldable
In your foldable
  • On the map you traced on p.3 go back and shade in new areas of control for the British, French, Germans, U.S. and Japanese
chinese nationalism p 2
Chinese Nationalism p. 2
  • Growing Dissension
    • Many Chinese resent growing power of “outsiders”
    • 1898, Emperor Guangxu enacts reforms
    • Empress Cixi is restored to power… ends them
  • The Boxer Rebellion
    • Anti-government, anti-European peasants form a secret organization
    • 1900, launch the boxer rebellion – want reforms
    • Rebels sieze Beijing, foreign army defeats them
reform in china p 2
Reform in China p. 2
  • Cixi and other conservatives recognize necessity of reform
  • In 1905, she sends officials abroad to study other governments
  • 1906, Cixi begins making reforms but moves slowly
  • Unrest will continue for four more decades
in you notes
In you notes
  • Why were the “boxers” called boxers?
  • How was the rebellion defeated?
  • Answer in 3 sentences or more
  • Be prepared to share your answer with the class (if you’re talking I will call on you)
  • On the top of page 3 of your foldable copy the following chart
  • You will have 10 minutes to try to fill it in…
12 2 modernization in japan p 4
12.2 Modernization in Japan p. 4
  • Japan follows the model of Western powers by industrializing and expanding its foreign influence
japan ends its isolation p 4
Japan Ends Its Isolation p. 4
  • The Demand for Foreign Trade
    • Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) – Japan opens two ports to American ships
    • By 1860, Japan has trade agreements with many nations
  • Meiji Reform and Modernization
    • Anger over trade deals forces shogun to step down in 1867
    • Meiji Era – Time of reform begun by Meiji emperor, Mutsuhito
industrialization in japan p 4
Industrialization in Japan p. 4
  • By early 1900s, Japan has industrialized, is competitive with west
  • Industrialization = need for empire
    • Need factors of production
comparing p 6
Comparing p.6
  • In your notes on p. 6
  • Copy the chart that explains how China and Japan both Confronted the West (p. 377)
imperial japan p 4 5
Imperial Japan p. 4/5
  • Military
    • By 1890, Japan has strong navy and large army
    • 1894, Japan gets Western nations to give up special trading rights
  • Japan Attacks China
    • Japan forces Korea to open three ports to Japanese trade in 1876
    • 1885, Japan and China agree not to send troops into Korea
    • 1894, China sends troops to Korea to put down a rebellion
    • Japan drives Chinese out of Korea, gains Chinese territory
imperial japan p 4 51
Imperial Japan p.4/5
  • Russo-Japanese War
    • 1903, Japan and Russia begin struggle over Manchuria
    • Japan attacks Russia in 1904 – begins Russo-Japanese War
    • In 1905, treaty ends the war; Japan gains captured territories
    • Treaty brokered by US President Teddy Roosevelt
    • Wins Noble Peace Prize for negotiating agreement
what is a political cartoon
What is a political cartoon?
  • Satire - the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly,
  • Caricature - a portrait that exaggerates or distorts the essence of a person
  • Bias - a tendency or preference towards a particular perspective
in your notes p 4 5
In your notes… p.4/5

1.) What is the event or issue that inspired the cartoon?2.) Are there any real people in the cartoon? Who is portrayed in the cartoon?3.) Are there symbols in the cartoon? What are they and what do they represent?4.) What is the cartoonist's opinion about the topic portrayed in the cartoon?

do now1
  • In three sentences answer the following questions…
  • What factors led the Japanese to become and imperial power?
  • What territory was the Russo-Japanese War fought over?
  • Who won the Russo-Japanese War?
finish in your notes
finish in your notes

1.) What is the event or issue that inspired the cartoon?2.) Are there any real people in the cartoon? Who is portrayed in the cartoon?3.) Are there symbols in the cartoon? What are they and what do they represent?4.) What is the cartoonist's opinion about the topic portrayed in the cartoon?

japanese occupation of korea p 5
Japanese Occupation of Korea p.5
  • Japan makes Korea a protectorate in 1905
  • 1910, Japan completes annexation of Korea
  • Japan rules Korea harshly… leads growth in Korean nationalism
vocab activity p 5
Vocab Activity p.5
  • Define the following terms in your own words (you may use the book, your notes, or a dictionary)
  • Treaty of Kanagawa
  • Meiji Era
  • Russo-Japanese War
  • annexation
12 3 u s economic imperialism p 7
12.3 U.S. Economic Imperialism p.7
  • The United States places increasing economic and political pressure on Latin America during the 19th century.
latin america after independence p 7
Latin America After Independence p.7
  • Colonial Legacy
    • Political gains mean little to desperately poor Latin Americans
    • Peonage system keeps peasants in debt; landowners grow wealthy
  • Political Instability
    • Cuadillos – Military Dictators – gain and hold power
    • Mid 1800’s, cuadillos rule most LA countries
    • Reformers sometimes gain office – eventually forced out
    • Wealthy landowners support cuadillos; poor people have few rights
economies grow under foreign influence p 7
Economies Grow Under Foreign Influence p.7
  • Old Products and New Markets
    • Economies depend on exporting one or two products
    • Trains and refrigeration increase demand for LA foods
    • LA import manufactured goods; industrialization lags
  • Outside Investment and Interference
    • Few schools, roads, hospitals built
    • Government forced to borrow money from other countries
    • Loans not repaid; properties repossessed; foreign control grows
a latin american empire p 7
A Latin American Empire p.7
  • The Monroe Doctrine
    • Newly independent countries of the Americas are insecure
    • 1823, U.S. issues Monroe Doctrine
      • Europe cannot colonize Americas
a latin american empire p 71
A Latin American Empire p.7
  • Cuba Declares Independence
    • 1895, Jose Marti – Cuban writer – launches war for Cuban Independence
    • U.S. fights to help Cuba in 1898 = Spanish American War
    • 1901, Cuba nominally independent, U.S. has significant control
    • After war Spain gives U.S. Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
panama canal p 7
Panama Canal p.7
  • Connecting the Oceans
    • U.S. wants fast way from Atlantic to Pacific
    • President Roosevelt wants a canal
    • Columbia rejects Roosevelt's $10 million canal offer
    • 1903 Panama gains independence with U.S. help
    • Panama gives land to U.S. to build canal
    • U.S. builds canal
cause and effect
Cause and Effect

1. U.S. wants fast way from Atlantic to Pacific

2. President Roosevelt wants a canal

3. Columbia rejects Roosevelt's $10 million canal offer

4. 1903 Panama gains independence with U.S. help

5. Panama gives land to U.S. to build canal

6. U.S. builds canal









the roosevelt corollary
The Roosevelt Corollary
  • U.S. increases influence in LA
  • U.S. investment in Cuba/other countries
  • 1904, Roosevelt updates Monroe Doctrine
  • Roosevelt Corollary: U.S. can be police power in the Americas – speak softly but carry a big stick
  • U.S. uses Corollary to justify repeated interventions
draw your own political cartoon
Draw your own political cartoon
  • Draw your own political cartoon on page 9 about how the U.S. increased it’s economic power in Latin America.
do now2
  • What was the Monroe Doctrine?
12 4 turmoil and change in mexico
12.4 Turmoil and Change in Mexico
  • Political, economic, and social inequalities in Mexico trigger a period of revolution and reform.
santa anna and the mexican war
Santa Anna and the Mexican War
  • Early 1800’s, Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana dominates Mexican politics
  • Serves as president four times between 1833 and 1855
  • The Texas Revolt
    • 1820’s, Mexican officials encourage Americans to settle in Texas
    • Thousands of English-speaking “Anglos” settle in Texas
    • Want self-government = problems with Mexico
    • 1835, Texans revolt and win independence; Santa Ana loses power
santa ana and the mexican war
Santa Ana and the Mexican War
  • 1845, U.S. annexes Texas; Mexico is outraged
  • 1846, U.S. and Mexico go to war
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) – northern third of Mexico to U.S.
  • Santa Anna, who lost war, loses more power
juarez and la reforma
Juarez and La Reforma
  • A New Leader
    • Benito Juarez – liberal reformer who wanted to change Mexico
  • Juarez Rises to Power
    • Works as lawyer helping poor people; good reputation
what if
What if…
  • In your notes, answer the following question in 3 sentences…
  • How might the Mexican economy be different if it hadn’t lost all of the territory in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
juarez and la reforma1
Juarez and La Reforma
  • Juarez Works for Reform
    • Juarez’s La Reforma – movement to redistribute land and reform education
    • Exiled in 1853, but return
    • Conservative, wealthy Mexicans oppose reforms, launch rebellion
    • 1861, reformers win civil war and Juarez elected President
juarez and la reforma2
Juarez and La Reforma
  • The French Invade Mexico
    • Conservatives plot with Europeans to defeat Juarez and reform
    • 1862, French send army to Mexico and take control of country
    • Install Austrian Archduke Maximilian as emperor
    • Fighting goes on for 5 years – 1867, Maximilian is defeated
    • Juarez, president again, puts reforms in place
    • He dies in 1872, but country is a peaceful and making progress
do now3
  • Who was Maximilian?
porfirio diaz and order and progress
Porfirio Diaz and “Order and Progress”
  • Rise of Cuadillo
    • Porfirio Diaz – cuadillio who takes power in 1876
    • Diaz ends reforms and builds own power; eliminates opponents
    • Trades lands for political favors/support; elections meaningless
    • His tactics bring order to Mexico, freedoms reduces
    • Some economic progress, but rich gain wealth/poor suffer
revolution and civil war
Revolution and Civil War
  • Madero Begins the Revolution
    • Unrest over harsh rule of Diaz grows throughout Mexican society
    • Reformer Francisco Madero calls for armed revolt
    • “Pancho” Villa – popular revolutionary leader from the north of Mexico
    • Emiliano Zapata – revolutionary leader from southern Mexico
    • Villa, Zapata score important victories over Diaz’s army
    • Diaz forced to step down, calls for new elections in 1911
revolution and civil war1
Revolution and Civil War
  • Mexican Leaders Struggle for Power
    • 1911, Madero elected president; unrest continues
    • 1913, Madero resigns; General Victoriano Huerta becomes president
    • After 15 months of fighting, rebels win; Carranza becomes president
    • Civil War ends in 1919 with Zapata’s death
  • The New Mexican Constitution
    • Mexico’s new constitution: land reform, education, workers rights
    • Alvaro Obregon ousts Carranza in 1920, continues reforms
  • Place the following Mexican Leaders on a timeline. Include the year they took power and what major ideas they had.
    • Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana
    • Benito Juarez
    • Austrian Archduke Maximilian
    • Porfirio Diaz
    • Emiliano Zapata
    • General Victoriano Huerta
    • Alvaro Obregon
political cartoon assignment
Political Cartoon Assignment
  • Draw your own political cartoon depicting one of the following events (you must do two):
    • The Taiping rebellion
    • China’s “Open Door Policy”
    • The “Russo-Japanese War”
    • The U.S. acquisition of the Panama Canal
    • The Monroe Doctrine
    • The Roosevelt Corollary
    • The Mexican Revolution
  • Each cartoon must have a 30 word write up explaining the “symbolism” in your cartoon
  • They will be due on by the end of class today