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Promoting disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction Global Frameworks, Challenges & Promising Practices Neil McFarlane Chief, DRR Coordination UNISDR, Geneva 19 July 2013, United Nations, New York
Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2010-2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters Five Priority Areas: • Priority Action 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation. • Priority Action 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning. • Priority Action 3: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. • Priority Action 4: Reduce the underlying risk factors. • Priority Action 5: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.
The Challenges… Recent figures from the Great East Japan Earthquake for Miyagi prefecture suggest a general mortality rate of 0.8%. For persons with disabilities the mortality rate was 3.5%. (UNESCAP, 2012)
Recent DRR declarations and strategies including disability The Chair’s Summary of the 4th session of the Global Platform on DRR includes references to persons living with disabilities and inclusion (ISDR, May 23, 2013). The Yogyakarta Declaration of the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR includes references to disability and inclusion (ISDR, 2012). The Incheon Strategy to ‘Make the Right Real’ for Persons with Disabilities in the Asia-Pacific: Goal 7: Ensure disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction and management (UNESCAP, 2012). The Bali Declaration on the Enhancement of the Role and Participation of the Persons with Disabilities in the ASEAN Community: Article 16: Mainstream disability issues in disaster management policies and programmes at regional, national and community levels (ASEAN, 2011).
Countries are calling for… An increase in the visibility, participation and contribution of people with disabilities Less disproportionate impact for them in relation to disasters and their cross-cutting nature Usable, accessible and user-friendly resilient infrastructure Disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction investment
Promising Initiatives Indonesia Drafting of a national regulation on disaster risk reduction and disability Yogyakarta Provinces has a regulation on Rights and Protection of Persons with Disability includes specific need for the inclusion of persons with disabilities prior to, during and post disaster Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management Promotes a disability-inclusive approach in DRM trainings and strengthens working links between officials in planning and implementation with regional coordination from the Pacific Disability Forum.
Promising Initiatives Ecuador National guidance issued for the inclusion of persons with disabilities in situation of emergencies and disasters. Bangladesh Persons with disabilities are being supported to join village-level disaster management committees. Sweden Persons with disabilities are training government officials and volunteers on how to include persons with disabilities in emergency responses and risk reduction.