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National Reading Panel Dimension: Phonological Awareness (Emergent Literacy). Dr. Elaine Roberts. Developing Phonological Awareness. Hear rhymes Hear similarities Hear differences Hear alliteration Hear intonation Hear syllables. Hear Rhymes. Which words rhyme? Town, gown, luck.
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National Reading Panel Dimension: Phonological Awareness (Emergent Literacy) Dr. Elaine Roberts
Developing Phonological Awareness • Hear rhymes • Hear similarities • Hear differences • Hear alliteration • Hear intonation • Hear syllables
Hear Rhymes • Which words rhyme? Town, gown, luck
Hear Similarities • Which words are the same? Upstairs, downstairs, upstairs
Hear Differences • Which word is different? Lock, lock, door
Hear Alliteration • What is the same in each word? Wee Willie Winkie
Hear Intonations • What words sound different? Are all the children in their beds? It’s past eight o’clock!
Hear Syllables • How many word parts? Wee Willie Winkie clap clap clap clap clap
Phonemic Awareness (Subunit of phonological Awareness) • Ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the sounds in spoken words
Phonemic Awareness (PA) Tasks • Phoneme Isolation • Phoneme Identity • Phoneme Categorization • Phoneme blending • Phoneme segmentation • Phoneme deletion • Phoneme addition • Phoneme substitution
PA: Phoneme Isolation • Listen: What is the first sound in cat?
PA: Phoneme identification • Listen What sound is the same in cat, car, and come?
PA: PHoneme categorization • Listen What word does not belong? Cap, cat, mat
PA: Phoneme Blending • Listen What is this word? k/a/t
PA: Phoneme Segmentation • Listen How many sounds in mat? m/a/t
PA: Phoneme Deletion • Listen What is cat without /k/?
PA: Phoneme Addition • Listen What is the word if you add /r/ to the start of /at/?
PA: Phoneme substitution • Listen The word is hot. Change the /h/ in hat to /m/
2nd NRP Dimension: Explicit Systematic Phonics • Phonics is different than phonemic awareness • Some phonemic awareness is necessary to teach phonics • Phonics is the direct, sequential teaching of the relationship between the sounds of spoken language (sounds=phonemes) and the symbols of written language (alphabet, letters=graphemes)
Phonics Learning Sequence: Some components can be taught together • Phonological Awareness and Phonemic Awareness • Alphabetic Principal – Alphabet • Consonants • Short vowels, CVC, CCVCC (C=consonant, V=vowel) What words fit the patterns? • Long vowels, CVCe, CVVC, CCVCC What words fit the patterns? • Consonant blends and digraphs – ex. Consonant blends-black, green; consonant digraphs-shut,child • R controlled vowels – ex. Car • Vowel dipthongs (ex. toy), digraphs (ex. chair) • Multisyllabic words – words with more than 1 syllable
Pre-Kindergarten: Phonological Awareness and Phonemic Awareness • Begin to map sounds to letter • Hear beginning/common sounds • Attend to rhyme, rhythm and repetition in spoken language Which word starts like your name?
Kindergarten: Phonological Awareness, Phonemic Awareness, alphabet, and Phonics • Segment and count phonemes (subunits of sounds = c/a/t) in words • Blend phonemes and onset-rime/spelling patterns (onsets are initial consonants in syllables and spelling patterns are the vowel(s) and letters after it in a syllable= c/at) • Recognize and produce rhyming words • Recognize sounds as same or different Letter – sound correspondences- • Associate sounds to symbols (letters) Phonics - • Decode (pronounce) and spell CVC words
Websites • www.readwritethink.org • http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/ela/e_literacy/awareness.html