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Vaccination for Contagious Diseases. Livestock Handling and Vaccine Administration. Adapted from the FAD PReP /NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination for Contagious Diseases ( 2011). Handling and Restraint for Vaccination . Key Points of Handling . Safety is first consideration

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vaccination for contagious diseases

Vaccination for Contagious Diseases

Livestock Handling and Vaccine Administration

Adapted from the FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination for Contagious Diseases (2011)

handling and restraint for vaccination
Handling and Restraint for Vaccination

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

key points of handling
Key Points of Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Safety is first consideration

All restraint should be imposed by experienced handlers

Use behavioral principles to move and restrain animals

Always leave an escape route

general handling
General Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Flight Zone, Point of Balance, Blind Spot

equine handling
Equine Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Halters
    • Most common method
  • Equine Stocks
    • Different from cattle stocks, no head catch
    • Never enter the stocks with a horse
  • Twitch
    • Places pressure on a horse’s upper lip
cattle handling
Cattle Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Chutes
    • With or without headgates and metal arms
  • ‘Lock ups’
    • Dairy operations at the feed bunk
sheep handling
Sheep Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Approach slowly, calmly
  • ‘Tipping’ restraint
    • Set a sheep onto its rump
  • Cupping under jaw and behind head to restrain
  • Cupping under jaw and on dock of tail to move
  • Alleys and gates
goat handling
Goat Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Tall alleyways, fences

A chute with headgates

Halter

Fitting table or milking stand

swine handling
Swine Handling

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Often placed into a smaller pen
  • Young pigs may be held
  • Snare poles
  • Flags, plastic paddles or panels should be used as primary movement aids
  • Avoid overuse of electric prods
vaccine administration
Vaccine Administration

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

vaccine administration1
Vaccine Administration

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • For all species:
    • Use a new needle for each animal
    • Dispose of needles appropriately
    • Do not give multiple vaccinations in the same site on any animal
    • No more then 10 ml in any one site, and separate injection sites by 4 inches
    • Check to make sure needle has not punctured a blood vessel
equine
Equine

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Neck is the preferred injection site for subcutaneous injection

Administer intramuscular vaccines in the neck

May administer in muscles of the hindquarters

cattle
Cattle

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Subcutaneous or intramuscular injections
    • In triangular region of the neck
  • Do not inject the upper rump or upper butt
sheep
Sheep

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Subcutaneous injections in the loose skin of axillary region

Intramuscular injections given in the neck muscles

slide15
Goat

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Subcutaneous injections: axillary region

Intramuscular injections in large muscles along the side of the neck

swine
Swine

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Small pigs
    • Subcutaneous injections: loose flaps of flank skin or behind the elbow
  • Large pigs
    • Subcutaneous injections in the neck, just behind and below the ear
  • Intramuscular injections: in the neck just behind and below the ear
needle sizes
Needle Sizes

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Recommended needle sizes are based on:
    • Species
    • Age of the animal
    • Route of administration
    • Manufacturer recommendation
record keeping
Record Keeping

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

vaccination record
Vaccination Record

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Individual animal or group identification
    • Devices and number(s)
  • Owner’s name and mailing address
  • Signalment
    • Species, age, sex, breed
  • Vaccination date
vaccination record1
Vaccination Record

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • Vaccination route and location
  • Vaccine information
    • Brand or manufacturer
    • Product name or number
    • Lot number
    • Expiration date
  • Withdrawal date (for food-producing animals)
for more information
For More Information

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

  • FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines & SOP: Vaccination for Contagious Diseases (2011)
    • http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_management/
  • Vaccination for Contagious Diseases web-base training module
    • http://naherc.sws.iastate.edu/
guidelines content
Guidelines Content

FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Vaccination of Contagious Disease - Administration

Authors (CFSPH)

Jim Roth, DVM, PhD, DACVM

Amber Stumbaugh, MS

Anna Rovid-Spickler, DVM, PhD

DanelleBickett-Weddle, DVM, MPH, PhD, DACVPM

Reviewers (USDA)

Patricia Foley, DVM, PhD

R. Alex Thompson, DVM, PhD

acknowledgments

Acknowledgments

Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from the USDA APHIS Veterinary Services

PPT Author: Patricia Futoma, Veterinary Student, Iowa State University

Reviewers: Cheryl L. Eia, JD, DVM, MPH; Janice Mogan, DVM