Latin America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Latin America

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Latin America Decolonization takes place primarily for economic & cultural reasons, as nations sought self-sufficiency & control

  2. Search for Stability in Latin America • Cubans and Puerto Ricans are Isolated • Sphere of Influence and Economic Imperialism by U.S.A. • Resentment increases in Central and South America • US intervention with Panamanian Independence • Brazil & Argentina turn to: • Authoritarianism • Nationalized Industries

  3. Mexican Turmoil • Mexican Revolution – 1910 • Mexico ruled by a dictator (Diaz) • Corrupt • Allowed foreign influence • Economic inequality • The last straw is World War I • Limited access to European goods • Forced to rely on themselves  INDUSTRIALIZE

  4. Rebellion • Francisco Madero – ran against Diaz in 1910 • Wanted moderate democratic political reforms • Arrested & spurs a revolt • Pancho Villa – leads a rebellion in north • Emiliano Zapata – leads a rebellion in the south • His goal = give land back to peasants (land redistribution) • Diaz is driven from power in 1913but revolution continues • By 1920 Mexico began to settle down

  5. Zapata

  6. Villa

  7. Cultural & Political Changes • Mexican Constitution of 1917 • Land reform, nationalized resources (esp. oil), workers rights, education reform • Nationalism & Indigenism • Attempt to reconnect w/ Native past • Reflected in art • Diego Rivera

  8. Latin America and the US following WWI • U.S. became a world power politically and economically • Creates problems for Latin America? • Why? • U.S. intervention in Mexico (limited) • Desire for order • Fear of German influence on Mexico • Zimmerman Note