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CO NFERENCE “BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN CHILE AND LATIN AMERICA FOR CHINESE INVESTORS AND MINING SUPPLIERS”. 中国供应商在智利及拉美的矿业商机会议. MINING IN LATIN AMERICA AND CHILE: INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES. 拉丁美洲和智利矿产业 : 投资和商机. 1. 拉丁美洲矿产业 主要数据 勘探预算 金属和 矿 物 生 产 矿产资源 投资和项目. 2. 智利矿产业 生产

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slide1

CONFERENCE “BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN CHILE AND LATIN AMERICA FOR CHINESE INVESTORS AND MINING SUPPLIERS”

中国供应商在智利及拉美的矿业商机会议

MINING IN LATIN AMERICA AND CHILE:

INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

拉丁美洲和智利矿产业:

投资和商机

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1. 拉丁美洲矿产业

  • 主要数据
  • 勘探预算
  • 金属和矿物生产
  • 矿产资源
  • 投资和项目
  • 2. 智利矿产业
  • 生产
  • 投资和运营支出
  • 商业和投资机遇
  • 重要提示

ITEMS

  • 1. Mining in LatinAmerica
  • General Data
  • ExplorationBudget
  • Production of Metals and Minerals
  • Mineral Reserves
  • Investment and Projects
  • 2. Mining in Chile
  • Production
  • Investment and OperationalExpenditures
  • Business and InvestmentOpportunities
  • ProcurementProcess
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1. 拉丁美洲矿产业

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

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1.1 主要数据

  • 国家:20个
  • 人口总数:5.76亿
  • 人均GDP:4,909美元(2008年)
  • 2010年GDP增长率:4.2%
  • 2011年GDP预期增长率:4.7% (通过改善劳动环境和增加信贷来促进内需)
  • 来源:《20090-2010年度拉丁美洲和加勒比地区经济调查报告》,拉丁美洲和加勒比经济委员会,2010年7月,www.eclac.org
  • 《2009年拉丁美洲和加勒比海地区统计年鉴》,2010年1月

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

  • 1.1 General data
  • Countries: 20
  • Population: 576 million
  • Per capita GDP: US$ 4,909 (2008)
  • GDP 2010: 4.2%
  • Expectedgrowthfor 2011: 4.7% (robust domestic demand, which is supported by improved labor conditions and increased credit)
  • Source:
  • Report “Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2009-2010”, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), July 2010, www.eclac.org
  • Statistical yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean, 2009, January 2010
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1.2 勘探

2010年,全球有色金属勘探预算达到了115亿美元,勘探企业超过2200家。拉丁美洲的五个国家——秘鲁、墨西哥、智利、巴西、阿根廷和哥伦比亚的勘探预算占拉美总预算的90%,其中,勘探的主要对象为金矿和铜矿。

  世界主要矿产勘探对象包括:拉丁美洲(25%)、加拿大(19%)、非洲(14%)、澳大利亚(13%)、美国(8%)、亚太地区(6%)、亚洲其他地区(6%)、前苏联(5%)以及欧洲和其他地区(4%)。

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

Maindestinationsforminingexplorationworldwide

Worldwide Nonferrous Exploration Budgets in 2010 rose to US$11.5 billion (more than 2,200 exploration companies)

1.2 Exploration

5 countries (Peru, Mexico, Chile, Brazil, Argentina and Colombia) accountfor 90% of total regional expenditures, mainlygold and copper.

Source: Metals Economics Group

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1.3 生产

  拉丁美洲出产的金属和矿产在世界矿产业中占有极为重要的地位,包括锂(占全球产量14%)、金(15%)、镍(15%)、铁矿石(17%)、锌(23%)、铝土矿(23%)、锡(25%)、钼(25%)、铜(45%)、锂(47%)、银(48%)、硼(49%)、碘(62%)、硝酸盐(100%)

  秘鲁、智利、巴西和墨西哥是拉丁美洲最重要的金属和矿产出产国,其中,智利是拉美唯一生产碘和硝酸盐的国家。

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

Major mineral and metal supliers to theWorldIndustry

(% World output – 2010)

1.3 Production

  • Peru, Chile, Brazil and México rank at the top places as metal and mineral producers of LatinAmerica
  • Chile accountsfor total output of nitrates and iodine in theregion.

Source: AL Prospecta using data from USGS 2011

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1.3 矿产资源:矿产业巨大潜力

  拉丁美洲蕴藏的矿产资源占世界矿产总量的比重很高,其中重要的资源包括:钼(占全球的17%)、铅(17%)、锌(20%)、硼(20%)、金(20%)、镍(23%)、铁矿石(24%)、铝土矿(26%)、锡(33%)、铜(44%)、银(51%)、碘(60%)、锂(65%)。

  就铜矿来说,智利拥有世界最大的铜储量,达到32%,其余的国家和地区分别为亚洲(15%)、欧洲(10%)、北美(9%)、秘鲁(6%)、其他拉美国家(6%)、大洋洲(5%)和非洲(4%)。

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

% of Copper Reserves Worldwide

% of World reserves – 2010

1.4 Mineral reserves:

greatminingpotential

LatinAmericawillcontinuesupplyingminerals and metals to theworld

Fuente: AL Prospecta using data from USGS 2011, Copper reserves from MEG 2011

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1.3 投资和项目

  目前,拉丁美洲将吸引2,000亿美元的投资,对象国主要集中在巴西、智利、秘鲁、墨西哥、哥伦比亚和阿根廷。

正在进行的350个项目中,20%处在建设状态,14%处在可行性研究状态,另有66%处在前期勘探状态。其中154个项目涉及铜矿领域,101个项目涉及金矿,35个项目涉及铀矿,18个项目涉及镍钴矿、16个项目涉及多金属矿(锌 - 铅 - 铜 - 银 - 金 - 钴等)、7个项目涉及稀土矿,另有20个项目涉及其他矿产领域。

来源:智利铜业与采矿业研究中心、路透社、 智利国有铜业委员会

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

1.5 Investment and Projects (1/2)

Over US$ 200 billion of new investment in Latin American countries, mainly in Brazil, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina.

  • +350 initiatives in progress:
  • 20% at thedevelopmentstage: construction and feasibility
  • 14% at the pre-feasibilitystageorsearchingfortechnologies
  • 66% at theexplorationstage

Distribution of projects bymetals

(350 initiatives in LatinAmerica)

Source: AL Prospecta (estimation) using data from mining companies

(*) polimetalicincludesvariousmetals, such as Zn-Pb-Cu-Ag-Au-Co

Fuente: CESCO, Reuters, Cochilco

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1.3 投资和项目

  目前,拉美范围内已确定的重要矿产项目以及开采金属和矿物。其中,红色字体部分有中国企业的参加。  

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

  • Carbón and nickel
  • Corriente (Cu)
  • Antaminaexp (Cu-Zn)
  • Las Bambas (Cu-Mo-Au)
  • Pampa del Pongo (Fe)
  • Quellaveco (Cu-Mo)
  • Minas Conga (Au-Cu)
  • Tambogrande (polimetallic)
  • Alto Chicama (Au-Ag-Cu)
  • San Gregorio (Zn-Pb-Ag)
  • Vayovar (Phosphates)
  • La Granja (Cu)
  • Las Chancas (Cu-Mo-Au)
  • Tía María (Cu

1.5 Investment and Projects (2/2)

  • El Galeno (Cu-Mo-Au)
  • Mina Justa (Cu)
  • Toromocho (Cu-Mo-Ag-Zn)
  • Pampa del Pongo (Fe)
  • Marconaexp. (Fe)
  • Río Blanco (Cu)
  • Prospect Pampa del Pongo (Fe)
  • Sierra Gorda (Cu-Mo)
  • Cacerones (Cu-Mo)
  • Cerro Casale (Au-Ag)
  • Esperanza (Cu)
  • Escondida Fase V (Cu)
  • Los Pelambres exp. (Cu-Mo)
  • El Morro (Cu-Mo)
  • Collahuasiexp.(Cu)
  • Q. Blanca hipógeno (Cu)
  • Paredones Amarillos (Au)
  • El Boleo (Cu, Co, Zn)
  • El Arco (Cu-Au)
  • Mercedes (Au)
  • Crestón Mascota (Au)
  • El Saucito (Au y Ag)
  • ProspectBahuerachi (Cu, Mo, Au, Ag)
  • Prospect Las Andres (Au-Ag)
  • Andina exp. (Cu-Mo)
  • Los Bronces exp. (Cu-Mo)
  • Mina Min Hales (Cu-Mo-Ag)
  • El Teniente NNM (Cu-Mo)
  • Chuqui Subterránea (Cu-Mo)
  • Los Colorados exp. (Fe)
  • Hierro Atacama II (Fe)
  • Pascua-Lama (Au-Ag)
  • SeveralProspects (Fe and Cu)

Fuente: AL Prospecta using data from mining companies

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1.3 投资和项目

  目前,拉美范围内已确定的重要矿产项目以及开采金属和矿物。其中,红色字体部分有中国企业的参加。  

1. Mining in LatinAmerica

  • Onca Puma (Ni)
  • Barro Alto (Ni)
  • Montes Claros (Ni)
  • Niquel do Vermelho (Ni)
  • Jacaré (Ni-Co)
  • Maracás (V)
  • Carajás (Fe)
  • Paragominas III exp. (Al)
  • Salobo (Cu)
  • Alemao (Cu-Ag-Au)
  • Caetitéexp. (U)
  • Cristalino (Cu-Au)
  • Minas Rio (Fe)
  • Exploration bauxite (Jamaica)
  • Ferroníquel (Cuba)
  • Las Cristinas (Au)

1.5 Investment and Projects (2/2)

  • Steel Mill (Fe)
  • Itaminas ( 3 Mt/a Fe)
  • Minas Gerais (Fe)
  • MMX Sudeste (Fe)
  • Río Colorado (KCl)) - Agua Rica (Au-Cu-Mo)
  • El Pachón (Cu) - Cerro Negro (Ag-Au)
  • Lindero (Au) - San Jorge (Cu-Au)
  • Exploitation Fe (Sierra Grande)
  • Exploration Au (La Rioja)

(*) In Red: Chinese initiatives

Fuente: AL Prospecta using data from mining companies

slide11

2. 智利矿产业

2. Mining in Chile

slide12

  目前,智利是世界最大的铜矿生产国和重要的钼、稀土、银、金、和硝酸盐、锂、碘等工业矿物出产国。  目前,智利是世界最大的铜矿生产国和重要的钼、稀土、银、金、和硝酸盐、锂、碘等工业矿物出产国。

2010年,智利天然硝酸盐的产量占全球产量的100%;碘占全球产量62%,位居第一;铼占全球产量50%,位居第一;锂占全球产量35%,位居第一;铜占全球产量34%,位居第一;硼占全球产量19%,位列第二;钼占全球产量17%,位列第三;银占全球产量6.8%,位列第五金占全球产量1.6%,位列十四;铁矿石占全球产量0.4%,位列十六。  

2. Mining in Chile

(º) World Ranking

Today, Chile isthelargestworldcopperproducer and animportantworldsupplier of Mo, Re, Ag, Au, and industrial minerals, likenitrate, lithium and iodine, amongothers.

14º

16º

Source: Ministry of Mining and Chilean Copper Commission, USGS for World Ranking Position

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2.2 投资和支出

2000年到2010年间,智利矿产业的投资以每年14%的速度增长,2010年达到了200亿美元。这一数字占全球矿产业预算的5%,位列第六。其中,重要的项目集中在铜钼矿、金银矿和铁矿。

  预计2011年到2018年,智利矿产业的项目投资将超过500亿美元,其中400亿美元将用于20个铜矿项目,90亿美元将用于金银矿项目,30亿美元将用于其他矿产项目的投资。

2. Mining in Chile

  • 14% annualgrowth 2000 – 2010
  • 5% of Total Worldbudget and 6º Ranking.
  • Main targets: Cu-Mo, Au-Ag, Fe
  • 3 greenfields and 4 expansions

Period

2011 - 2018

2.2 Investment and Expenditures

2010: US$ +20 billion

ProjectsInvestment: > US$ 50 billion

+US$ 40 billion in 20 copperprojects (7 greenfield)

+US$ 9 billion in gold-silverprojects (4 greenfield)

+US$ 3 billion in otherminerals: nitrates, Lithium, Iodine, iron ore, coal, etc.

  • 13% annualgrowth 2000 - 2010
  • +US$ 12 billion in operationalcosts

Source: AL Prospecta analysis with data from Ministry of Mining, Chilean Copper Commission, Mining Council and Corfo

slide14

2.3 运营支出

2007年到2009年,智利矿产业的平均运营支出为120亿美元,主要支出项目包括浮选、冶炼和湿法冶金工厂;爆破、轮胎和电线等;通讯、电力和电子产品;生产和组装工厂投资;传输设备、研磨球钢铁产品和耐火砖;工程服务和EPC / EPCM合同、地下和露天采矿、矿物加工、浸出、 萃取-电积厂、电力、海水淡化等;租赁、清洁、食品、交通和维护服务等;地热、太阳能和风力发电投资以及在勘探、采矿、冶金、金属回收和清洁工艺方面进行技术结盟。

2. Mining in Chile

Flotation, Smelting, hydrometalurgicalplants

Blasting, tyres, electrical cables, etc.

IT, electrical and electronicproducts

Also, technologicalalliances in exploration, mining, metallurgy, metal recycling and cleanprocesses

2.3 Operational costs: US$ +12 billion (average 2007-2009)

Investment in production and assemblyplants

Investment in thermal, solar and eolicpowerplants

Conveyorbelts, Grindingballs and steelproducts, refractorybricks, etc.

  • Engineeringservices and EPC/EPCM contracts
  • Underground and open pitmining
  • Mineral processing, Leachig, SX- EW plants
  • Power, desalation, etc.

Rental, Cleaning, Food, Transportation, Maintenanceservices, etc.

slide15

2.3 重要提示

  拉丁美洲和智利是中国矿业投资者和供货商最大的市场。中国企业需要对当地的法律法规和市场规则有清晰的认识,才能保证投资的成功。

  这些规则包括:生产标准、售后服务、投标流程、专业技能和物流等方面。

  中国企业需要与当地的企业、代理商或顾问公司进行合作,才能保证投资的成功。

2. Mining in Chile

  • LatinAmerica and Chile is a largeminingmarketforChineseinvestors and suppliers.
  • Companiesneedtounderstandthe local practicestomakesuccessfulbusinesses.
  • ThesepracticesincludesdifferenceswithChinesebusinessculture, such as:
    • Productionstandards
    • After sales service
    • Biddingprocesses
    • Professional skills
    • Logistics
  • It’s of greatimportancetocountwith local support, such as a local office, representatives, alliances, consultingpartners, etc.

2.4 Procurement process

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中国供应商在智利及拉美的矿业商机会议

CONFERENCE “BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN CHILE AND LATIN AMERICA FOR CHINESE INVESTORS AND MINING SUPPLIERS”

中国供应商在智利及拉美的矿业商机会议

MINING IN LATIN AMERICA AND CHILE:

INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

拉丁美洲和智利矿产业:

投资和商机