verball inclusive physical activity for tweens
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verbALL : Inclusive Physical Activity for Tweens. Midwest Symposium on Therapeutic Recreation and Adapted Physical Activity April 22, 2007. Presenters: Illinois State University. Sandra Klitzing Brooke Fanning Michelle Mohler Jamie Petteys. Overview. National Health Agenda

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verball inclusive physical activity for tweens

verbALL: Inclusive Physical Activity for Tweens

Midwest Symposium on Therapeutic Recreation and Adapted Physical Activity

April 22, 2007

presenters illinois state university
Presenters:Illinois State University
  • Sandra Klitzing
  • Brooke Fanning
  • Michelle Mohler
  • Jamie Petteys
  • National Health Agenda
  • Health Statistics
  • Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • Verb
  • Design verbALL activities
  • Closing
    • Play Every Day
national health agenda
National Health Agenda
  • U.S. Public Health Service focus was on national health
  • 1979: Healthy People: The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
    • Goal = make US nation of healthy people by 1990
national health agenda5
National Health Agenda
  • 1990: Healthy People 2000
    • Strategy to increase health by end of century
    • Did not have a chapter specifically establishing health objectives for people with disabilities
    • Some objectives in the document did target people with disabilities
    • A review showed none of these objectives were met
national health agenda6
National Health Agenda
  • 2000: Healthy People 2010
    • Although limited data, discrepancies between people with and without disabilities noted
      • Excess weight
      • Reduced physical activity
      • Increased stress
    • Changing models increased awareness that people with disabilities can be healthy
national health agenda7
National Health Agenda
  • Healthy People 2010
    • Goal: Promote the health of people with disabilities, prevent secondary conditions, and eliminate disparities between people with and without disabilities in the U.S. population.
national health agenda8
National Health Agenda
  • Healthy People 2010
    • Specific chapter that focuses on disability and secondary conditions
      • Reduce proportion of youth with disabilities who are reportedly sad, unhappy, or depressed
      • Reduce proportion of adults with disabilities who report feelings, such as sadness, unhappiness, or depression, that prevent them from being active
national health agenda9
National Health Agenda
  • Healthy People 2010
    • Also collect data from other chapters/focus areas
      • Increase healthy weight in adults
      • Decrease overweight or obesity in children & adolescents
      • Increase adolescents & adults who engage in regular physical activity
why is a national agenda needed why include people with disabilities in the national agenda
Why is a national agenda needed? Why include people with disabilities in the national agenda?
  • 54 million people in US with disabilities (1/5)
    • 7.8% of youth under 15 years have a disability
          • Surgeon General Report
adult health statistics
Adult Health Statistics
  • Obesity
    • 34% adults with disabilities
    • 21% adults without disabilities
          • National Center on Birth Defects & Developmental Disabilities, 2006
    • 75% of female adults with developmental disabilities are obese
          • NCPAD
adult health statistics12
Adult Health Statistics
  • No leisure time physical activity
    • 53% adults with disabilities
    • 34% adults without disabilities
          • CDC, 2005
    • 25% of adults with disabilities did not engage in physical activity in past 30 days
          • Inclusive Fitness Coalition
    • Most leisure of adults with developmental disabilities consists of sedentary activities like watching TV or listening to radio
          • NCPAD
adult health statistics13
Adult Health Statistics
  • Adults with disabilities have higher incidences of obesity & lower physical activity rates, yet are at risk for same chronic conditions as adults who do not have disabilities
  • Fitness behaviors learned in childhood often impact adult fitness involvement
youth health statistics
Youth Health Statistics
  • Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history
  • This is caused in part by reduced school PE programs
  • Overweight (in general)
    • 30% (6-11 yrs.) = overweight
    • 30% (12-19 yrs.) = overweight
    • Strong predictor of being overweight as adult
          • American Obesity Association
youth health statistics15
Youth Health Statistics
  • Overweight in youth connected with
    • Asthma
    • Diabetes (type 2)
    • Hypertension
    • Sleep apnea
          • American Obesity Association
youth health statistics16
Youth Health Statistics
  • 75% of children with physical disabilities in US do not participate in PE or community physical activity programs
          • Paralympic Academy
  • Youth with disabilities may be in adapted PE classes, but classes are brief and rarely teach skills
  • If in inclusive PE, they often sit on the sidelines and are not actively engaged
          • NCPAD
youth health statistics17
Youth Health Statistics
  • Only activity children with physical disabilities outscore peers without disabilities is watching TV more than 4 hours/day
      • 39% vs. 13%
  • Fitness levels of children with developmental disabilities are poor
          • NCPAD
youth health statistics18
Youth Health Statistics
  • Physical activity recommendations for youth age 5-12:
    • 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily that is developmentally appropriate, enjoyable, and involves a variety of activities
          • Strong et al., 2005
programs for youth with disabilities
Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • Teens in NC identified keys to a healthy lifestyle
      • Physical activity
      • Exercise
      • Social activities
  • They also identified barriers to a healthy lifestyle
      • Sedentary lifestyle
      • Limited opportunities for physical activity
      • Inaccessible facilities/environments
programs for youth with disabilities20
Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • Perceived needs for a healthy lifestyle
      • Inclusive social & recreational opportunities
      • Wanted community-based programs
          • Youth with Disabilities in NC, 2000
  • Not just inclusive as an after thought, but universally accessible
programs for youth with disabilities21
Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • Programs for youth, not specifically mention youth with disabilities
    • Kids Walk-to-School
    • National Trail Day
    • Camp Fusion
programs for youth with disabilities22
Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • Programs specifically for youth with disabilities
    • BlazeSports
    • Special Olympics
programs for youth with disabilities23
Programs for Youth with Disabilities
  • I Can Do It, You Can Do It
    • Nationwide program to support physical activity for children & youth with disabilities
      • U.S. Dept of Health & Human Services
      • Launched 5/2004
      • Ends 5/2007
    • Partner organizations will bring together physical fitness mentors with youth who have disabilities
what do these programs have in common
What do these programs have in common?
  • Traditional sport or exercise programs
  • Social marketing campaign
    • Coordinated by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Encouraged tweens (age 9-13) to be physically active
    • Designed to be multicultural
    • Make physical activity cool & fun
  • Used paid advertising, school and community promotions and Internet
  • 5 year strategic program
    • $335 million
    • After 1 yr. 74% of tweens knew about VERB & increased physical activity
    • Only physical activity program ever found effective
    • Tweens with disabilities almost absent
    • Ended in 9/2006
    • Can still get some materials from NRPA Step Up to Health training
key components of verb
Key Components of VERB
  • VERB is about….
    • Being a kid
    • Having fun & being with friends
    • Exploring & discovering
      • Find new VERBs
      • Find your own VERBs
    • Encouraging trial & praise
  • Is not about abstract constructs like fighting obesity, preventing long-term chronic disease prevention, or even exercise
key components of verb29
Key Components of VERB
  • Messages that appeal to all youth
    • High & low activity levels
    • Multicultural
    • (With & without disabilities)
  • Keep active without keeping score
    • No loser activities
    • Competition against self
  • Use incentives for reaching goals
    • Fun contests
    • Activity recorders
verb programs
VERB Programs
  • Special Events
    • Longest Day of Play (Play All Day)
    • Extra Hour for Extra Action Day
    • Family Skate Night
    • Activity Zone Festival
    • Cultural Festivals
  • Contests
    • Make Every Move Count (Pedometers)
    • Move It to Groove It
    • Treasure Hunt (look for VERBS in community)
    • Break Guinness World Record
verb programs31
VERB Programs
  • Field trips to places where tweens can be active
  • Map making activity
    • Map of free/inexpensive physical activity locations
    • Field trip to these locations
  • Celebrities/college athletes
verb programs32
VERB Yellowball

Leader design

You’re It Card

Kids design game for day

Blog how play with the Yellowball

VERB Make It Up

Leader design

Hip-hop scotch

Sponge tag

Kids design game

VERB Programs
verb programs33
VERB Crossover

Combine basketball with any other sport or activity

Basketball + Hoop = Hoop It Up

Brackets and vote on favorite activities

VERB Play Without Borders

Learn games that are played around the world

VERB Programs
verb programs34
VERB Appreciation Day

Put spotlight on a new activity

Bike-a-thon Day

Volleyball Day

Hip Hop Dance Day

Karate Day

Scorecard Campaign

Scorecard with 24 squares

Each square = 1 hr.

Community partners offer free activities

Grand finale party with prizes

VERB Programs
verb programs35
VERB Programs
  • VERB Anytime Doubletime
    • Take 2 VERBs, make 1 game
      • HotVolley
      • BirdieBall
      • DanceTag
      • Remember should be verbALL
  • Very important to get tweens with disabilities active
  • Remember concepts of VERB when designing verbALL activities or programs
    • Especially fun & friends
  • Questions/answers
brand new initiative play every day
Brand New Initiative:Play Every Day
  • Partnership between YMCA of USA, National Assoc. of Sport & Physical Education, NRPA
  • Ensure youth has at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day
  • Play Every Day Act, 2/15/07
    • Sen. Harkin & Sen. Clinton
  • Healthy People 2010

  • National Center on Physical Activity and Disability (NCPAD)

  • I Can Do It, You Can Do It

  • The President’s Challenge

  • VERB

  • Play Every Day

for copies of presentation
For copies of presentation: