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Spectral Properties of Supermembrane and Multibrane Theories. A. Restuccia Simon Bolivar University, Caracas,Venezuela. In collaboration with, L. Boulton (Heriot-Watt U.), M.P. Garcia del Moral (Oviedo U. Spain), I. Martin (Simon Bolivar U). PLAN OF THE TALK. Motivation

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Spectral properties of supermembrane and multibrane theories
Spectral Properties of Supermembraneand Multibrane Theories

A. Restuccia

Simon Bolivar University, Caracas,Venezuela

In collaboration with,

L. Boulton (Heriot-Watt U.),

M.P. Garcia del Moral (Oviedo U. Spain),

I. Martin (Simon Bolivar U)

Plan of the talk

  • Motivation

    • State of Art

  • Bosonic Analysis.

    • Molchanov Mean Value.

    • New Results:

      • The M2 analysis.

      • Relation to Initial Value Problem.

      • Multibrane Spectra.

  • Supersymmetric Analysis

    • M2 with topological constraints spectrum,

    • ABJM, BLG spectrum

    • D2-D0 matrix model.

  • D=11 Supergravity from M-Theory: The Zero Eigenvalue Problem.

  • Conclusions

M otivation

  • OPEN PROBLEM: Nonperturbative quantization of StringTheory

  • General Goal: Nonperturbative analysis of M-theory.

    • In Particular: 1-Spectral analysis of M2, M5,p-branes, and multibrane theories

    • 2-Stability properties of these theories.

  • Strategy:

    In distinction with field approximation or ADS/CFT correspondence, we will follow a complementary approach:

    • Operatorial analysis of matrix models of those theories.

State of art
State of Art

  • 11D Supermembrane was found to have continuous spectrum (De Wit, Luscher , Nicolai (88))

    • No analogous to string quantization for the M2-brane.

    • M2-brane was reinterpreted as a macroscopic object (i.e. interacting theory in terms of fundamental d.o.f carried by D0’s) BFSS-conjecture.

    • No direct way to obtain M-theory formulation (96 Townsend, Witten) or nonperturbative complection of string theory.

  • Very Succesful Avenues to deal with strongly coupled gauge theories in a decoupling limit of gravity- AdS/CFT. (Maldacena (00))

  • 11D Supermembrane with a topological condition has supersymmetric discrete spectrum and then allows for nonperturbative quantization. (Boulton, Garcia del Moral, Restuccia NPB03)

  • Molchanov s mean value
    Molchanov’s Mean Value

    Q: Is there a precise condition on the potential for the discreteness of spectrum of bosonic matrix models ? Barry Simon (83) and Lusher (87) gave different proofs on the discreteness of the bosonic M2 using theorems of sufficient conditions on the hamiltonian.

    A Necessary and Sufficient Condition

    Molchanov s mean value membranes
    Molchanov’s mean value: Membranes

    An exact condition for discreteness of bosonic membranes:

    M.P.Garcia Moral, L. Navarro, A. J. Perez, A. Restuccia. Nucl. Phys.B 2007

    Local well posedness
    Local Well Posedness

    Q: Is there a relation between the discreteness condition and the initial value problem?


    Allen , Andersson & Restuccia, Comm. Math. Phys.2010 ( to appear)

    A:The symbol of the elliptic operator contained in the hyperbolic structure

    of the field Eqn is the same that determined the discreteness of the spectrum.

    Spectral properties of supermembrane and multibrane theories

    Multibrane bosonic spectra

    Discreteness of the Spectrum of Schrödinger Operators with Regular Potentials




    M.P. Garcia del Moral, I. Martin, L. Navarro, A.J. Perez, A. Restuccia. NPB 2010

    Spectral properties of supermembrane and multibrane theories

    Multibrane bosonic theories

    1.The BLG Potential: Scalar potential analysis

    • The regularity condition

    • Chern-Simon Contribution: Solve for F (A) in terms of X

    H = -  + Di X D i X + V(x)  - + V(x)

    H has discrete spectrum

    2. The ABJM / ABJ Potential: Scalar potential analysis

    H has discrete spectrum

    M.P. Garcia del Moral, I. Martin, L. Navarro, A.J. Perez, A. Restuccia. NPB 2010

    Spectral properties of supermembrane and multibrane theories

    Supersymmetric Models

    • OPEN POINT: Nonperturbative quantization of supersymmetric theories

    • In 1988 11D Supersymmetric M2 has continuous spectrum.De Wit, Luscher, Nicolai NPB

    • 1988 Semiclassical analysis a M2 + topological constraint has discrete Spectrum Duff, Inami, Pope,Sezgim , Stelle NPB

     0 , 


    • 2001- Nonperturbative Analysis of the Supersymmetric M2+ Topological constraint : Purely Discrete Spectrum.

    • - Boulton, Garcia del Moral Restuccia NPB 2003; NPB 2008; 2010 IN PREPARATION

    • Physical Implications!

    • 4D description: w/ Pena JHEP08,

    • G2 compactification w/ Belhaj,,Garcia del Moral, Segui, JP. VeiroJPHA09

    • Non abelian description w/Garcia del Moral JHEP10

    • Other Matrix Models?: D2-D0 Brane : Yang Mills + Topological Restriction Continuous Spectrum  0 , 

    • Spectral analysis of BLG , ABJM, ABJ:Continuous Spectrum , gap.

    L. Boulton, M.P. Garcia del Moral , A. Restuccia In preparation.

    Spectral properties of supermembrane and multibrane theories

    Eigenvalue Zero Problem of the 11D M2:

    Is 11D Supergravity really contained in M-theory)? OPEN PROBLEM (88)

    Boulton , Garcia del Moral, Martin, Restuccia .

    For H = -  + VB + VF consider Deformation of the Bosonic potential

    • H = -  + + VF .

    • Properties: 1- It is essentially self adjoint.

    • 2- H is a relatively bounded perturbation of -  + .

    • 3- is bounded from below by the square of the L2 norm.

    • 4- H H stronglyin the generalized sense .

    • 5- Hhas a compact resolvent

    • Theminimum eigenvalue  0 when  0

    •  belongs to H1( R n )

    • 3. We consider now S n and the Embedding Theorem :

    • The closure in the L2 norm of the unit H1 ball is compact.

    • There exists a convergent subsequence such that  

    • 4. belongs to the domain of H and H= 0

    • A different Approach was followed in:

    • J. Hoppe, D. Lundholm, M. Trzetrzelewski,Nucl.Phys.B817:155-166,2009.



    We obtain a Necessary and Sufficient condition for the discreteness of the spectrum of allbosonic polynomial matrix models: M2, M5, p-branes, ABJ/M,...

    We characterize the spectrum of the supermembrane with a topological condition: It is the only model with pure discrete spectrum.

    For the supersymmetric multibrane models (BLG, ABJ/M) the spectrum is continuous and has a mass gap.

    The existence of the eigenfunction with zero eigenvalue for the 11D supermembrane: A step forward.