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Alcohol and Tobacco #1. Meaghan A. Roy, M.Ed Fall 2009 Grade 9 Health. Alcohol Taxonomy. Write all of the letters of the alphabet on your paper – one letter per line, vertical. Next to each letter, write any word that comes to mind that relates to alcohol. What Exactly is Alcohol?.

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alcohol and tobacco 1
Alcohol and Tobacco #1

Meaghan A. Roy, M.Ed

Fall 2009

Grade 9 Health

alcohol taxonomy
Alcohol Taxonomy

Write all of the letters of the alphabet on your paper – one letter per line, vertical

Next to each letter, write any word that

comes to mind that relates to alcohol

what exactly is alcohol
What Exactly is Alcohol?

The intoxicating substance found in beer, wine, liquor, and

liqueurs is ethyl alcohol (ethanol).

1. Ethanol is produced by the process of fermentation

Fermentation -

a. yeast breaks down plant sugars into ethanol and CO2

until the “mash” reaches 14% alcohol

b. at 14% the alcohol kills the yeast

2. Beer and Ales - other ingredients added to dilute the alcohol

3. After fermentation, other beverages are heated and the vapors

are “condensed” and mixed with H2O to make the product.

what does proof mean
What does “Proof” Mean?

Proof measures the % of alcohol in the beverage

A product that states “100 proof” is actually 50% alcohol

Higher proof = Greater effects on the body

Wines = 12 - 15% alcohol

Ales = 6 - 8%

Beer = 2 - 6%

*All percentages vary according to the specific product

behavioral effects of alcohol
Behavioral Effects of Alcohol

Blood Alcohol Concentration, the ratio of alcohol to

total blood volume.


Tolerance = The nervous system adapts so that it takes more alcohol

to produce the same effects as it had on fewer drinks.

Blood Alcohol Concentration Chart

Activity: Organize the cards according to your beliefs of effects of

alcohol based on the number of drinks that a person has had.

signs of alcohol poisoning
Signs of Alcohol Poisoning
  • Confusion, stupor
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Slow breathing (less than eight breaths a minute)
  • Irregular breathing
  • Blue-tinged skin or pale skin
  • Low body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Unconsciousness ("passing out")
who can help you
Who Can Help You?
  • On a scrap piece of paper, write down who you would call if you were ever in a dangerous (or even questionable) situation involving alcohol.
  • DO NOT WRITE THEIR NAME! Write their relationship to you and why you would call them. Ex: My sister because she is very responsible.
alcohol metabolism
Alcohol Metabolism

It takes approximately 2 hours for the body to metabolize one

serving of alcohol.

Interactive Body

1. Easily absorbed through the entire GI system

2. Mouth – tiny amounts

3. ~20% absorbed through stomach lining

4. ~80% absorbed through upper 1/3 of small intestine

factors affecting absorption of alcohol what do you think
Factors Affecting Absorptionof Alcohol – What do You Think?

Brainstorm with your group from BAC activity

  • Answers:
  • Alcohol concentration in your drink –
    • -more rapidly absorbed
  • -in general, wine and beer are absorbed more slowly

2. Amount of alcohol consumed -

  • Amount of food in your stomach – full stomach= less exposed
  • surface are to the alcohol
factors affecting absorption of alcohol cont d
Factors Affecting Absorptionof Alcohol (cont’d)

5. Carbonated beverages – absorbed more quickly than those w/o


6. Mixers – cause the pyloric valve to relax, thus allowing stomach

Contents to be “dumped” into the small intestine.

*Pyloric Valve = opening from stomach to small intestine

7. Mood – emotions affect how long it takes for contents to move

from the stomach to the small intestine. “Powerful Moods” cause

stomach contents to be dumped into the small intestine. = More rapid


maternal consumption
Maternal Consumption
  • What can happen to an unborn child when a mother drinks alcohol?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
signs of fas
Signs of FAS
  • Facial Features: small eyes, an thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose
  • Heart defects
  • Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers
  • Slow physical growth before and after birth
  • Vision difficulties or hearing problems
  • Small head circumference and brain size (microcephaly)
  • Poor coordination
  • Sleep problems
  • Mental retardation and delayed development
  • Learning disorders
  • Abnormal behavior, such as a short attention span, hyperactivity,
  • poor impulse control, extreme nervousness and anxiety
  • Write your ASSIGNED age on your slip of paper -1, 2, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 21, 27, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80
  • Write down a positive typical thing that someone who is that ASSIGNED age might do.
  • Come up to the board and tape your paper to the timeline in the appropriate space then return to your seat.