New England Colonies. 42-50 in textbook. Plymouth and the Pilgrims. Puritans flee Great Britain to America by way of Holland 101 settlers on the Mayflower (Mayflower Compact) Squanto Economy: fur trade, lumber, fish Separation of Church and State. Massachusetts Bay Colony.
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New England Colonies 42-50 in textbook
Plymouth and the Pilgrims • Puritans flee Great Britain to America by way of Holland • 101 settlers on the Mayflower • (Mayflower Compact) • Squanto • Economy: fur trade, lumber, fish • Separation of Church and State
Massachusetts Bay Colony • John Winthrop’s “City Upon a Hill” • Joint Stock Company, controlled entirely in Massachusetts: Winthrop brought the charter with him • Theocracy: political rights extended to church members
Rhode Island • aka Massachusetts “garbage can” • Founded by Roger Williams; pushed for separation of church and state; questioned the seizure of Native American land • Anne Hutchinson; offended authority; questioned church teachings; had the AUDACITY to be a woman!
Connecticut • The Fundamental Orders (1639)- voting for all land owners • Settlement: land grants to proprietors; fee simple plan; development of Town Hall Meeting
Misc… • King Phillip’s War (Metacom): June-Dec. 1675 • 5% of New England’s population was killed: 25% of Native American population • Salem Witch Trials: 20 people executed based on accusations of a couple of adolescent girls • Iroquois Confederation and the domination of the fur trade
Next… • NOW…what to do??????? Hmmm… • I have an idea!
ESSAY TIME!! • Write a response in the form of a free-response essay. • Thesis statement • Topic sentences for the body paragraphs • Due in ____ minutes! • Discuss the role of religion in shaping New England society. Why did New England’s religious institutions-and consequently political institutions-become far more democratic than those in the mother country?
ESSAY TIME!!! • Write a response in the form of a free-response essay. • Thesis statement • Topic sentences for the body paragraphs • Due in ____ minutes! -Describe the obstacles to the colonization of Virginia and the means by which they were overcome.