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MDG 1 and Disability. Poverty reduction and eradication of hunger. Outline. MDG 1 – What is it? What are the linkages between poverty, hunger and disability? How to achieve MDG 1? PRSP as one instrument to achieve MDG 1. Millennium Development Goal 1.

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mdg 1 and disability

MDG 1 and Disability

Poverty reduction and eradication of hunger

outline
Outline
  • MDG 1 – What is it?
  • What are the linkages between poverty, hunger and disability?
  • How to achieve MDG 1?
  • PRSP as one instrument to achieve MDG 1
millennium development goal 1
Millennium Development Goal 1

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Target 1: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day

Indicator 1: Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day

Indicator 2: Poverty gap ratio

Indicator 3: Share of poorest quintile in national consumption

millennium development goal 11
Millennium Development Goal 1

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Target 2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Indicator 4: Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age

Indicator 5: Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption

link between disability and mdg 1
Link between disability and MDG 1

Exclusion from education / employment

Exclusion

Increased living costs

Excluded from social life

Disability

Poverty

Poor nutrition

Increased vulnerability/risk to become injured/impaired

Living conditions

Poor health care

Poor working conditions

disability and poverty available data
Disability and poverty – available data
  • One person in 20 worldwide has a disability, of which more than three out of five live in a developing country (UN figures)
  • One in five of the world’s poorest have a disability (World Bank estimate)
  • US$ 1.71–2.23 trillion of global GDP is lost because of disability, which adds up to a rate of between 5.35% and 6.97%.
  • 82% of persons with disabilities live below the poverty line in developing countries (UN figures)
hunger and disability
Hunger and disability
  • 20% of impairments are caused by malnutrition
  • Between 250,000 and 500,000 children go blind every year from Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD)
  • There are over 16 million mentally handicapped and nearly 49.5 million people with lesser degrees of brain damage due to Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD).
  • More than half of all pregnant women in the world are anemic, of whom 90% live in developing countries
disability poverty and hunger lack of knowledge
Disability, poverty and hunger – lack of knowledge
  • Global figures show trends, but do not explain linkages in detail
  • Global figures do not show specific circumstances in countries and/or regions
how to achieve mdg 1
How to achieve MDG 1?
  • MDG 1 is the central MDG and linked to all other goals
  • Economic (pro-poor) growth
  • Social protection
  • Increased agricultural production
  • Disaster management
translation into action
Translation into action
  • Targets were set based on global trends, not country specific situation  some countries adapted the targets and create national MDGs
  • Targets define the end of the road, but not the road itself  national/regional policies, programmes, budget and other governmental plans translate the targets into action
  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs)
  • Programmes and projects of non-governmental development actors
prsps
PRSPs
  • Origin: World Bank and IMF introduced this concept in the late 1990s to have a basis for debt relief, grants and other support to low-income countries
  • Basic idea: Concerned countries formulate their own strategy leading to poverty reduction and economic growth
  • Stakeholders: Government, civil society, international donors …
mdg 1 and disability in prsp examples
MDG 1 and disability in PRSP – Examples
  • Tanzanian: “20% of children and adults with disabilities [are] reached with effective social protection measures by 2010”
  • Ethiopia: “A productive safety net program that includes:
    • A public works program to employ the poor in building roads and other infrastructure during difficult times; and,
    • Free distributions to orphans, the elderly, the disabled, and others who cannot work”
mdg 1 and disability in prsp examples1
MDG 1 and disability in PRSP – Examples

Bangladesh:

“Safety Net Programmes (SNPs): in Bangladesh Allowances for the Distressed Disabled Persons (ADDP): In the budget of 2005/06, the Government has introduced allowances for the distressed disabled persons and provided an allocation of Tk 250 million for this purpose.”

lessons learned from prsp
Lessons learned from PRSP
  • If disabled people‘s organisations are involved in the policy formulation, proposed actions will not longer follow a charity-based approach
  • Empowerment of DPOs and other civil society stakeholders is effective
  • International NGOs can be facilitator and door-opener
  • Lack of data and knowledge about disability and poverty makes it difficult ton propose concrete actions
discussion
Discussion
  • What can be done on the level of the developing countries?
  • On the level of the international community?
  • Are MDGs really the ultimate goals?
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