Earthquake. Earthquake. An earthquake (also known as a quake , tremor or temblor ) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves .
Earthquakes are measured using observations from seismometers.
Magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes are mostly almost imperceptible or weak and magnitude 7 and over potentially cause serious damage over larger areas, depending on their depth.
The most recent large earthquake of magnitude 9.0 or larger was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan in 2011 (as of October 2012), and it was the largest Japanese earthquake since records began.
At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and sometimes displacement of the ground.
In its most general sense, the word earthquake is used to describe any seismic event — whether natural or caused by humans — that generates seismic waves.
The boundaries between moving plates form the largest fault surfaces on Earth.
The 2001 Gujarat earthquake occurred on January 26, 2001, India's 51st Republic Day, at 08:46 AM local time (3:16 UTC) and lasted for over two minutes.
This was an intraplate earthquake, one that occurred at a distance from an active plate boundary, so the area was not well prepared.
Relief poured in from all over the world and over a longer period of time, the affected area was re-equipped with all the basic facilities along with state-of-the-art upgrades.