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The Early Republic Chapter 9
Washington’s Precedents • Cabinet • Terms • Washington’s Two Farewell Warnings
Alexander Hamilton’s Plan Secretary of the Treasury • Step 1 – Pay off war debts. • Step 2 – Raise government revenues (tariffs). • Step 3 – Create a National Bank. Why? How do banks work?
Interpreting the Constitution • Strict Construction versus Loose Construction • Elastic Clause (Article I, Section 8, No. 18) “ To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or office thereof.
Native-Americans in the Northwest Territory • Spain, Britain, and the Unites States • Battle of Fallen Timbers General “Mad Anthony” Wayne
Trouble at Home and Abroad • Whiskey Rebellion • French Revolution • Jay’s Treaty – Remove Forts & Pay Damages • Pinckney’s Treaty – The Mississippi River, the Port of New Orleans, and Florida.
Federalists v. Democrat-Republicans • Strong National Govt. • Fear of Mob Rule • Loose Interpretation of Constitution • Favored National Bank • Manufacturing & Shipping Economy • Supporters: Lawyers, Merchants, Clergy • Limited National Govt. • Fear of Rule by 1 or Powerful Few • Strict Interpretation of Constitution • Opposed Natl. Bank • Farming Economy • Supporters: Farmers & Tradesmen
President John Adams versus V.P. Thomas Jefferson Why do we need the 12th Amendment?
Problems with France • Why were they seizing our ships? • The XYZ Affair – Bribery & Extortion • Peace at Last
Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Act 1798: Fear of Immigrants Begin Citizenship and Deportation Authority Sedition Act Constitutional or Unconstitutional? How does states’ rights solve the problem?
Political Party Essay Due Wednesday 3 Beliefs250 Words5 Paragraph Essay?