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The Age of Absolutism. Mr. Pinto Social Studies LLD IV. Absolutism. Absolutism – The absolute and complete control of a monarch over his or her people Absolute Monarch – Unlimited power in the hands of the King

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The age of absolutism

The Age of Absolutism

Mr. Pinto

Social Studies LLD IV


  • Absolutism – The absolute and complete control of a monarch over his or her people

  • Absolute Monarch – Unlimited power in the hands of the King

  • Divine Right – The political idea that monarchs receive their power directly from God and are responsible only to God for their actions. This allowed monarchs to go unchallenged by their subjects

  • Balance of Power – Each nation helps to keep peace and order by maintaining power that is equal to rival nations

  • Dynasty – A family that governs a country based on the idea that divine right is passed down from generation to generation

Spain and england had absolute monarchs
Spain and England had Absolute Monarchs

  • Charles V of Spain

    • Holy Roman Emperor from 1516 to 1556

    • Bankrupted Spain through war with France

    • Gave his son Phillip II control of Spain, Netherlands, and Spanish America

Phillip ii
Phillip II

  • Wanted to save Catholic Church from Protestants and Muslims

  • Brought back Spanish Inquisition

    • A court that tried non-Catholics and killed them

  • “Spanish Armada”

Absolutism grows in england
Absolutism Grows In England

  • Henry VIII (Tudor Dynasty)

    • Broke England from the Catholic Church of Rome

    • Helped to maintain balance of power in Europe by growing England’s wealth

  • Elizabeth I (Tudor Dynasty)

    • Restored Protestant Church of England

    • Made English Navy the most powerful in the world

    • “Elizabethan Culture”

An absolute monarchy ruled france
An Absolute Monarchy Ruled France

  • Louis XIV

    • Ruled France from 1661-1715

    • “I am the state”

    • Feared Nobles – reduced their strength

    • Intendants – government agents that collected taxes and administered justice

    • Called “the Sun King”

    • Made Nobles live with him, help him get dressed, be put to bed, etc.

Louis failures
Louis’ Failures

  • Fought many wars throughout Europe $$$$$

  • His extravagant lifestyle cost $$$$$$$

    • Parties etc.

    • The Palace of Versailles

  • Drove non-Catholics from France

    • Hurt workforce