STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS. Chapter 1 –Overview of Today’s Special Education Karen Gatto & Roni Kramer Winter 2009. Who are Special Education personnel?. Females 85% White teachers 86% 14% have a disability Average age 43 59% masters Average 14 years experience
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Chapter 1 –Overview of Today’s Special Education
Karen Gatto & Roni Kramer
Paraprofessionals make up 87% of non teaching staff. During 01-02 there were 577,476 non teaching staff
PAST TERMINOLOGY COMPARED TO TODAY
Figure 1-4 and Figure 1-5
Part B, ages 3-21
The IEP requires:
Now also applies to vocational funding for SWD
NCLB and IDEA 2004
of Students of Diverse Cultural/Linguistic Backgrounds
Academic Systems Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
RTI - School-Wide Systems for Student Success
New Initial Referral Received
Initial Evals completed within 60 calendar days from receipt of consent Unless parent and district agree to another timeline
Psychological, Social History, Classroom observation, other appropriate evals.
CSE recommendation to BOE
Consent for placement
60 calendar days to complete evaluation
Parent and district can agree to another timeline if:
Referral for initial evaluations
Variety of sources
Participation of the Early Intervention (EI 0-2 years old) representative
District is required to obtain parental consent (or student consent if emancipated) before inviting representatives from adult agencies to a CSE
Membership: Sub-CSE chairperson, parent, student (when appropriate), special education teacher, general education teacher.
**CPSE does not allow subcommittee meetings
Parent and district may agree in writing for the following:
A student shall not be determined eligible for special education if the determinant factor is:
May not rely on any single procedure
Must include observation of student’s academic performance in regular classroom
Q. If you use an RTI process, must you still conduct a complete individual evaluation?
No need to complete a psychological
evaluation if there is evidence that one is not needed
Does not make progress (RTI)
Exhibits a pattern of strengths and weaknesses in:
3. Not result of: instruction in math and reading?
5. Does the student meet the State’s criteria?
7. If the student participated in RTI: