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UNITAR-Thailand GHS Capacity Building. Pesticide Sector.

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Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Currently Thailand adopts the FAO Guidelines on Good Labelling Practice for Pesticides 1994 to be applied for pesticide labelling and the WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification 2004 for pesticide classification in the country.


Government sector
Government Sector Labelling Practice for Pesticides 1994 to be applied for pesticide

  • The Department of Agriculture is a responsible agency for control of import, export, production and having in posession of Agricultural hazardous substances (pesticides) under the Hazardous Substances Act B.E. 2535 (1992).


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Classification of pesticides were made according to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538. Pesticides are classified into 4 categories which are


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Ia - extremely hazardous Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538. Pesticides are classified into 4 categories which are

  • Ib - highly hazardous

  • II - moderately hazardous

  • III - slightly hazardous


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • According to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Criteria and Method for Production, Import, Export and Having in Possession of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538 (revised in B.E. 2547), it is required to


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

Labelling of pesticide is made according to Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

Other Departments responsible for pesticides during mixing, using and storing pesticide. It also contains wordings of symptoms of poisoning, first aid treatment and guidance for physician. regulation are as follows:-

  • Department of Fisheries : responsible for control of pesticides in fish culture

  • Department of Livestock Development : responsible for control of pesticides used as disinfectant, cleaning solution, pesticides used to control ectoparasite

  • Department of Agricultural Extension : responsible for transfer of knowledge on safe handling and efficient use of pesticide to farmers


New laws to be enacted
New laws to be enacted during mixing, using and storing pesticide. It also contains wordings of symptoms of poisoning, first aid treatment and guidance for physician.

(1) Notification of Department of Agriculture entitled Basic Properties, Characteristics and Criteria for Production Site of Agricultural Hazardous Substances Licensing.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

It is aimed at prevention of hazards caused by pesticide production which may occur on human, animal, plant, assets and the environment by determination on details of location, production factory, equipments, containers, protective equipments, storage sites and other safety provisions.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

(2) Notification of Department of Agriculture entitled Basic Properties, Characteristics and Criteria for Having in Possession for sale of Agricultural Hazardous Substances Licensing. It determines details of location, building and responsibilities of pesticide possessor.


Existing laws to be amended
Existing laws to be amended Properties, Characteristics and Criteria for Having in Possession for sale of Agricultural Hazardous Substances Licensing. It determines details of location, building and responsibilities of pesticide possessor.

(1) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Determination on Details, Criteria and Methods for Registration of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture. It is required to determine validity of registration certificate. The renewed pesticide registration will be able to use GHS system for labelling.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

(2) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Label and and Toxicity Level of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538. Label contents and classification according to GHS system will be determined.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

(3) Notification of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives entitled Criteria and Method for Production, Import, Export and Having in Possession of Hazardous Substances under Responsibility of Department of Agriculture B.E. 2538 (revised in B.E. 2547). Safety Data Sheet (SDS) according to GHS system will be determined.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

(4) Notification of Ministry of Industry entitled List of Hazardous Substances (Third version) B.E. 2548 (2005). It is required that responsible agencies shall also control chemicals according to the purpose of use.


Business trade sector
Business & Trade Sector Hazardous Substances (Third version) B.E. 2548 (2005). It is required that responsible agencies shall also control chemicals according to the purpose of use.

  • There are two associations concerning pesticide namely, Thai Crop Protection Association and Thai Agri-Business Association. Each association has pesticide import, export, production and distribution companies as members. These pesticide companies follow FAO Code of Conduct for Distribution and Use of Pesticdes.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Classification on type and toxicity of pesticide is based on the information and data generated by basic manufacturer in foreign country according to OECD Guidelines and follow good laboratory practice (GLP). The generated data shall be comparable to WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Civil society
Civil Society safety information. There is a possibilty of implementation of GHS system of labelling on big containers i.e. carton box, or metal or steel or plastic drum, or gunny or plastic bag.

  • Certain groups of civil society are interested in chemical hazard communication such as Alternate Agricultural Network, Consumer’s Foundation and Environmental Network of Chulalongkorn University. The Fruit GrowersGroup disseminates safety information on website http://www.chaosuan.com about safe and correct method for pesticide application.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


There were 2 cases of pesticide accident
There were 2 cases of pesticide accident. information on pesticide about SDS, hazard, REACH, industrial chemical and laws on the

  • The first one was on 5 June 2003 at Tambol Lumpakkud, Amphur Thanyaburi, Pathumthani, where 10 bottles of ammonium hydrogen phosphate and potassium nitrate were broken and caused annoyance to neighbours.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Consumers’ risk of pesticides was assessed by analizing of pesticide residues on vetgetables in Bangkok markets in 2002. Out of 53,431 samples, residues were found in excess of maximum residue limits MRLs of 1,225 samples (2.29%). Chinese kale sample was found to have highest percentage on pesticide residue in excess of MRLs.


Unitar thailand ghs capacity building 1329704

  • Most of civil societ pesticide residues on vetgetables in Bangkok markets in 2002. Out of 53,431 samples, residues were found in excess of maximum residue limits MRLs of 1,225 samples (2.29%). Chinese kale sample was found to have highest percentage on pesticide residue in excess of MRLs.ies support organic farming and non-chemical agriculture. Members lack of knowledge about GHS system and should have opportunity to be trained about it.


Thank you

THANK YOU pesticide residues on vetgetables in Bangkok markets in 2002. Out of 53,431 samples, residues were found in excess of maximum residue limits MRLs of 1,225 samples (2.29%). Chinese kale sample was found to have highest percentage on pesticide residue in excess of MRLs.

Pesticide Sector