Seismic network of landers on Mars: Proposed positioning of landing ellipses and evaluation of the...
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Seismic network of landers on Mars: Proposed positioning of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes. Michael G., Hauber E., Oberst, J., Jaumann R. Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Berlin. desired configuration.

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Seismic network of landers on Mars: Proposed positioning of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

Michael G., Hauber E., Oberst, J., Jaumann R.

Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Berlin


Desired configuration
desired configuration of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

  • The optimal configuration is a triangle of 3 landers separated by 30 degs, with a fourth station at an antipodal location. The triangle ideally should enclose a seismically active region: the favoured options are Tharsis and Elysium


Constraints
constraints of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

The proposed mission design for the former Netlander mission:

  • allows for a maximum spread of landing times of 2h 40 min, which means that the possible landing sites fall within two bands of around 40degs width in longitude: one for prograde and the other for retrograde entries.

  • The reachable latitude range is expected to be 34S-53N.

  • Constraints imposed by the parachute and airbag systems determine that the sites should be at an altitude of no more than the 0 m MOLA level.

  • For the Netlander design, the 3-sigma landing ellipse is of the order of 540x55 km. Varies somewhat depending on the site.  (cf. Gusev crater, the Spirit rover landing site, at 170 km across)

  • Ellipse semi-major axis orientated along entry trajectory (perpendicular to trace of reachable sites)

  • the local slope should be < 15° on 5m scale, and the area free of obvious hazards


Amazonia network
Amazonia network of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Ladon basin
Ladon basin of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Slope range
slope range of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

MOLA – 500m baseline


3d view
3d view of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

MOLA/Viking MDIM


Difficult sites lycus sulci
difficult sites – Lycus Sulci of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Slope range1
slope range of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Altitude range
altitude range of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

MOLA


3d view1
3d view of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Alternative sites olympus south
alternative sites – Olympus south of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Slope range2
slope range of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Altitude range1
altitude range of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


3d view2
3d view of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Elysium network
Elysium network of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Tharsis network t1 variant
Tharsis network – T1 variant of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Amazonia variant olympus south
Amazonia variant – Olympus south of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Chryse network
Chryse network of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Table of sites
table of sites of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes


Conclusion
conclusion of landing ellipses and evaluation of the encountered range of slopes

  • 540x55km 3 landing ellipses can be optimally placed such that the 15º local slope constraint is violated with maximum 2.2% probability for the Amazonia network (at Ladon basin)

  • Amazonia network offers the safest sites with the current constraints

  • Elysium network has good possibilities, although the retrograde entries may be constrained to ~11ºN; Ladon basin would be a good antipode, if time constraint relaxed by 50%

  • proposed Tharsis variants require significant relaxation of the landing time constraint (300% for T1)

  • (note that Hellas ellipses are expected to be significantly larger, and the landing systems may need to operate differently)

  • There are several feasible Chryse network configurations in the north; other than Hellas, a site east of Dao Vallis might serve as the antipode

  • An Amazonia network with a site south of Olympus Mons appears to be an interesting variant

  • G. Michael acknowledges the European Community's Human Potential Programme under contract RTN2-2001-00414, MAGE.


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