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Abu Bakr Al - Siddiqi. By: Hiba Masfaka , Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Muhammad Khan, Zafir Kabbani, and Amir Hijawi . People. Abu Bakr: First Caliph to rule in the Islamic Empire. Best missionary in Islam after the Prophet (SAW). He was Caliph for 2 years.

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abu bakr al siddiqi
AbuBakrAl-Siddiqi

By: Hiba Masfaka, Aqsa Kanwal, Kinzah Fatima, Muhammad Khan,

Zafir Kabbani, and Amir Hijawi

people
People

Abu Bakr:

  • First Caliph to rule in the Islamic Empire.
  • Best missionary in Islam after the Prophet (SAW).
  • He was Caliph for 2 years.
  • Expanded the least amount of Islam.
  • Umar:
  • One of the wealthiest and bravest Sahaba at the time.
  • Conquered Jerusalem and Damascus.
  • 2nd Caliph to rule over the Islamic Empire.
  • Accomplishment: Getting the key of Masjid al-Aqsa.
  • Ali bin Talib:
  • Cousin and son in law of the Prophet (SAW).
  • Caliph for 5 years.
  • Respected by Sunni’s and Shia’s.
  • Last Caliph to rule in the Islamic Empire.
slide3

Timeline

625

The Battle of Uhud took place.

570-571

Prophet Muhammad

was born.

630

The Conquest of Makkah took place.

632

Abu Bakr becomes Caliph.

634

Omar becomes Caliph.

644

Othman becomes Caliph.

656

Ali becomes Caliph.

573

Abu Bakr was born.

632

Prophet Muhammad died.

634

Abu Bakr died.

630

The Battle of Tabuk took place.

629

The Battle of Khaybartook place.

events
Events
  • 632 Abu Bakr as a caliph:
  • He was chosen as the prophet’s successor.
  • chosen by Ansars and Quraish.
  • Prophets Muhammad's death:
  • He was extremely ill.
  • He was still beautiful even at his last days.
  • Sickness before death:
  • He was awfully ill before death.
  • He felt very tired.
geography
Geography

Islam expanded all over Europe and Asia

  • Saudi Arabia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Libya

All of the Caliphs had spread Islam in some way. The Caliphs spread Islam north, south, east, and west.

  • Egypt
  • Pakistan
  • Turkey
  • Afghanistan
artifacts
Artifacts

Islamic Calligraphy was very famous and still is very famous. When people wanted to design their walls with something they would use Islamic calligraphy.

All Caliphs wore turbans. People that wear turbans show others that they are extraordinary people.

When Abu Bakr and all the other companions fought in war each one of them had a sword to protect them selves.

fun facts
Fun Facts
  • Abu Bakr was the first male to be a Muslim.
  • He was the closest companion the Prophet (S) and the first to believe him.
  • He died the same age the Prophet (S) did.
  • Accompanied the prophet (s) during his migration.
  • The prophet married Abu Bakr’s daughter Aisha (R).
  • Abu Bakr was the First Muslim leader after the prophets death.
  • He was the first to compile the Quran in one book.
quotes
Quotes
  • “ Have an earnestness for death and you will have life.”

-Abu Bakr

  • “ He who aspires to paradise should learn to deal with people with kindness.”
  • -Abu Bakr
  • “ Do not look down upon any Muslim, for even the most inferior believer is great in the eyes of god.”
  • -Abu Bakr
  • “ Be good to others, that will protect you against evil.”

-Abu Bakr

slide9

Al-Jazari

By: Aqsa Kanwal, Muhammad Khan, and Amir Hijawi

background
Background

He was a:

  • Scholar
  • Inventor
  • Mechanical engineer
  • Craftsman
  • Artist
  • Mathematician
  • Astronomer
  • Writer
  • Muslim Arab Polymath

He was:

  • From Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia
  • Best known for his book:

Book of Knowledge of Ingenious

Mechanical Devices

Real name:

al-ShaykhRa'is al-A`malBadi`al-Zaman Abu al-'IzzibnIsma`il

ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari

inventions
Inventions:
  • Camshaft
  • Crankshaft and crank-slider mechanism
  • Saqiya chain pumps
  • Water supply system
  • Drink serving waitress
  • Musical robot band
  • Candle clocks
  • Elephant clock
  • Castle clock
  • Weight driven water clock
  • Peacock fountain with automated servant
  • Hand washing automaton with flush mechanism

Crankshaft and crank-slider

mechanism

Saqiya chain pump

Castle clocks

elephant clock
Elephant Clock

CULTURAL REALATIONS:

  • Indian Elephant
  • Chinese serpents
  • Arabian architecture
  • Greek water technology

Height:

  • 8.5 meters high
slide14

Comparing Clocks

No need for people to keep track of the clock! These clocks time their selves!

slide15

Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices

  • This book was a document about devices and different types of tools.
  • It was written by Al-Jazari in 1206
  • This book described many mechanical devices
  • The book includes:
  • 10 water and candle clocks.
  • 10 vessels and figures suited for drinking seasons.
  • 10 pitchers and basins for phlebotomy and washing before prayers.
  • 10 fountains that change their shape alternately, and machines for perpetual flute.
  • 5 water raising machine.
  • 5 miscellaneous devices.
artifacts1
Artifacts

Saqiya Chain Pumps

Elephant Clock

Castle Clock

ibn al haythem
Ibn Al- Haythem

By: Hiba Masfaka, Kinzah Fatima, Zafir Kabbani

background1
Background
  • Born: 965 CE Basra, Iraq
  • Died: 1040 CE Cairo, Egypt, Fatimid Caliphate
  • Residence:

- Basra, Iraq

-Cairo, Egypt

  • Jobs: Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer

Full Name- Abu Ali Al-Hasan Ibn Al-Haythem

specific invention the obscura
Specific Invention:The Obscura
  • The camera obscura is an optical device that projects an image of its surroundings on a screen
  • The Obscura is technically a pin hole camera
  • Ibn Al Haythem placed a card board box on the wall and put a small hole in the middle and had a mirror as a reflection

Do you want to learn how to make an Obscura?

http://licm.org.uk/livingImage/CameraObscura.html

comparison
Comparison

Obscura

2011 Camera

a ccomplishments
Accomplishments
  • “The Book of Optics” (Kitab Al-Manazir) was a seven-volume treatise on optics, physics, mathematics, anatomy, and psychology
  • This book was written by Ibn Al Haythem
  • It was originally written in Arabic and was later translated into Persian, Latin and Italian within the next several centuries
artifacts2
Artifacts

This is just a brief example of how the obscura works and functions.

This is “The Book Of Optics” made by Ibn Al Haythem. This book talks about the developments of the eye and how the eye functions.

These are two pages of the book Ibn Al Haythem wrote. These two pages explain the studies that were put into learning how the eye works and functions.

bibliography
Bibliography

Abu Bakr:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Bakr

http://www.sunnah.org/publication/khulafa_rashideen/caliph1.htm

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/abu_bakr.html

AL Jazari:

http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=848

http://www.history-science-technology.com/Articles/articles%206.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Jazari

Ibn Al Haythem:

http://www.ibnalhaytham.net/

http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Al-Haytham.html

http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0824826.html