Introduction to Machine Vision for New Users. Part 1 of a 3-part webinar series: Introduction to Machine Vision. About your Instructors. Dr. Jonathan Ludlow Machine Vision Product Manager. Juan Worle Technical Training Coordinator. Today’s Objectives.
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Part 1 of a 3-part webinar series: Introduction to Machine Vision
Dr. Jonathan Ludlow
Machine Vision Product Manager
Technical Training Coordinator
By the end of this Webinar, you will know:
Today we will discuss:
Automatic extraction of information from digital images.
The most popular Machine Vision applications include:
It’s not magic!
Arthur C. Clarke’s Third Law:
Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.
Automated measurement, and then check to specified tolerances.
Measuring a spark plug for proper gap tolerance
Decode 1D or 2D Symbologies, read OCR.
OCR on cans used to identify contents
1D and 2D symbols
DPM Data Matrix
Find a number of parts or features on a part.
Count the number of sodas in an 8-pack
Counting the holes drilled in a machined block of aluminum
Report the position and orientation of a part.
Search for a pattern to identify a product
Locate tools can align images for other tools
Example component system
Examples of integrated systems
The object to be measured or inspected
The most critical piece, illuminates the part
Delivers image to the sensor
Captures light and converts it to a digital image
4. Vision Processing
Looks at the picture to extract features
Report the results to the world, can be data or discrete I/O
2D imagers use the same parts as a Machine Vision system
Proper lighting is essential to a successful Machine Vision application.
If the feature cannot be seen, it cannot be measured
Delivers the image to the sensor.
Field of View
Depth of Focus
12mm: larger Field of View
Lens & extension tubes
25mm: magnified image
Captures light and converts it to a digital image.
Sensor is inside the camera
Sensor pixels collect light
Acquire image: Collect the image that was captured by the sensor/lens
Image Pre-processing: Modify the image to make features stand out
Image Analysis: Extract features from the image
Geometry & Tolerance: Measure features and compare to specification
Results: CommunicatePass/Fail4. Vision Processing
Counting PCB pads using blobs
Measure using edge tools
Locate a part by searching for unique features
Report the inspection results.
A PLC can collect data and discrete I/O signals
Integrated systems have I/O built in
Electrical signals can be sent to a diverter to remove faulty items, and to a stack light to warn operators
HMI screens can display Machine Vision inspection status
Putting it together: Check fill level and cap installation
Choosing the Right Machine Vision Applications
Introduction to Machine Vision Webinar series:
Today: Introduction to Machine Vision for New Users
December 10: Choosing the Right Machine Vision Applications
December 17: Machine Vision Tools for Solving Auto ID Applications