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Reforming The Colonial Government. Textbook pages 103 – 111. Reform Parties Joseph Howe Rebellions. WHO: Political Parties 1830s p. 103. Political Parties: groups of people united by a common belief of how government should work. Conservatives

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reforming the colonial government
Reforming The Colonial Government

Textbook pages 103 – 111.

Reform Parties

Joseph Howe


who political parties 1830s p 103
WHO: Political Parties 1830s p. 103
  • Political Parties: groups of people united by a common belief of how government should work.
  • Conservatives
    • believe that people should accept things the way they are.
  • Reformers
    • believe that change is needed to reform the government into something that may be a successful democracy.
how did people learn of political happenings page 104
How did People Learn of Political Happenings? page 104


  • Anglican and Roman Catholic Churches given preferential treatment.
    • Allocation of lands
    • Taxes
  • Leaders were influential in the community
    • Encouraged people to take a side in political reform.
how did people learn the political happenings page 105
How did People Learn the Political Happenings? Page 105


  • Small print, few pictures.
  • Dense text – many words in a small space to save paper.
  • First source of news: Many more newspapers in the 1800s than now.
  • News, weather, political happenings, birthdays, deaths, editorials.
freedom of the press the right to write page 106 107
Freedom of the Press: the Right to Write, page 106-107.
  • Editorial Sections of newspapers – people to write about their opinions.
    • Edited – papers controlled by those of the Elite could edit out opposing views.
  • Joseph Howe, Defender of the Freedom of the Press.
who joseph howe page 107
WHO: Joseph Howe, page 107
  • Editor of the Novascotian, Lieutenant-governor of NS,
  • Leader of Reform Party
    • Helped to bring Responsible Government to NS.
    • Later Reform Party was renamed the Liberals.
review need to know
REVIEW: Need to know:
  • Political Parties
  • Reformers
  • Informed Opinions
  • How people learned the daily news:
    • Newspapers
    • Churches
rebel against what
Rebel Against What?
  • Struggle against the Elite for Political Empowerment.
  • Hunger and disease – crop failures, more people living in poverty.
  • More control over how colonial governments spent their money.
  • Discrimination – French-speaking colonists worried about non-French speakers and loosing their culture.
the french in lower canada p 110
The French in Lower Canadap. 110
  • Crop Failures: Habitants were hungry.
  • Increase number of English Speaking immigrants.
    • English speakers seen as a threat to French Culture. Diluting French culture and Language.
  • Disease: Cholera
  • 1832: Voting riots resulted
    • in 3 French men killed by British troops.
louis joseph papineau page 108 leader of patriote parti
Louis-Joseph Papineau (page 108)leader of Patriote Parti
  • Wanted a separate colony where the French are in control:
    • They could control how money was spent.
    • Challenge authority of the Executive Council.
louis joseph papineau continued
Louis-Joseph Papineau, continued

7th of May, 1837:

  • Papineau and his Patriote Parti issued 12 Resolutions:
    • Lower Canada is no longer part of BNA.
    • Wanted a separate country for the French.
  • Colonial Government issued warrants for Papineau’s arrest for treason.
    • Troops from Upper Canada marched to Lower Canada.
papineau s wanted for treason
Papineau’s Wanted for Treason.
  • Colonial Government issued warrants for Papineau’s arrest for treason.
    • Troops from Upper Canada marched to Lower Canada.

Nationalist’ Flag

Over the next months, tensions between Conservatives and Reformers increased.

lower canada november 1837 rebellions turn violent
LOWER CANADA: November 1837: Rebellions Turn Violent

Violence at Saint-Hilaire de Rouville

November 23-24.

Rebels loose at Saint-Eustache

December 1837

upper canada p 110
Upper Canada p. 110
  • Dispute how money was being spent.
  • Hunger: crop failures.
  • Land disputes:
    • Anglican church was given preferential treatment.
    • Many immigrants who wanted to start farms had to travel far from urban centers.
    • Wealthier became wealthier.
toronto upper canada december 1837
Toronto, Upper Canada: December 1837
  • Rebels lead by Wiliam, Lyon Makenzie.
  • GOAL: to take control of the Government.
  • Defeated.

1838 the second year of troubles
1838: The Second Year of Troubles
  • Smaller Rebellions continue in both Upper and Lower Canada.
    • None of the Rebels were successful, many hung for treason others banished.
  • Lord Durham brought to Lower Canada as the new Governor, issues a report.
lord durham and the result of the rebellions p111
Lord Durham and the Result of the Rebellions, p111.

Lord Durham ‘s Report:

  • Responsible Government
      • What Reformers in both colonies wanted.
  • Unite Lower and Upper Canada
      • 1841 – Province of Canada
think it through page 111
Think It Through, Page 111
  • Individually, you are to:
    • 1) Re-read the textbook pages 108-111.
    • 2) You are to create a “Cause-and-Effect” chain showing the events and results of the rebellion in Upper Canada.
    • For Homework!