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Transition from JAA to EASA. Gert Litterscheidt Maintenance Director. Contents of the Presentation. Co-operation on Safety Regulations in Europe: Today: The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) Future: The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Considerations Transition activities.

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Transition from JAA to EASA

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transition from jaa to easa

Transition from JAA to EASA

Gert Litterscheidt

Maintenance Director

contents of the presentation
Contents of the Presentation

Co-operation on Safety Regulations in Europe:

  • Today: The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA)
  • Future: The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)


Transition activities

jaa easa
Started in 1969


- Co-operative body for aviation safety

- No delegation of legal powers

Legal Framework:

- Cyprus Arrangement (1990): legally non-binding; “best endeavour”

- EU Regulation 3922/91 (1991):

binding but for 15 member States

Should start in August 2003

Status: (See art 12 of regulation)

European Union Agency

Legal personality

Implementing powers conferred to it by the Regulation

Legal framework:

European Union Regulation to be adopted through a co-decision process in August 2002

jaa easa1

High uniform level of safety

Cost-effective system

Contribute to free circulation

Promote the JAA system worldwide

Objectives: (Art 2 of the Regulation)

Principal Objective: High uniform level of safety

Additional Objectives:

High uniform level of environmental protection

Facilitate free movement

Promote cost-efficiency

Assist MS in fulfilling their obligations under Chicago Convention

Promote Community views on aviation safety standards worldwide

jaa easa2

36 Member Authorities

Pre-requisite for membership: European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) membership

Concept of full / candidate members


Design and Manufacture; operation and maintenance of aircraft

Licensing of aviation personnel

Aircraft noise and emission


15 EU Members States (MS)

May be open to European Third countries (See art 55 of the Regulation)

Scope: (See art 1; 7 and 56)

Design, manufacture and continued airworthiness including maintenance of aircraft from August 2003

all products and parts “under” EASA 42 months later

Operations and Flight Crew Licensing August 2004

jaa easa3

To develop and adopt ‘Joint Aviation Requirements’ (JAR).

NOTE: to become binding JARs need to be transposed into National or EU legislation

Functions of the Agency:(Art 12)

- To adopt Certification Specifications (e.g. JAR-25) and guidance material (See art 13)

- To issue Opinions (e.g. recommendation) for higher leveltexts (i.e implementing rules; essential requirements, basic principles) to be adopted by the Commission or the Legislator i.eParliament and Council(See art 13)

jaa easa4

To Jointly implement the JARs using ‘Joint Implementation Procedures’ (JIP) for standardisation

To establish procedures for Joint Certification (Multinational and Local)

Recommend issuance of National Type Certificates

Functions of the agency:

To issue:(See art 15 of regulation)

Type Certificate for aircraft

Certification for parts and appliances

Environmental certificates

Design Organisation Approvals

Outside MS territories, Maintenance and Production Organisation Approvals

If requested by MS, Production Organisation Approvals inside MS .

jaa easa5

Functions of the agency:

(See Art 16 of the Regulation)

To assist the Commission by conducting standardisation inspections of MS in particular in relation to:

Production and Maintenance Organisations Approvals;

Release to Service Personnel Certification;

Maintenance training Organisation Approvals

jaa easa6

Harmonise with FAA and others

Co-operate with FAA and Others on the Certification of Products and Services

To co-operate with EUROCONTROL through Agreement of Co-operation

Co-operate with Standardisation Bodies such as EUROCAE, CEN/CENELEC/ETSI and SAE

Functions of the Agency:

(See art 18 of the regulation)

To assist the Community and MS in their relations with third Countries

To cooperate with other Authorities and international organisations

To assist MS to respect their international obligations

jaa easa7
List of Texts:

Joint Aviation Requirements

Temporary Guidance

Joint Implementation Procedures

List of Texts:

Important note: The EASA structure of texts is different from JARs

There is a need to take the JAA texts and put them at their right place in the EASA hierarchy of texts

jaa easa8
List of Texts:

List of Texts:

(see art 4;5;6;7;14;16;24;43;44;54 and Annex 1)

Applicability and Basic principles

Essential requirements

Implementing rules

Certification Specifications including airworthiness codes and means of compliance


Working methods

status of easa texts
Status of EASA texts
  • Applicability; basic principles and Essential requirements: Binding; adopted by the legislator under co-decision
  • Implementing rules: Binding; adopted by the Commission under Comitology
  • Certification Specification, AMC’s, guidance: non-binding; adopted by the agency.
  • Working methods of the agency: binding for the agency; adopted by the Management board
jaa easa9
Mutual recognition policy:

JAR + JIP + Full Member + satisfactory standardisation results

Mutual recognition policy:

(See art 8 of the Regulation)

“certificates” issued in accordance to EASA Regulation must be recognised by Member States.

jaa easa10

Governing body: JAAC and JAAB consulting an IPAP (Interested Parties Advisory Panel)

Executive: Central JAA and Sectorial Teams

Teams and Groups


Management Board consulting an IPAP(See art 24 to 28)

Independent Executive Director, Directors and staff (See art20;29 and 30)

Note: Structure of the Agency is still TBD.



Transition Activities have been defined. (See Next part of the presentation)

SOME ISSUES: Preparation of all necessary texts and working methods; transfer of tasks; participation of European Third Countries; Co-operation with other Authorities and Organisations


transition activities
Transition Activities
  • Essential Requirements, Implementing rules, Certification Specifications and other texts:
    • Concept of Core Groups is set-up by DG-TREN and JAAC
  • Organisation, working methods of the Agency:
    • Consultant tasked by DG-TREN
  • Impact of EASA on JAA:
    • JAA and EU/ECAC/JAA Task force
  • European Third countries association process and legal aspects of Bilateral agreements:
    • EU
core groups concept
Core Groups Concept
  • 11 Core groups to be set-up:
    • Essential requirements:
    • 1. Operations;
    • 2. Licensing
    • Implementing rules:
    • 3. IR 21,
    • 4. IR 34&36,
    • 5. IR 39,
    • 6. IR M,
    • 7. IR 145,
    • 8. IR 66&147.
core groups concept1
Core Groups Concept
  • 11 Core groups to be set-up (continued):
    • Certification specifications:
    • 9. aircraft and parts and appliances;
    • 10. Engine, Propellers and APUs
    • 11. Regulations interactions.
core groups concept2
Core Groups concept
  • Some highlights of the guidance:
    • Essential requirements:
      • “definition”
      • Top down approach
    • Other texts;
      • Basically adapt current JAA-texts into EASA legal framework
      • Implementing rules: technical requirements and Administrative procedures
core group concept
Core Group Concept
  • Some highlights of guidance:
    • Deliverables: early drafts that will be processed throught the future EASA consultation and validation process
    • The NPA system is not mandatory
    • Sectorial Teams kept informed and their inputs will be considered.
    • Composition of Core Groups: normally 4 to 6 JAA-NAA experts.
cjaa involvement in consultant activities
CJAA involvement in Consultant activities
  • On the following topics:
    • Potential Structure of the Agency
    • Advisory Body of Interested Panel
    • Communication and Publication Strategy
    • Rule-making
    • Enforcement
    • Standardisation
cjaa involvement in consultant activities1
CJAA involvement in Consultant activities
  • On the following topics:
    • Certification of people and organisations
    • Certification of products
    • Training and development
    • Transition and Implementation.