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SET C U.S. History Review
The major argument at the Constitutional Convention between thethe Federalists and the Anti-Federalists was over the role of the— • A. indentured servants. • B. women’s suffrage. • C. monetary currency. • D. Federal government.
Answer 1 • D. Federal government.
2 • Although the United States Supreme Court stated that the CherokeeNation in the state of Georgia could not be forcibly removed, the state ignored the ruling and forcibly removed them anyway. Which of the following represents a reason Cherokee people were forced off their land in the state of Georgia? • A. Georgia felt concerned for the welfare of the Cherokee. • B. Georgia wanted the lands for wheat production. • C. Georgia wanted to develop a tourist industry. • D. Georgia wanted the land to grow more cotton and gold had been recently found in the state of Georgia.
Answer 2 • D. Georgia wanted the land to grow more cotton and gold had been recently found in the state of Georgia.
3 • The 1823 declaration that stated the countries of the Western Hemisphere would no longer be regarded “as subjects for future colonization by any European powers” was the— • Monroe Doctrine. • Anti-Colonization Treaty. C. Adams-OnisTreaty. D. Washington’s Farewell Address.
Answer 3 A. Monroe Doctrine
Question 4 • Which excerpt of the Constitution expresses the principle of federalism? • A. “All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress ofthe United States “. • B. “The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happenduring the Recess of the Senate”. • C. “The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior”. • D. “The powers not delegated to the United States…are reserved to the States respectively”.
Answer 4 • D. “The powers not delegated to the United States…are reserved to the States respectively”.
5 • Which of the following was a defining characteristic of the Era of Good Feelings? • A. The United States ceded territory to Great Britain in an attempt to avoid war. • B. There was a renewed sense of nationalism. • C. Evangelical revivalists challenged religious traditionalists. • D. Many states called for a restructuring of the federal government.
Answer 5 • B. There was a renewed sense of nationalism
6 • Many Americans protested the United States’ war with Mexico and thought it was unnecessary because they said it was primarily a war— • A. for renewable resources • B. protecting America • C. against slavery • D. to gain territory
Answer 6 • D. to gain territory
Answer 7 • B. Sped up the process of urbanization
8 • The Declaration of Independence shares which of the following with theMagna Carta? • A. Emphasized the importance of military power. • B. Further empowerment of the government. • C. Limited influence of the legislature. • D. Certain rights were assured by the government.
Answer 8 • D. Certain rights were assured by the government.
9 • Which of the following characterized the First Great Awakening? A. Fiery sermons by religious leaders like Jonathon Edwards. B. Growth of religious enthusiasm throughout the colonies. C. The founding of new colleges and universities. D. All of the above.
Answer 9 • D. All of the above.
He has made judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of theiroffices and the amount and payment of their salaries---Declaration of Independence. Which of the following was created in response to the grievance above? • A. National Treasury • B. Presidential Cabinet • C. Electoral College • D. Supreme Court
Answer 9 • D. Supreme Court
10 • Which of the following is a responsibility of state governments underFederalism? • A. School systems • B. Postal Service • C. Economic System • D. Armed Forces
Answer 10 • A. School systems
11 • The significance of the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madisonis that— • A. it established the power of the Supreme Court to declare a lawunconstitutional. • B. it greatly strengthened state’s rights. • C. it upheld the constitutionality of the National Bank. • D. it established the separate by equal principle.
Answer 11 • A. it established the power of the Supreme Court to declare a lawunconstitutional.
12 • An “unalienable right” refers to a right that— • A. cannot be granted by the government. • B. cannot be involuntarily forfeited by a United States citizen. • C. can apply only to citizens of other countries. • D. cannot be taken away without due process.
Answer 12 • D. cannot be taken away without due process.
13 • Thomas Hooker’s Fundamental Orders of Connecticut is consideredone of the first documents that laid the foundation for with of the following? • A. Colonialism • B. Absolute Rule • C. Self-government • D. Socialism
Answer 13 • C. Self-government
14 • Which of the following founding fathers is considered the architect of theU.S. Constitution who laid out a plan to govern the country through theseparation of powers? • Abraham Lincoln • Benjamin Franklin C. James Madison D. Dred Scott
Answer 14 • C. James Madison
Question 15 • Alexander Hamilton created a three part plan to pay off the national debt: • 1.pay off all war debts • 2. raise the government revenue • 3. create a National Bank • As a result of gaining Southern support for this plan— • A. Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson forged a political alliance • B. the nation’s capital was relocated between Virginia and Maryland • C. Hamilton lost out on running in the Presidential election of 1790 • D. Thomas Jefferson was given Northern support for the Presidency
Answer 15 • B. the nation’s capital was relocated between Virginia and Maryland
16 • During the famous exchange at Jefferson’s birthday dinner party, Andrew Jackson toasted, “Our Federal Union–it must be preserved” John C. Calhoun replied with his own toast, “The Union–next to our liberty the most dear.” These remarks were meant to address— • A. That sectionalism was to be respected • B. The federal union versus states rights • C. The lack of respect for Native American lands • D. The promotion of manifest destiny
Answer 16 • B. The federal union versus states rights
17 • George Washington created the Judiciary Act of 1789 resulting in— • A. Thomas Jefferson being elected to Vice President • B. the formation of Washington’s first cabinet • C. the creation of a National Bank by Alexander Hamilton • D. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
Answer 17 • D. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
18 • Which of the following was the primary reason Alexander Hamilton urged Congress to pass a protective tariff? • A. To protect the cotton industry in the South • B. To support Southern imports. • C. To encourage citizens to buy European products • D. To encourage citizens to buy American products
19 • John C. Calhoun’s influence with Southern voters eventually resulted in the— • A. ending of the Protective Tariff and passage of the Nullification Doctrine • B. formation of the Democratic-Republican and Federalist political parties • C. acceptance of the Federal government over states rights issues • D. threaten of secession of South Carolina from the United States
Answer 19 • A. ending of the Protective Tariff and passage of the Nullification Doctrine
20 • What did Patrick Henry mean when he said that he “smelled a rat in Philadelphia tending towards monarchy?” • A. he suspected the Confederation Congress would soon name Washington as King • B. he considered the people of Philadelphia to be Loyalists and traitors • C. he believed the Constitutional Convention would create a national government that was too strong • D. he feared that the Confederation Congress might return the U.S. to the King of England
Answer 20 • C. he believed the Constitutional Convention would create a national government that was too strong
21 • The War of 1812 has been described by some historians as a “Second War of Independence.” This is because the War of 1812— • A. freed the people of the Louisiana territory from the tyranny of French rule • B. resulted in the abolition of slavery in all of the territory controlled by the United States • C. demonstrated that the United States could defend itself against attack by European nations • D. inspired the people of the United States to overthrow the government and write a new constitution
Answer 21 • C. demonstrated that the United States could defend itself against attack by European nations
22 • How did Washington’s Farewell Address impact foreign policy? • A. it made government officials unhappy • B. it caused Europe to distrust America • C. it changed the perception of America • D. it encouraged America to remain neutral
Answer #22 • D. it encouraged America to remain neutral
23 • Which President’s election was characterized by a belief in the common man and an increase in voter participation? • A. James Monroe • B. Andrew Jackson • C. John Quincy Adams • D. William H. Harrison
Answer 23 • B. Andrew Jackson
24 • President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils system increased democracy in the federal government because it • A. removed property-holding qualifications for voting • B. limited the role of the electoral college in presidential elections • C. allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office • D. used nominating conventions to pick political party candidates
Answer 24 • C. allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office