Castles and Cathedrals are two of the most recognizable structures from the Middle Ages.
Castles Castles provided a place of protection for people during the Middle Ages when they came under attack by another land- owner, also called a lord, and his army. Lords would try to conquer other territory in order to create small kingdoms. This was an attempt to re- establish government order.
Europe has many castles, leftovers from an earlier time. Castles were built during the Middles Ages as a defensive structure offering people safety from attack. Castles stopped being built when the cannon was invented.
Cathedrals Cathedrals are very large, ornate churches that were built across Europe beginning in the 1200’s, to about the 1400’s. They are beautiful structures that in many cases took over 100 years to complete.
The cathedrals were built as religious buildings of worship. • A cathedral is a building that serves as the headquarters of a bishop. • Cathedrals are still used today as churches. • Cathedrals are no longer being built because they are too expensive to build and the “old” ones are still able to be used.
Notre Dame Cathedral Paris, France