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Ethnographic Methods. Learning Objectives. 1. Identify major ethnographic techniques & what type of information is gained from each technique. 2 . Describe ethnographic techniques by identifying specific anthropological examples.

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learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • 1. Identify major ethnographic techniques & what type of information is gained from each technique.
  • 2. Describe ethnographic techniques by identifying specific anthropological examples.
  • 3. Summarize the methods used by anthropologists to study human populations.
  • 4. Identify the anthropological sub-discipline that most commonly employs ethnographic methods.
outline of lecture
Outline of lecture
  • Review of Scientific Method
  • Ethnography
    • Techniques
    • Survey Research
  • Ethical Issues
scientific method
Scientific method
  • Four basic steps:
    • Ask a question
      • what this question be based off of?
    • Formulate a hypothesis
    • Test the hypothesis
    • Come to a conclusion – accept or reject the hypothesis
      • Accept hypothesis = theory
fieldwork
Fieldwork
  • The collection of data ___ _____________________________________________
  • Ethnographic process - fieldwork
types of fieldwork
Types of fieldwork
  • Single-Sited Fieldwork
  • __________________
  • Multi-sited Fieldwork
  • ______________________ ____________________
  • Movement between _____
  • Tracing a _____________

____________________________________

el barrio anthropologist philippe bourgois
El BarrioAnthropologist: Philippe Bourgois
  • Award-winning ethno-graphic account of selling crack in El Barrio
  • Spanish Harlem – 1995:
    • Single-sited: ___________________
    • Multi-sited: ______________________ ________________________________
participant observation
Participant Observation

_________________________

_________________________

________________________

participant observation1
Participant Observation
  • Best way to ___________________________
  • ____________________________
  • Allows for mental, emotional and physical contact with the individuals
participant observation2
Participant Observation
  • Benefits
    • 1.
    • 2.
  • The Hawthorne effect:
  • 1.
observation
Observation
  • Look at everything:
  • Housing, interactions, leaders, work, organization, activities…
  • Holism
  • Obtain data – how is this done?
interviews
Interviews
  • Interviews
    • 1.
    • 2.
  • What information can be gained from these types of interviews?
dialectic of fieldwork
Dialectic of fieldwork
  • Process of building a bridge of understanding
    • Between anthropologist & informants
    • Why is this important for successful fieldwork?
  • Example: Komachi, nomadic people in Iran
    • __________________

And

    • __________________
different types of data
Different types of data
  • Qualitative
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • Quantitative
  • 1.
  • 2.
risks associated with fieldwork
Risks associated with fieldwork

Social violence

Disease

Culture shock

  • _________________________________ _________________________________

Unlikable subjects

ethics and responsibility in cultural anthropology
Ethics and Responsibility in Cultural Anthropology
  • Why did it come about?
  • Dangers for the subjects
  • AAA standard code of ethics
    • ________________________
    • ____________________