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GOD, CHINA & CAPITALISM: IS CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA THE KEY INGREDIENT FOR ECONOMIC SUCCESS?. By William Jeynes, Ph.D. Senior Fellow, Witherspoon Institute in Princeton, NJ Non-Resident Scholar, Baylor University in Waco, TX. HISTORY OF THE GROWTH OF CHRISTIANITY IN CHINA.
By William Jeynes, Ph.D.
Senior Fellow, Witherspoon Institute in Princeton, NJ
Non-Resident Scholar, Baylor University in Waco, TX
4) In the immediate aftermath of the Chinese Communist Revolution of 1949, the number of Christians stood at about 1 million.
5) Mao Tse Tung leads a mass persecution of political opponents, including Christians, and promotes atheism. He especially resists faith during the Cultural Revolution of 1966-1976.
6) Now it is estimated that the number of Christians in China is about 100 million and is growing by 6-7 million per year.
a) It is estimated that Christians constituted about 30% of those who protested in the Tiananmen Square uprising uprising of 1989.
1) A Sense of Calling- Directed by divine reason and more determined and passionate than others. A number believe there is a strong relationship between a sense of calling & the work ethic.
a) These people often have an “ascetic spirit,” which
often comes with a sense of purpose (God’s).
2) Honesty- Weber argued that this was necessary for trust to exist in society and trust was essential to encourage economic transactions.
a) Calvin/Weber- Most likely to emerge in societies
that discourage materialism.
Martin Riesebrodt (2005, p. 25): “Having
studied the civilizations of India and China
for several years, Weber had a much
better understanding of what he regarded
as the basic differences between these
civilizations and the West.”
HINDUISM- 1) Hindus are born & not made. In its very essence, there is a large degree of passivity.
2) Hinduism’s caste system is not conducive to instilling in people a work ethic that is grounded in a hope in the future and that better days can lie ahead in which one rises above his or her present state to a higher level (Anderson, 1957).
3) Hinduism is more of a judgmental religion with its belief in “bad karma” and reincarnation.
4) There is an increased openness to Christianity in India, especially because of #3 (above).
Weber believed that Confucianism caused China and nations such
as Japan and Korea to follow an entirely differently economic and
cultural trajectory than in Protestant/Christian-based Europe.
WHERE CHRISTIANITY DECLINES, RELATIVE ECONOMIC STRENGTH DECLINES.
THE UNITED STATES MUST EITHER
RECOGNIZE THIS RELATIONSHIP OR
BECOME ACCUSTOMED TO A LONG
PERIOD OF RELATIVE ECONOMIC
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE SPECIFIC
ACTIONS THAT CAN BE TAKEN?
THESE ARE SOME OF MY RECOMMENDATIONS, WHICH IN SOME RESPECTS ARE SIMILAR TO THE FAITH-BASED ECONOMIC PACKAGE THAT I PRESENTED TO SOUTH KOREA IN 1998