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A Strategic Review of Work-Based Learning in Virginia: Expanding Opportunities for Students . Office of Career and Technical Education Services Virginia Department of Education April 3, 2014. Work-Based Learning (WBL). AGENDA Welcome Anne Rowe, Coordinator, Curriculum and Instruction

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a strategic review of work based learning in virginia expanding opportunities for students

A Strategic Review of Work-Based Learning in Virginia: Expanding Opportunities for Students

Office of Career and Technical Education Services

Virginia Department of Education

April 3, 2014

work based learning wbl
Work-Based Learning (WBL)

AGENDA

  • Welcome

Anne Rowe, Coordinator, Curriculum and Instruction

Sharon Acuff, Specialist, Marketing and Related Clusters

  Virginia Department of Education

Office of Career and Technical Education Services

  •  Work-Based Learning (WBL) – Sharon Acuff
    • The Strategic Review
    • Descriptions
  • Work-Based Learning Categories and Recommendations

Anne Rowe

  • Wrap Up and Announcements – Anne Rowe
work based learning wbl1
Work-Based Learning (WBL)

Work-based learning is a coordinated, coherent sequence of on-the-job experiences that are:

  • Related to students’ career goals or interests
  • Based on instructional preparation
  • Performed in partnership with local businesses, industries, or other organizations in the community
purposes of the wbl review
Purposes of the WBL Review
  • Redefine the WBL methods used to provide

on-the-job experiences for students

  • Refocus WBL procedures and guidelines to accomplish the following objectives:
    • Guarantee direct connections between a student’s WBL experience and his/her program of study and career goals;
    • Ensure relevant learning in the workplace;
    • Ensure that every WBL experience can lead to an in-demand, high-skill, high-wage job/career; and
    • Increase flexibility for school divisions in designing and operating WBL experiences.
work based learning wbl2
Work-Based Learning (WBL)

The Review Process:

Step 1

  • Research, review, and analysis of national trends in WBL, literature relevant to WBL, and the current status of WBL in Virginia schools
  • Survey—Virginia CTE Administrators
work based learning wbl3
Work-Based Learning (WBL)
  • Convene Task Force—business and industry training supervisors, CTE administrators, CTE teachers, special education teachers, parents, school counselors, division superintendents, and instructional specialists.

Facilitators for the review included the University of Virginia Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, Virginia’s CTE Resource Center, and the Office of Career and Technical Education of the Virginia Department of Education.

virginia cte administrators survey responses
Virginia CTE Administrators Survey Responses

Sixty-four CTE administrators replied to a survey developed for the WBL review. Major findings from the survey are:

  • Job shadowing and cooperative education are the most commonly used methods but many indicated their interest in offering other valuable methods.
  • The main value administrators reported for WBL experiences is the assistance provided in helping students obtain jobs after high school or complete postsecondary programs, including college.
virginia cte administrators survey responses1
Virginia CTE Administrators Survey Responses
  • The major reason indicated for unsuccessful WBL experiences is ill-fitting student placements that do not match students’ career goals or plans of study.
expanding and improving wbl experiences in virginia
Expanding and Improving WBL Experiences in Virginia

Research for the review indicated the following strategies for expanding and improving WBL experiences in Virginia:

  • Select relevant, worthwhile WBL experiences, and monitor them;
  • Prepare students for the WBL experience;
  • Determine goals for the specific WBL experience being offered; and
  • Provide instructional activities targeted to learning goals.
work based learning wbl4
Work-Based Learning (WBL)

Step 2:Develop guidelines for imple-mentation and dissemination

Step 3: Conduct Virtual training statewide

Step 4: Provide face-to-face training for cooperative education

The strategic review report will soon be available on the VDOE/CTE Web site at http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/career_technical/work-based_learning/index.shtml

overview of wbl methods
Overview of WBL Methods

Work-based learning enables students to apply classroom instruction in a real—world business or service-oriented work environment.

The seven different WBL methods of instruction currently practiced in Virginia are listed and redefined as follows in order from the lowest to highest degree of involvement:

overview of wbl methods1
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Job shadowing is a school-coordinated method of short-term, career-exploration in which the student interviews a competent worker about his/her job and industry and “shadows” (follows) the worker to observe the performance of a variety of job tasks. It is less intensive than the other methods and is usually the first form of workplace assignment given to a student.
overview of wbl methods2
Overview of WBL Methods

Prior to job shadowing, the student receives instruction about careers and the process of career choice, develops appropriate questions to ask, and learns the rules and guidelines for grooming, dress, and behavior in the workplace.

overview of wbl methods3
Overview of WBL Methods

Once the student has identified a career interest, path, or goal, job shadowing helps the student make informed career decisions and focus his/ her studies. Job shadowing does not provide a standard unit of credit, but the student may enhance his/her class grade through the experience.

overview of wbl methods4
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Mentorship is a structured, school-coordinated method that enables the student to learn about the industry and the workplace from a selected worker who has a recognized record of achievement in the occupational field. It requires student preparation, including career exploration prior to the experience.
overview of wbl methods5
Overview of WBL Methods

Mentorship is more complex than job shadowing but less demanding and often of shorter duration than internship or service learning. Mentorship does not provide a standard unit of credit, but the student may enhance his/her class grade through the experience.

overview of wbl methods6
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Service learning is a school-coordinated method in which the student engages in community-service work for a specified number of hours in order to gain developmental experience. Students and teachers cooperate with local leaders to address community problems and issues, resulting in service to the community and in personal, workplace-readiness-skill, academic-skill, and citizenship development for students.
overview of wbl methods7
Overview of WBL Methods

Students engage in critical, reflective thinking and experience the relationship of theory and practice. Service learning does not provide a standard unit of credit, but the student may enhance his/her class grade through the experience.

overview of wbl methods8
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Internship is a planned, progressive, structured method coordinated by the school that places the student in a real workplace environment in order to develop and practice career-related knowledge and skills needed for a specific entry-level job. An internship can be either introductory (short-term) or extended (lasting a summer, a semester, or an entire school year and involving a specified number of hours in the training agreement).
overview of wbl methods9
Overview of WBL Methods

Interns may be paid or unpaid. An internship provides hands-on experience in a particular industry or occupation related to the student’s career interests, abilities, and goals, and allows him/her to document job-related experiences.*

* Federal legislation from April 2010 provides for determination as to whether or not interns must be paid the minimum wage and overtime under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) for the services that they provide to private sector “for-profit” employers. Educators must meet the “Test for Unpaid Interns” (6 criteria) if they are placing students in unpaid internships. Otherwise, the students must follow the FLSA for paid internships. Source: http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/whdfs71.htm.

overview of wbl methods10
Overview of WBL Methods

Prior to an internship, the student receives the established criteria and guidelines from the workplace supervisor; and throughout the internship, the supervisor evaluates the student. Internship does not provide a standard unit of credit, but the student may enhance his/her class grade through the experience.

Handout—Fact Sheet #71: Internship Programs Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

overview of wbl methods11
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Clinical experience is a form of cooperative education for Health and Medical Sciences students, except that students are not paid for their clinical work. Clinical experience is coordinated by the school and provides the student with an opportunity to integrate knowledge acquired in the classroom with clinical practice, and it affords practice of the basic skills, behaviors, and attitudes needed for professional competence in the healthcare field.
overview of wbl methods12
Overview of WBL Methods

Clinical experience is based on observation and treatment of patients at different stages of medical practice. These experiences place students in a variety of healthcare settings so they may better understand the scope of the profession and healthcare needs.

overview of wbl methods13
Overview of WBL Methods

Like cooperative education, clinical experience is closely supervised, qualifies students for credit toward graduation, and requires a significant number of on-site hours (set by the Virginia Board of Nursing or the Virginia Department of Health).

overview of wbl methods14
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Student apprenticeship is a WBL method that provides the student with opportunities to use job skills and reinforces academic instruction under the guidance of a supervisor in a specific occupational area. Student apprentices are paid for their work.
overview of wbl methods15
Overview of WBL Methods

Like cooperative education, student apprenticeship is closely supervised by the school and the occupational supervisor, qualifies students for credit toward graduation, and requires a significant number of on-site hours (up to a maximum of 20 hours per week). Student apprenticeship is designed to lead students directly into an entry-level job, a registered apprenticeship, or a postsecondary program.

overview of wbl methods16
Overview of WBL Methods
  • Cooperative education is a career-preparation WBL method that combines CTE classroom instruction with paid employment that is directly related to the student’s plan of study. The school and the employer plan, coordinate, and supervise the instruction and employment so that each contributes directly to the student’s career objectives and employability.
overview of wbl methods17
Overview of WBL Methods

Virginia students may earn credit toward graduation for cooperative education experiences, and they normally work between 11 and 15 hours per week to achieve a minimum of 396 hours. Currently, there are 236 CTE courses being taught in Virginia that provide students with the option to participate in a cooperative education experience.

categories
Categories

The seven WBL methods can be grouped into three categories with three different primary goals

  • Career-Exploration WBL Methods (Job Shadowing, Mentorship, Introductory Internship)
  • Foster career and workplace awareness
  • Promote career exploration
  • Strengthen motivation and informed decision-making skills
categories1
Categories

2. Pre-professional WBL Methods (Extended Internship, Service Learning)

  • Deepen career and workplace knowledge
  • Develop personal qualities and workplace readiness skills
  • Impart beginning professional skills
categories2
Categories

3.Career-Preparation WBL Methods (Clinical Experience, Student Apprenticeship, Cooperative Education)

  • Develop technical knowledge and skills necessary for entry into a specific occupation
  • Strengthen career awareness, workplace readiness, and personal development
recommendations
Recommendations

Based on current research and input from administrators, teachers, and stakeholders, this report recommends the following for Virginia’s CTE programs:

  • Organize WBL methods into three categories, each with distinct and clearly articulated goals.
  • Support each WBL method with goal-oriented classroom instruction.
recommendations continued
RecommendationsContinued
  • Recognize that pre-professional WBL methods can be workable as well as cost-effective because the fewer hours involved will often suit students who have limited time for WBL due to their class loads and participation in extracurricular activities.
  • Make workplace readiness an essential instructional goal of all WBL experiences. Combining WBL and the development of workplace readiness skills can be an effective use of teacher and student time.
recommendations continued1
RecommendationsContinued
  • Continually explore opportunities for application of proven best practices in the area of virtual WBL methods. An increasing range of such practices is expected to become available over the next decade or so.
  • Build a strong network of business/industry and community partnerships to support student training experiences.
  • Implement meaningful strategies for employer outreach and engagement in the students’ learning process.
next steps
NEXT STEPS
  • Superintendent’s announcement of A Strategic Review of Work-Based Learning in Virginia: Expanding Opportunities for Students
  • Release of guidelines for work-based learning by late spring
  • Archive today’s virtual session for additional training
  • Provide face-to-face training for cooperative education:
    • July 8 and 9, 2014
    • Courtyard by Marriott Richmond North
    • Glen Allen, Virginia (Richmond area)
  • Provide WBL updates--summer professional conferences
professional development
Professional Development
  • Please take a few minutes to provide feedback about the benefit of this technical assistance video streaming session. Your input will be useful in our planning efforts for future video training sessions. The Survey Monkey link for the online evaluation is https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/L5BGL6Y.
  • To obtain the full list of CTE video steaming training sessions

for administrators and educators, go to the professional development page on the state CTE Web site.

http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/career_technical/professional_development/index.shtml

slide41

Contact Information:

Virginia Department of Education

Office of Career and Technical Education Services

CTE@doe.virginia.gov

804-225-2051