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Handling Manure, Growing Feed, and Rules about Urban Chickens Nick Schneider Winnebago County Agriculture Agent June 1, PowerPoint Presentation
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Handling Manure, Growing Feed, and Rules about Urban Chickens Nick Schneider Winnebago County Agriculture Agent June 1, 2011. What will endanger the urban chicken movement?. What will endanger the urban chicken movement?. Neighbors upset about odor Perceptions of poor animal care

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slide1

Handling Manure, Growing Feed, and Rules about Urban Chickens

Nick Schneider

Winnebago County Agriculture Agent

June 1, 2011

what will endanger the urban chicken movement1
What will endanger the urban chicken movement?
  • Neighbors upset about odor
  • Perceptions of poor animal care
  • Public health concerns
  • Noise
  • Pest/Flies
  • Environment
  • What else?
how to handle chicken manure
How to handle chicken manure?
  • Fecal-Oral bacteria Examples: Salmonella and Campylobacter
  • Clean nest boxes once per week to remove dirty litter
  • Remove and bed regularly when moist
  • Wash hands and/or wear gloves when cleaning pens
  • Anticipate around 75 pounds per year per hen
manure nutrient content solid
Manure Nutrient Content - Solid

First-year available nutrient content averages.1

SPECIES N P2O5 K

- - - - - - - - - - - lbs/ton - - - - - - - - - - -

Dairy 3 (4)2 3 7

Beef 4 (5) 5 9

Horse 3 (4) 4 8

Swine 7 (9) 6 7

Chicken 20 (24) 30 24

1 Source: Wisconsin soil test labs.

2 Use values in parenthesis for incorporated manure.

manure gases
Manure Gases
  • May or may not have odor.
  • Two gases are lighter than air and two gases are heavier than air.

Methane

Ammonia

Hydrogen sulfide

Carbon Dioxide

Manure

how to dispose of chicken manure
How to dispose of chicken manure?

Fresh Disposal or Compost?

  • Cattle manure rate: aprx ¾ to 1 lb per 1 ft2
  • Poultry manure rate: aprx 0.1 to 0.2 lb per 1 ft2
  • Flower beds preferred – watch for ammonia and salt burn.
  • Bury to reduce odor and burn, and save N.
  • Vegetable garden: 120 days from harvest if soil contact or 90 days without soil contact.
how to dispose of chicken manure1
How to dispose of chicken manure?

Fresh Disposal or Compost?

  • In-vessel or Sealed bin.
  • Turning the compost generates heat. 131-170F for 3 days.
  • Heat kills weed seed and many insects, diseases, and bacteria.
  • Reduces volume.
  • Finished compost can then be spread on the garden, flowerbed, or lawn.
what is composting

Compost

What is Composting?
  • A system that speeds up natural process of decay
  • Living microbes and other organisms do the work

Changes organic matter into a humus-rich soil amendment

From UW Master Gardener Program

wisconsin s recycling law
Wisconsin’s Recycling Law
  • In January 1993, Wisconsin’s Recycling Law banned yard waste from landfills & most incinerators.
  • No leaves, grass clippings, garden debris or twigs, brush & branches smaller than 6 inches in diameter can go to landfills.

From UW Master Gardener Program

compost basics
Compost Basics
  • Bacteria
  • Carbon
  • Nitrogen
  • Oxygen
  • Water
  • Macroorganisms

Temperature

From UW Master Gardener Program

achieving balance
Achieving Balance
  • Proper carbon : nitrogen ratio

By Volume: 2-3 parts Brown to one part Green

By Weight: Equal weights

Brown

Green

From UW Master Gardener Program

when is it done
When is it Done?
  • Most plant parts are indistinguishable
  • Has an earthy smell
  • Is crumbly
  • Doesn’t reheat after turning

End up with about 1/3 original volume

From UW Master Gardener Program

slide15
Bins
  • Commercial
    • Many styles
    • Usually plastic, often recycled material
  • Home-built
    • Don’t use lumber treated with CCA
hot pile method
Hot Pile Method
  • Thin layer of coarse materials
  • Equal weights of brown and green
  • Water layers as it is built
  • Finish with brown
  • Turn at least 2 times during the first 7-10 days
  • Then turn every week or two
  • Water when turning; keep as damp as a wrung-out sponge
grow your own feed
Grow Your Own Feed
  • 50 pounds of conventional chicken feed $12-$15
  • Organic chicken feed: $20-$30 per 50 pounds
  • Using 4 oz feed per day, a 50 pound bag can last 200 days per bird

What does it take to grow 50 pounds of feed?

grow your own feed1
Grow Your Own Feed

What does it take to grow 50 pounds of feed?

100 bu/acre corn = 400 ft2

60 bu/acre oats = 1050 ft2

2000 pounds/acre sunflower = 1090 ft2

Barley and wheat have awns – very itchy

Will these be a balanced meal? Not enough protein or minerals like calcium.

summer foraging
Summer Foraging

Chicken tractor

Chapter 9 Biological weed management

Integrated Weed Management: “One Year’s Seeding . . . .”

slide20

Eradication of yellow nutsedge by pasture chickens. Source: Mayton

Chapter 9 Biological weed management

Integrated Weed Management: “One Year’s Seeding . . . .”

urban chicken poultry ordinances

Urban Chicken / Poultry Ordinances

Which municipalities have them?

common chicken ordinance themes

Common Chicken Ordinance Themes:

Bird limit (4 is common)

No roosters

No slaughter

Premises registration (state and local)

Enclosure guidelines

Set-backs from buildings and lot lines (25 ft)

- Similar to Neenah and Madison

chicken ordinance themes to watch for

Chicken ordinance themes to watch for:

Inspection lacking deadlines and corrective appeals

Chicken mansion enclosures

Permission from neighbors

- Similar to Oshkosh

how do you help create an urban poultry ordinance

How do you help create an urban poultry ordinance?

Be respectful of all positions

Refer to poultry as pets, not livestock

Stay organized

Be willing to educate neighbors, friends, and community members

Be prepared to answer concerns people have

Do you research