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The Chemistry Of Dirt. What is Dirt Made OF?. So, How do atoms Hook Together to make compounds and minerals and stuff like dirt?. …… Well, I’m Glad you asked That question – But you need to hear a story first!!!!. A Story About Earnest Rutherford in 1898.

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So how do atoms hook together to make compounds and minerals and stuff like dirt l.jpg
So, How do atoms Hook Together to make compounds and minerals and stuff like dirt?

…… Well, I’m Glad you asked That question – But you need to hear a story first!!!!


A story about earnest rutherford in 1898 l.jpg
A Story About minerals and stuff like dirt?Earnest Rutherford in 1898

  • Who used a led box with a radioactive compound in it to unveil the makeup of the atom.


Atomic number l.jpg

Atomic number minerals and stuff like dirt?

The number of protons

and

electrons in an atom


Atomic mass l.jpg

Atomic Mass minerals and stuff like dirt?

The number of protons

+

Neutrons in an atom


Isotope l.jpg

Isotope minerals and stuff like dirt?

Atoms with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons


Counting electrons l.jpg
Counting Electrons minerals and stuff like dirt?

Total Electrons and Valence Electrons

Valence Electrons – number of electrons

in the outer shell of an atom

The valence Electrons are the only ones used in Bonding

Hey, ….. That number matches the group number

on my periodic table in a way!!!!


Valence electrons l.jpg
Valence Electrons minerals and stuff like dirt?

8 valence e-

1 valence e-

3 valence e-

6 valence e-

4 valence e-

5 valence e-

7 valence e-

2 valence e-


Ionic bond l.jpg
Ionic Bond minerals and stuff like dirt?

bond formed by the giving or

taking of electrons


Properties of ionic compounds l.jpg
Properties of Ionic Compounds minerals and stuff like dirt?

Formed from a metal and a non metal

Most are soluble in water

Form crystalline lattices


Covalent bond l.jpg
Covalent Bond minerals and stuff like dirt?

bond formed by the Sharing

of electrons


Properties of covalent compounds l.jpg
Properties of Covalent minerals and stuff like dirt?Compounds

Formed by two nonmetals

Solubility varies

The strongest bond


Polar covalent bond l.jpg
Polar Covalent Bond minerals and stuff like dirt?

Bond formed with the unequal sharing of electrons due to one atom being more electronegative

Electrongeativity -The attraction an atom has for a pair of shared electrons

S+

S-

S-


Slide24 l.jpg

More Electronegative minerals and stuff like dirt?


Metallic bond l.jpg
Metallic Bond minerals and stuff like dirt?

A bond between metal atoms that allows electrons to freely flow throughout the material


Slide26 l.jpg

Relationship Between Bonds minerals and stuff like dirt?


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