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Can Computers Think? • Turing test: if a computer performs like a human being, it can be said to think Alan Turing (1912-54) • Thinking or understanding involves more than syntax (i.e., following a program or manipulating symbols according to rules as in the Chinese Room); it involves a semantics, being aware of what following the program means or interpreting an intended action John Searle (1932 - )
Is Artificial Intelligence Possible? • If computers were programmed in the same way humans are raised, their functional behavior might be intentional Bill Lycan (1945 - ) • Computers could be said to engage in intentional (thoughtful) behavior only if they are conscious and able to think of things as meaningful or important (which they cannot do) John Haugeland (1945 - )