Irigaray Mankind The Rights of Man Man and God at Yale Act like a man! The History of Man Phallocentrism Phallocratism
Imitation and Play • Men are better than women at math.
Traffic in Women • Bromance
Feminism: Voice • Ecriture Feminine: a style of writing written from the feminine position, for women readers. • Poetics of the body: feminine writing as attempt to represent the female body, experience outside of the patriarchal system of representation.
Ecriture Feminine • Male Body: Organized, linear, teleological, forceful • Female Body: fluid, formless, chaotic (good), collaborative
Gynocritique • Madwoman in the attic: marginal position of women location of female authorship. • Marginality, the “attic,” becomes a site of female resistance. • Female Resistance: of patriarchal designations of woman’s values, lives, capacities. • Marginal position a source of power.
Feminist Reading • Critique of male-centered perspective • “Rip Van Winkle”: the shrew (b-tch) figure the condition of “our” sympathy for Rip. • Townspeople assume his “henpecked status”; text provides stand-in for readerly disapproval of the wife. • Whatever else we are to make of the story, Dame van Winkle’s “virago” status is unassailable.
Summary • Ecriture Feminine • Gynocriticism • Feminist Reading