The term Renaissance was coined by the Humanist writer Francesco Petrarch It means “Rebirth”. What was the Renaissance. Rebirth of what?. Classical works of antiquity: The Greeks and the Romans: Education Art Science and invention. Architecture. Art. Invention.
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The term Renaissance was coined by the Humanist writer Francesco Petrarch It means “Rebirth” What was the Renaissance Rebirth of what? Classical works of antiquity: The Greeks and the Romans: Education Art Science and invention Architecture Art Invention
Where did the Renaissance start The City-states of Italy • Humanist thinkers studied the ancient world and all of their great achievements Didn’t do this during the dark ages – Manorial system – most people were poor The renaissance was the time of trade and more people became wealthy and could afford the time and afford the price of an education and art The renaissance was mainly for the wealthy and upper middle classes. Life for the poor was not changed much – except for what they could see going on around them • Thinking changed to a Humanist point of view – Individuals and their deeds are important. There was more to life than just scripture • Italy was not a country – It was divided into city-states • This means that their were no kings or lords to stop them • The Rich merchants ruled these cities • Rome, controlled by the Pope, tried to keep pace with the growing powerful city-states • It was a time of competition and warfare between these states
Page 356 in your textbook • It was also a time of political change – Do you think Machiavelli’s quote reflects Renaissance thought "A controversy has arisen about this: whether it is better to be loved than feared, or vice versa. My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved. . . . Men are less hesitant about offending or harming a ruler who makes himself less loved than one who inspires fear. For love is sustained by a bond of gratitude, which because men are excessively self-interested, is broken whenever they see a chance to benefit themselves. But fear is sustained by a dread of punishment that is always effective." —Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince Humanist thought dictated that a person’s life is important…it is important to help all humanity Does this hold true in the United states in 2011
It was also a time of social change – How do you think Castiglione’s quote reflects Renaissance thought The gentleman, would speak not always of serious subjects but also of amusing things, such as games and jests and jokes, according to the occasion. He should always, of course, speak out fully and frankly, and avoid talking nonsense. Women should know how to choose topics suitable for the kind of person she is addressing…she should not introduce…jests and jokes into a discussion about serious things. She should not…[pretend] to know what she does not know, but should seek modestly to win credit for knowing what she does. Baldassare Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier Where do you think this fits in, in 2011
Politics and Society were often mergedas was the case with Sir Thomas More and his ideal society - Utopia What do you think of when you hear the word Utopia ". . . wherever you are, you always have to work. There's never any excuse for idleness. . . . Everyone has his eye on you, so you're practically forced to get on with your job, and make some proper use of your spare time. Under such a system, there's bound to be plenty of everything, and, as everything is divided equally among the entire population, there obviously can't be any poor people or beggars." Thomas More, Utopia What part of his thinking do you like and what part don’t you like About 300 years after this was written another person really liked this idea Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto
How did Renaissance thought Spread beyond Italy Renaissance thought was slowed in the north for several reasons • Geography • Further away from trade • Mountains and seas were difficult and took time to travel • Feudal ideas or Strong nobles controlled the flow of information • The north was more religious in nature and had a hard time breaking from religious thinking • Yes it is coming into WKCE season • If the Hanseatic league city of London wanted to trade with the Muslims along the Eastern coast of the Sea what would they trade. • What type of common product did Muslims of Asia and Africa trade. How about of Africa and Europe • What were the two commonitities traded in Kiev
Who knows what this is • Mr. Dueling – digital arts room • This Is the class that I received most of my detentions • This is what I had to use to do my homework in high school • Advantages? What was the 15th Century Equivalent? This revolutionized the world • This is what you use to do your homework in school. • Portable • Corrects mistakes easily • Identifies mistakes that you have made • When accompanied with the Internet it provides research material • Multiple copies easily with a printer • Stores a copy for reference and easy editing
Gutenberg’s Impact • The cost of books decreased • More people could afford to buy them – and throw them away • More people learned to read • Printing press technology spread throughout Europe • The speed of information (renaissance ideas) • Led to Papal control of what was printed • Helped lead to the inquisition • Sped the ideas of reformation • Scribe guilds stopped
How did the Renaissance effect the North • Remember the ideas of a perfect world – Utopia – Thomas More • He challenged leadership and the people • His boss – Henry the VIII challenged the church – started his own • This was bad for Thomas – Henry did what Henry does • Queen Elizabeth I (Henry VIII’s daughter) embraced new thought and sought out visionaries like: • William Shakespeare • Sir Francis Drake – first to circumnavigate the globe for England • Sir Walter Raleigh – colonization in America • Art of every kind flourished throughout Northern Europe
Your Plan? • How did you choose to acquire this information • Here are your opportunities – you do what you think you need to do • Notes from this power point cover the general target topics – not a lot of detail • Chapter 15 section 1 & 2 (page 354-362) cover the material in better detail • Chapter 15 section 1& 2 have section review questions that you can try and answer to check your understanding • If you know the answers – good • If you don’t know the answers you may want to write them out • ASK QUESTIONS – get interested Exam questions will come from both Power Point and the book
Causes for the Renaissance • How did the new ideas get to Italy and where did they come from • In a paragraph reflect on what you know about the renaissance Write these questions down What do you mean why? To better your understanding - duh