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UNIT 13 The Media. PartA_1. Communicative Function. Notes. Listening Strategy. Useful Expressions. Describing Things In daily life we often describe things to others. In our descriptions, we talk about size, shape, color and so on.

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parta 1
PartA_1

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Describing Things
  • In daily life we often describe things to others. In our descriptions, we talk about size, shape, color and so on.
  • Listen to the conversation and supply the missing information in the blanks.
parta 11
PartA_1

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Color: orange
  • Shape: rectangular
  • Material: wool
  • Usage: to keep warm
  • The present: a woolen scarf

________

____________

_____

_______________

_______________

parta 1 script
PartA_1_script

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

parta 2
PartA_2

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • There are a variety of shapes. The common adjectives about shapes are round, square (正方形), oval (橢圆形), long, angular (尖角形), rectangular (长方形) and so on.
parta 3
PartA_3

Communicative Function

Notes

Useful Expressions

Listening Strategy

  • Filling in Forms
  • In everyday life we often have to fill in different kinds of forms. Knowing how to fill in a form is a skill we must learn. Before filling in a form it is important to find out what kind of information is required and where to write the relevant details.
  • Now listen to the recordingand then complete the student information card.
parta 31
PartA_3

Communicative Function

Notes

Useful Expressions

Listening Strategy

  • Student Information
  • Name Betty Li
  • Date of birth August 19th, 1990
  • Sex Female
  • Date of entering the university August 31st, 2008
  • Address Room 420, No 1 Residence Hall for students
  • Education graduated from No. 3 Girls High School in Shanghai
  • Interests writing, painting and music

________

___________________

________

__________________

_________________________________________________

___________

__________

_______________________________

parta 3 script
PartA_3_script

Communicative Function

Notes

Useful Expressions

Listening Strategy

Betty Li graduated from No. 3 Girls High School in Shanghai in the summer of 2008. She enrolled in the Department of Chinese at Northwest University on August 31st, 2008. Betty lives on campus. She lives in Room 420 of No. 1 Residence Hall for students. Her phone number is 52167739.

Betty was born on August 19th, 1990. She is interested in writing, painting and music. She hopes to become a writer when she finishes college.

parta 4
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • Useful Expressions for Describing Things

Asking for Descriptions

  • How big is (the living room)?
  • How heavy is (this down jacket)?
  • How does (the computer) work?
  • What’s (the shopping bag) made of?
  • What’s (this tool) used for?
parta 41
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • What color are (the walls)?
  • What size are (the shoes)?
  • What does (your new apartment) look like?
  • Can you describe (the house / flat you have just moved in)?
  • Tell me about (the kitchen).
parta 42
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

Describing Things

  • It’s (dark blue).
  • It’s (round).
  • It’s made of (wood / plastic / leather).
  • It’s (quite long and rather wide).
parta 43
PartA_4

Communicative Function

Notes

Listening Strategy

Useful Expressions

  • It’s (a multi-storey building).
  • It’s (in the center of the town).
  • It’s (quite modern).
  • It looks like (a TV set).
partb 1
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Here are some sentences and structures that you might
  • find handy in discussing the questions in Pair Work:
  • Radio and TV connect us to the outside world / tell us what is happening near and far / shortens the distance between us and the outside world.
  • I listen to news / English news / music / story-telling / sports / talk of the day / economic news on the radio while I’m getting up / having breakfast / on my way to class / before I go to bed …
partb 11
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • I like to leave my radio on while I’m reading / working on my homework / waiting for a bus / riding on a train …
  • I enjoy listening to / watching … program most. I think it’s terrific / fascinating / moving / funny / informative / instructive / amusing / relaxing / entertaining / romantic …
  • I like small portable radios. You can carry one with you wherever you go.
  • Many people catch the latest news on their car radio.
  • I often watch sports / discovery channel programs / travel programs / talk shows / quiz shows / soap operas / variety shows on TV.
partb 12
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • I prefer TV to radio. TV is visual / not only tells you what is happening but also lets you see it with your own eyes / brings the outside world right into your room.
  • One picture is worth a thousand words.
  • Compared with radio, everything on television is more lifelike, vivid and real.
  • Television takes up too much of our time. We no longer have enough time to develop other interests.
partb 13
PartB_1

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Life without TV or radio is possible today ’cause we’ve got the Internet, which presents us a more colorful world.
  • I think turning off TV one night or two a week is a good thing / will give us more time to be with our family or friends.
partb 1 2
PartB_1_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • Questions for Discussion
  • Do you often listen to the radio?
  • What kind of radio programs do you listen to? What do you think of them?
  • Do you often watch TV?
partb 1 21
PartB_1_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

  • What TV programs do you like watching?
  • Which do you like better, radio or television? Why?
  • What role do radio and TV play in your life?
  • Can you imagine a life without TV or radio?
partb 1 2 demo
PartB_1_2_demo

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

partb 1 2 demo2
PartB_1_2_demo2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Language Focus

Pair Work

partb 2
PartB_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 1. adapt v. to adjust 适应
  • 2. imaginative a. using or having imagination 富有想象力的
  • 3. visual a. gained by seeing, visible 视觉的,看得见的
  • 4. flexible a. adaptable 灵活的,适应性强的
  • 5. portable a. movable; quite small and light 便携的,手提式的
partb 21
PartB_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 6. jog v. to run slowly and steadily 慢跑
  • 7. access n. means of obtaining 取得……的途径
  • 8. interval n. a period of time between events, activities, etc. 间隔
  • 9. interactive a. influencing or having an effect on each other 交互的,互动的
partb 2 2
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • Background information
  • From its appearance at the beginning of the 20th century, radio had been a major provider of news and entertainment until television came into being. The early models of the modern television appeared in the 1920s but its popularity did not begin until after World War II, especially until after color TV became available in the 1960s. Today TV sets are much more sophisticated. Not only are they attached with remote
partb 2 21
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • control, but they can be hooked to VCR, VCD, DVD and even to the Internet. So it is not surprising that more and more people now watch TV to get news, sports, and a great variety of entertainment. Yet television cannot completely replace radio. Many people still like radio because of its compactness in size. Radio also survives as a major part of a tape recorder, a hi-fi and a necessary component of a car. To adapt to the invention of TV, radio has also made great changes in its system, and in the way it presents programs.
partb 2 22
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • The stereo system, for example, is successful in winning music lovers to radio programs.
  • 2. portable television
  • a television set about 3" in size and can easily be carried or moved
  • 3. at regular half-hour or hourly intervals
  • (the program is broadcast on the radio) every half hour or every hour
partb 2 23
PartB_2_2

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 4. Many radio programs are interactive …
  • Program hosts or hostesses can get immediate feedback from their listeners and they can discuss a topic on the air. With TV, however, audience interaction is more difficult. The usual way is to send out a TV crew to bring in live coverage of people’s response to some event.
  • 5. live on air
  • Listeners’ thoughts or opinions can be heard on the radio at the moment they are spoken rather than later on a recording.
partb 2 3
PartB_2_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • Listen to the recording once and choose the right answers to the questions you hear.
  • 1. a. The advantages of radio over television. b. The difference between radio and television. c. The changes made to radio programs. d. The reasons for the unpopularity of TV programs.
partb 2 31
PartB_2_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

  • 2.
  • a. The invention of television is a failure.
  • b. The invention of television has had a great impact on radio.
  • c. Radio definitely has a larger audience than television does.
  • d. Radio will not easily be replaced by television.
partb 2 4
PartB_2_4

_____

________

_________

_____________

________

____

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Listen to the recording once again and fill in the chart with the missing information.

__________

______

_____________

____________

________

___

_________________

partb 2 script
PartB_2_Script

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Word Bank

Language and Cultural Notes

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

partb 3
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Listen to the conversations and repeat after the recording. Practise the conversations with your partner, playing the role of A or B. Then work with your partner to create your own conversations by replacing the underlined parts with your own words.
partb 31
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: When I was around sixteen years old, I liked to 1) lie in bed late at night and listen to the radio.
  • B: What sort of programs did you listen to?
  • A: I was a teenager then, so of course I liked to listen to 2) music. But I was also 3) keen on4) talk shows.
  • B: You could concentrate on conversations in the middle of the night?
  • A: 5) In a way. You see, I like this feeling of being connected to the outside world, yet at the same time comfortable and safe at home in my bed.
partb 32
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • B: 6) I prefer watching TV. It’s more 7) exciting.
  • A: 8) Oh, of course I love TV too, and movies. But they are entirely different experiences from listening to the radio.
  • B: Yes, they’re intensely visual.
  • A: And much more passive. You just sit back and let the images happen to you.
  • B: 9) It may be so, but I still prefer TV to the radio.
partb 33
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Substitution
  • 1) sit in bed late at night and listen to the radio / listen to the radio until lat at night
  • 2) pop songs
  • 3) fond of / greatly interested in
  • 4) quiz programs / news stories
partb 34
PartB_3

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • 5) to some extent
  • 6) I would rather watch TV / I like watching TV better.
  • 7) interesting / stimulating
  • 8) Oh, I certainly enjoy watching TV, and movies as well.
  • 9) You may be right.
partb 3 b
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • A: You know, 1) these days television has by far become the dominant medium.
  • B: 2) That’s understandable. Television has such a powerful visual impact.
  • A: 3) There’s also that old saying: “One picture is worth a thousand words.”
  • B: And television is an endless sequence of “pictures”, isn’t it?
  • A: 4) Right. Radio used to be an important source of news, but now 5) everybody turns to television for news.
partb 3 b1
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • B: And for entertainment too.
  • A: But 6) radio will never be totally replaced by television, I think.
  • B: Yes, it’s 7) important to people who are busy doing other things, like cooking or driving.
  • A: That’s right. You can’t be driving and watching TV at the same time, can you?
  • B: 8) Certainly not. But you can be 9) cooking and 10) listening to music at the same time.
partb 3 b2
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • Substitution
  • 1) nowadays / today
  • 2) It’s easy to understand / I’m not surprised.
  • 3) As the says goes
  • 4) That’s right / You are right / Exactly.
  • 5) everybody watches television to get news
partb 3 b3
PartB_3_b

Pre-listening Tasks

Listening Tasks

Speaking Tasks

Pair Work

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

  • 6) television can never completely replace radio
  • 7) very useful
  • 8) Of course not / Definitely not / Absolutely not.
  • 9) driving / washing
  • 10) enjoying music / listening to news
partc 1
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

A Passage The Benson Family’s Decision

  • Listen to the passage and answer the following question.
  • What’s the main idea of the passage?
  • Without watching TV, people may find many interesting things to do.

_______________________________________________________________

partc 11
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

  • B. Listen to the passage again and choose the best answers.
  • What has each member of the Benson Family found
  • time doing in the past year?
  • Mr. Benson
  • a. playing the piano b. playing tennis
  • c. working in the cinema d. writing a novel
partc 12
PartC_1

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

2. Mrs. Benson

a. taking up judo b. seeing films and plays

c. writing a drama d. joining a film society

3. Daughter Emily

a. taking up acting b. reading ten novels

c. learning to play the piano d. solving math problems

4. Son Mark

a. reading novels and other books b. playing tennis

c. joining a society d. going to tennis classes

partc 1 script
PartC_1_script

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 2
PartC_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 21
PartC_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 2 a
PartC_2_a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

Oprah Winfrey 奥普拉·温弗瑞(美国著名的脱口秀主持人,作为黑人,她是全美最有影响力的电视节目人之一)

forum n. 专题讨论节目

Nashville 美国一城市名,田纳西州首府

footage (电视)片段

Bell and Howell 美国一家媒体设备厂商

octogenarian    80到89岁的人

partc 2 a1
PartC_2_a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

hard news 重要新闻

anchor n. 主持人

co-anchor n. 共同主持人

Baltimore 巴特摩尔(美国马里兰州一城市)

demotion n. 降级

discontent n. 不满

partc 2 b
PartC_2_b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

I. From the following list of words and phrases, pick up the appropriate ones Oprah Winfrey uses in describing herself in the video clip.

Oprah Winfrey describes herself as b. c. f. i. j

a. middle class b. colored c. female

d. easy-going e. well-educated

f. good at talking with people

g. addicted to hard news h. fighting for civil rightsi. starting from nothing

j. in charge of an influential show k. fond of acting on stage

____________

partc 2 b 2
PartC_2_b_2

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • II. Read the following questions and then choose the right answer to each of the following questions.
  • 1. How did Oprah feel while she was doing the news report?
    • a. She felt unsatisfied with the salary.
    • b. She felt unsatisfied with doing the news.
    • c. She felt being treated unfairly.
    • d. She felt burdened with reporting work.
partc 2 b 3
PartC_2_b_3

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 2. Why did Oprah feel difficult during the early years in Baltimore?
    • a. She was not capable of dealing with her new job.
    • b. The audience didn’t like the style of her TV show.
    • c. She missed her former job and colleagues.
    • d. Her co-anchor was not friendly to her.
partc 2 b 4
PartC_2_b_4

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

  • 3. What makes Oprah feel the happiest?
    • a. Communicating with people in a TV show.
    • b. Being in charge of the most influential TV program.
    • c. Being treated like a white woman.
    • d. Doing the important news report.
partc 2 c
PartC_2_c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Movie

New Words

Exercise

partc 3a
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

Pictures

Look at these pictures and describe them one by one.

partc 3a1
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3b
PartC_3b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3c
PartC_3c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

partc 3a2
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

1. Watching TV

watching TV attentively, lying on his belly, hold his cheeks, be engrossed in the TV set, deprive children of a lot of playing time, nickname, babysitter

partc 3b1
PartC_3b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

2. Reading a newspaper

colored pictures, different sections, book reviews, cartoons

partc 3c1
PartC_3c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

3. Watching television

family of four, watch TV together, interested in the program, look like an advertisement, size of the television screen, inch, notebook computer, show the same picture, connected

partc 3a3
PartC_3a

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

1. We see a little boy watching TV attentively. He is lying on his belly with two hands holding his cheeks. Though we don’t know what programs he is watching, we can be sure that he is very interested in the program. Nowadays, there are many interesting children’s programs on TV and many kids are engrossed in the TV set, no matter what program it is. On one hand, TV does teach children a lot of things. On the other, it deprives children of a lot of playing time. That’s why people give TV set a nickname: babysitter.

partc 3b2
PartC_3b

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

2. A woman is reading a newspaper. The newspaper is in English. There are colored pictures on the paper. A newspaper usually has many sections such as news, business, sports, book reviews and cartoons. I don’t know which section the woman is reading, but I like the sports section most.

partc 3c2
PartC_3c

Additional Listening

Movie Time

Time to Talk

3. A family of four is watching television together. Everybody seems to be highly interested in the program. It looks like an advertisement. I believe the size of the television screen is 29 inches or bigger. In addition to the TV set, the father has a notebook computer which is showing the same picture as the TV. The TV and the computer may be connected.

partd 1
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

  • A Compound Dictation
  • Listen to the passage three times and supply the missing information.
partd 11
PartD_1

Test Your Listening

_____

  • There are different 1) types of media today. News and 2) entertainment are communicated to us in a number of different ways, through different media. It may be 3) print media such as newspapers and magazines, or 4) electronic media such as radio and television. The word media is most often used to refer to the communication of news, and in this 5) context means the same as news media.

______________

_____

__________

_______

partd 12
PartD_1

________________________

____________________

Test Your Listening

  • Programs on radio and television may be referred to formally as 6) broadcasts or informally as shows, especially in American English. The person who 7) presents a program or a show on radio or TV is a host or hostess but the one who hosts a popular music program is called a disk jockey or DJ. 8) News programs may be hosted by an anchor, either a man or a woman, who is sometimes more famous than the people in the news. In more traditional news programs, the news is read by a newsreader.

___________

________

partd 13
PartD_1

____

_________________________________________________________

__________________________

___________________

__________________________________________________________

___________

Test Your Listening

  • There are many broadcasting organizations in a country and competition among them is serious. 9) Most TV and radio networks want to increase the size of their audience, or their ratings. Good ratings are especially important during prime-time, the time of day when most people watch TV. This is not surprising as high audience figures attract more advertising or commercials to be shown in commercial breaks between programs. And 10) the broadcasting organization that can attract most advertisers makes most money.