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The Grand Tour. The Lure of Italy and Beyond Most images from ArtStor : “The Tribuna of the Uffizi,” Johann Zoffany (1772-1777). Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino An Augustan castrum ca. 15 BCE.

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the grand tour

The Grand Tour

The Lure of Italy and BeyondMost images from ArtStor:

“The Tribuna of the Uffizi,” Johann Zoffany (1772-1777)

the arrival of a young traveller and his suite during the carnival in rome david allan c 1775
“The Arrival of a Young Traveller and his Suite during the Carnival in Rome,” David Allan (c. 1775)

Joseph Addison’s guidebook: “There is certainly no place in the world where a man may travel with greater pleasure and advantage than in Italy” (1705)

the lure of italy the traveller should undertake a trip to italy
The lure of ItalyThe traveller should undertake a trip to Italy …
  • because the acquisition of cultural knowledge added to one’s education. For whom was it intended?
  • at what age and why at that age?
  • but to where specifically?
first stop on the tour florence medici venus 1 st c bce uffizi gallery
First stop on the tour: Florence“Medici Venus,” 1st c. BCE, Uffizi Gallery
  • why did so many travellers, such as Lord Byron, find her so compelling?
  • why did travellers make Florence only the first stop on their itinerary? that is, what were the allures of Rome and Naples?
second stop on the tour rome the eternal city the roman forum giovanni paolo panini 1735
Second stop on the tour: Rome, the Eternal City“The Roman Forum,” Giovanni Paolo Panini (1735)
  • what should the traveller visit while in Rome?
  • how long should the traveller stay in Rome?
  • what should the traveller do during his stay?
why the vatican michelangelo simonetti s rotonda in the museo pio clementino designed 1776 80
Why the Vatican? Michelangelo Simonetti’sRotonda in the MuseoPio-Clementino (designed 1776-80)
johann joachim winckelmann 1717 1768
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717-1768)
  • Reflections on the Imitation of the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks (1755)
  • History of Ancient Art (Geschichte derKunst des Alterthums) (1764)
  • What did these two works, especially the latter, add to the study of classical art?
  • Consider the following two objects   
inspiration for winckelmann why
Inspiration for Winckelmann: why?

“Apollo Belvedere,” Roman copy of a 4th c. BCE original

“Belvedere Antinous,”

c. 130 CE

inspiration for winckelmann why1
Inspiration for Winckelmann: why?

“Laocoon,” c. 150 BCE

third stop on the tour naples vesuvius pompeii
Third stop on the tour: Naples, Vesuvius, Pompeii

“Mount Vesuvius in Eruption,” J.M.W. Turner (1817)

sir william hamilton 1731 1803
Sir William Hamilton (1731-1803)
  • diplomat, scientist, archaeologist, antiquarian
  • author of CampiPhlegraei. Observations on the Volcanoes of the Two Sicilies (1776-1779)
  • excavations began at Herculeaneum in 1738 and at Pompeii in 1763
  • author of Antiquitésétrusques, grecques et romaines(1766–67) and Ancient Vases (1791-95)
  • amassed 2 collections of Greek (“Etruscan”) vases, selling one to the British Museum in 1772, the other purchased at auction in 1799
  • Hamilton’s publication followed by Le Antichità di Ercolano ("The Antiquities of Herculaneum") by the AccademiaErcolanese (1757-1792)

“Sir William Hamilton and his First Wife, in his Study (with a View of Vesuvius),” David Allan (1770)

publius virgilius maro 70 19 bce
PubliusVirgiliusMaro (70-19 BCE)

“The Tomb of Virgil at Posillipo, near Naples,” Hubert Robert (1784)

fourth stop on the tour beyond naples to sicily
Fourth stop on the tour: beyond Naples to Sicily

Unfinished Doric temple, Segesta, 5th c. BCE

“Temple of Segesta,” Thomas Cole(ca. 1842)


Grand Tour Supplement: GreeceJames “Athenian” Stuart and Nicholas Revett, The Antiquities of Athens and Other Monuments of Greece (1762)What controversy did this publication highlight?