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Medical Terminology Review Prefix – Suffix

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  1. Medical Terminology ReviewPrefix – Suffix Mrs. Opland Medical Terminology Jamestown Career and Technology Center

  2. PREFIX REVIEW • a-, an- • without, not • ab- • away from • add- • toward • ana- • excessive • anti- • against

  3. bi- • two, double • brady- • slow • dys- • bad, painful, difficult • epi- • above, upon, on

  4. end-, endo- • in, within, inside • eu- • good • ex- • outside • hemi- • semi-, half, partly ( rt/lt ) • hypo- • sub, under, below

  5. hyper- • excessive, high • inter- • between • intra- • within, inside • macro- • large • micro- • small

  6. mono- • one, single • multi- • many, much, large amount • neo- • new • non- • no, none • path- • abnormal disease condition

  7. peri- • surrounding, around • poly- • multi, many, much • post- • after, behind • pre- • before, in front of • quadri-, quad- • four

  8. sub- • under, less, below • supra- • Above • tachy- • fast • tri- • three

  9. SUFFIX REVIEW • -al, ic, -ous, -ac, -ar, -ary • pertaining to • -able • capable of, able to • -ago • diseased condition • -algia, dynia • pain • -an • characteristic of , pertaining to

  10. -arche • beginning • -asthesia • weakness, lack of strength • -bifida • Split, divided into two parts • -cele • hernia, swelling

  11. -centesis • surgical puncture to remove fluid • -cidal • pertaining to killing • -cide • causing death • -cusis • hearing • -cyte • cell

  12. -cytosis • condition of cells • -dema • swelling (fluid) • -desis • surgical fixation of a bone or joint • -ectasis • enlargement • -ectomy • surgical removal of, excision

  13. -emesis • vomiting • -emia • blood, blood condition • -esis • abnormal condition, disease • -esthesia • sensation, feeling • -gram • record

  14. -graph • instrument for recording • -graphy • process of recording • -gravida • pregnant • -ia • abnormal condition • -ist, iatrist • specialist • -iatry • field of medicine

  15. -itis • inflammation of • -lepsy • seizure • -lysis • separation, destruction, to breakdown • -malacia • softening • -megaly • enlargement of

  16. -meter • measure, instrument used to measure • -necrosis • death of tissue • -ologist • specialist in the study • -ology • study of • -oma • tumor

  17. -opia • vision condition • -orexia • appetite • -osis • abnormal condition • -ostomy • surgically creating an opening • -otia • ear condition • -otomy • surgical incision

  18. -oxia • oxygen condition • -para • to give birth • -paresis • partial or incomplete paralysis • -parous • having borne one or more children • -partum • childbirth, labor • -pathy • disease

  19. -pause • Stopping • -penia • deficiency, lack of • -pexy • surgical fixation • -phagia • eating, swallowing

  20. -phasia • Speak or speech • -plasm • growth, formation • -plasty • surgical repair • -plegia • Paralysis • -pnea • breathing

  21. -ptysis • spitting • -plasty • surgical repair • -plegia • paralysis • -pnea • Breathing • -porosis • lessening in density, porous condition

  22. -ptosis • droop, sag, prolapse, fall • -ptysis • spitting • -rrhage, rrhagia • bursting forth of (usually refers to blood) • -rrhaphy • to suture • -rrhexis • rupture

  23. -rrhea • flow, discharge • -sclerosis • hardening of • -scope • instrument to view • -scopy • visual examination • -spasm • involuntary muscle contractions

  24. -stasis • standing still • -stenosis • narrowing, stricture • -stoma • artificial mouth or opening • -thorax • chest

  25. -tome • instrument to cut • -tomy • process of cutting • -tripsy • to crush • -um • noun ending • -uresis • urination

  26. -uria • urination, urine • -us • Singular noun ending • -y • noun ending