Disorders of the respiratory system 2 . Obstructive Respiratory Disorders. Bronchitis. Bronchitis is an obstructive respiratory disease that may occur in both acute and chronic forms.
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Symptoms of acute bronchitis often include productive cough, Dyspnea and possible fever.
Manifestations of chronic bronchitis:
• Productive, chronic cough
• Production of purulent sputum
• Frequent acute respiratory infections
• Hypoxia, cyanosis
• Symptoms of corpulmonale
• Fluid accumulation (edema) in later stages
Treatment of chronic bronchitis:
1. Cessation of smoking or exposure to irritants
2. Bronchodilators to open airway passages
3. Expectorants to loosen mucus
4. Anti - inflammatory to relieve airway inflammation and reduce mucus secretion
5. Prophylactic antibiotics for respiratory infections
6. Oxygen therapy
Levels of a protective enzyme α-1-antitrypsin have been shown to be lacking in certain individuals who are chronic cigarette smokers. This enzyme inactivates destructive protease enzymes (trypsin) in lung tissue.
Mainly caused by: Loss of alveolar (lung) elasticity and a decrease in the overall surface area for gas exchange within the lungs.
Manifestations include the following:
Comparison of Symptoms for
Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema