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ANCIENT CHINA. VOCABULARY. Ancestor Worship. The belief that your ancestors continue to influence the spirits and watch over extended family. Civil servant. A group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government. Confucius.

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ancestor worship
Ancestor Worship
  • The belief that your ancestors continue to influence the spirits and watch over extended family
civil servant
Civil servant
  • A group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government
  • A Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on the Chinese way of life
  • The type of money used by a group or a nation
  • A protective wall that controls or holds back water
extended family
Extended Family
  • Closely related people of several generations
liu bang lygh bahng
Liu Bang (LYGH bahng)
  • The founder of the Han dynasty
  • A system of beliefs and values
shi huangdi surh hwahng dee
Shi Huangdi (surh hwahng dee)
  • Found of the Qin dynasty and the emperor of China
  • A valuable cloth, originally made only in China from threads spun by caterpillars called silk worms
the silk road
The Silk Road
  • An ancient trade route between China and Europe
sima qian sih mah chen
Sima Qian (sih mah chen)
  • A Chinese scholar, astronomer and historian who wrote the most important history of China entitled Historical Records
  • A local leader of an armed group
  • Chinese emperor who brough the Han dynasty to its greatest power
Geographical Influence
  • Mountains, sea, and desert provide some protection and isolation
  • Vulnerable to northwest
  • River valleys

1. Yellow (Huang Ho) earliest civilization - damaging floods

2. Yangtze - very important in unification- transportation- irrigation

3. Chang river the longest river in China

earliest civilizations in china
Earliest Civilizations In China
  • Earliest- Neolithic- Ban Po- similar to other parts of the world/ one of the oldest
  • Shang Dynasty 1500-11 BCE in North China along the Huang Ho- raised silk worms- silk part of lure and fascination of China, famous for bronze sculpture, daggers, jade jewelry paid homage to ancestors- family important
  • Chou (Zhou) 1027-256-longest-developed foundations for Chinese society
ancient china a way of life confucianism
Ancient China – A Way of Life - Confucianism
  • Moral and ethical code highly developed treat everyone with consideration
  • Advocated paternalistic government
  • Value on family head- ancestor respect
  • Values- loyalty, righteousness, wisdom, sincerity
  • very practical and humanistic Gentility
daoism taoism created by laotzu lao zi
Daoism (Taoism)created by LaoTzu (Lao Zi)
  • contemporary of Confucius
  • Tao= the road way
  • Absolute=sum of existence
  • Goal to bring people into harmony
  • very introspective
  • not as influential as Confucius
Women and the 3 Obediences/4 Virtues**Disclaimer: This is not what I am teaching is relevant today but only in the content of understanding the culture of Ancient China.
zhou chou dynasty
Zhou (Chou) Dynasty
  • Feudal society- emperor gave out fiefs
  • Shang thought they had a divine right- Chou rulers had responsibility
  • Zhou did take title “Son of Heaven”
  • compared to medieval Europe- had a code for dress, fighting etc.
  • no contracts
ancient philosophies
Ancient Philosophies
  • About 500BCE Buddha, Confucius, Greek Philosophers and Chinese - Lao Tze
  • Called a flowering period
  • India more concerned with cosmos and soul
  • China more concerned with ethical life on earth
  • Ironic comparison of Asoka and Shi Huangdi
qin ch in dynasty 221 206 bce
Qin (Ch’in) Dynasty 221-206 BCE
  • dominated by “The First Emperor”
  • Qin Shi Huangdi (Chin Shi Huang Ti)
  • ambitious= understatement
  • centralized the government- rid of feudal lords
  • constructed roads and canals
  • The Great Wall- sacrifice AND
  • An amazing tomb found in 20th Century
han dynasty 202bce 220 ce roman times
Han Dynasty 202BCE-220 CE(Roman Times)
  • Similar: built cities, officials to carry out edicts, heavy taxes collapsed under invasions and internal revolts
  • contact along the Silk Road, Buddhist Missionaries to China
  • combination of Confucius and legalism
  • advanced in science and literature
  • invented rudder, paper, magnetic compass, acupuncture
  • Short period of Civil War- Sui Dynasty connected two rivers with canal- over extended
tang dynasty 618 907 ce contributions
Tang Dynasty 618-907 CE Contributions
  • Internal renewal (improved lives of people) and external expansion
  • Used formal civil service exam to recruit-set up university
  • Tried to equalize land holdings- fought corruption
  • literature and art flourished- Tang horses p 203
  • Inventions- paper during Han- used for clothes and tp- 589 used for writing- invented printing, gun powder, encyclopedia
song sung dynasty 960 1279
Song(Sung) Dynasty 960-1279
  • moved the capitol east-
  • economic expansion- used paper money,
  • used abacus-
  • Silk Road traffic at height
    • when dangerous went to sea routes
    • first period of great oceanic commerce
    • trades tea, silk and porcelain for exotic woods and precious stones
chinese develop paper and writing
Chinese Develop Paper and Writing
  • Chinese first used wooden scrolls and bone to keep records and write.
  • Later they wrote messages and even whole books on silk
  • 105 A.D. invented paper.
  • Early paper was made from tree bark, hemp and old rags
chinese and learning
Chinese and Learning
  • Rulers encouraged their people to study the philosophy of Confucius and other philosophers
  • Expressive poetry flourished under the Han dynasty
  • Confucius is known as the “first teacher”
the silk road1
The Silk Road
  • Ancient trade route between China and Europe
  • Chinese kept the secret of making silk a high priority and grew rich from the trade of this material
  • Individuals found guilty of relating the secret of making silk were executed
the great wall of china
The Great Wall of China
  • Originally created during the Han dynasty by the first emperor Shi Huangdi
  • Built to protect China from invaders in the North
  • Original wall built in 10 years
  • Due to the continuous additions over the many generations the Great Wall of China is not a single wall but a system of walls
  • The Great Wall of China is over 4,500 miles in length