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Corns/Calluses. Tiara Harrell 4 th Block Mechalske. What is a Corn?. A corn is thickened skin on the top or side of a toe It is not a serious condition They form to protect the skin There are two types- hard and soft

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corns calluses

Corns/Calluses

Tiara Harrell

4th Block

Mechalske

what is a corn
What is a Corn?
  • A corn is thickened skin on the top or side of a toe
  • It is not a serious condition
  • They form to protect the skin
  • There are two types- hard and soft
  • The type is determined by the inner core, which can be soft or hard, and by location
  • A soft corn is found between toes
  • A soft corn is often found over a bony part of a toe
hard corns
Hard corns
  • Usually on the fifth toe
  • It is not easy to identify by appearance
  • Are rough to touch
soft corns
Soft corns
  • Usually on the fourth and fifth toes
  • Is easy to press in when touched
  • Can also be found between the toes
symptoms of corns
Symptoms of Corns
  • A hard corn is firm and thick and may have a soft yellow ring with a gray center
  • A soft corn looks like an open sore
causes of corns
Causes of Corns
  • Pressure or friction on the skin
  • Tight shoes squeeze the foot
  • Wearing shoes without socks can lead to increased friction
  • The foot may rub up against a seam or stitch inside the shoe
  • Socks that don’t fit may result in pressure where the sock bunches up
what are calluses
What are Calluses?
  • Thickened skin on your hands or the soles of your feet
  • Can form on the knees or elbows
  • On the hands, they generally form at the base of fingers
  • On the feet, generally form on the ball of the foot, the heel, and the underside of the big toe
  • They form to protect the skin
symptoms of calluses
Symptoms of Calluses
  • Skin may be thick and hardened
  • Skin may be flaky and dry
  • May appear grayish or yellowish
  • May feel bumpy
causes of calluses
Causes of Calluses
  • The repeated handling of tools cause calluses on the hand
  • Walking barefoot
  • May be caused on the feet by repeated pressure due to sports
treatments
Treatments
  • The callus or corn may be softened and removed by using salicylic acid
  • These treatments are available in applicators, pads, drops and plasters
  • This treatment can’t be used by people with diabetes
  • Other treatments include wearing gloves or special pads on the feet to keep pressure away
bibliography
Bibliography
  • "Calluses and Corns Causes and Treatments." WebMD. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/calluses-and-corns-topic-overview?page=2>.
  • "Corns Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - How Can Corns and Calluses Be Prevented? on MedicineNet." Corns, Symptoms and Causes. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.medicinenet.com/corns/page2.htm>.
  • "Corns and Calluses: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." National Library of Medicine. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001232.htm>.