Research Ethics What it means for you as a member of staff at the University of Derby Professor Paul Lynch Biology, Forensics & Sport Chair of the University Research Ethics Committee and your students
Guiding principles • Non-malfeasance and beneficence, indicating a systematic regard for the rights and interests of others in a full range of academic relationships and activities • Non-malfeasanceis the principle of doing or permitting, no official misconduct • Beneficenceis the requirement to serve the interests and well being of others, including respect for their rights
Guiding principles Includes:- • Autonomy: people must be free to make their own informed decisions • Justice: people must be treated equally • ensuring integrity and quality • informing participants • confidentiality of information • voluntary participation • avoid causing harm • independence of research • Animal rights • Environmental protection
Guiding principles • We need to ensure the dignity, rights, safety and well being of participants • This includes informed consent, right to withdraw, debriefing etc. • Ethical review is mandatory for ALL research projects and should be in accordance with the University’s Code of Practice on Research Ethics http://www.derby.ac.uk/research/ethics/policy-document
Research ethics approval • Appropriate practice for professional researchers • Appropriate training for our students • External requirements • ‘Protection’ for the • participant • researcher • institution
Subject area focus • Subject specific knowledge • Knowledge of subject specific external drivers • Professional body requirements Subject Area (Cluster) Research Ethics Committees
Staff Research and Scholarly Activity (Funded and Non-funded) Standardised proposal form including ethics section Subject Area (cluster) Committee Ethics case movement Ethics information and guidance Faculty FRRDCs Ethics monitoring Implementation and monitoring of the procedure University Research Ethics Committee URRDC
Independent Studies for PGT and UG students Standardised proposal form including ethics section Subject Area (cluster) Committee SQCs Ethics case movement Faculty FRRDCs FQECs Ethics information, guidance and monitoring Implementation and monitoring of the procedure University Research Ethics Committee Information exchange related to process URRDC UQEC UQEC has responsibility to implement developments and ensure recommended systems are used for PGT and UG students UREC only has responsibility for ensuring the recommended systems are used for PGR and PGP students
Implementation of research ethics code of practice for PGR students Standardised proposal form including ethics section Subject Area (cluster) Committee Ethics case movement RD5 and RD7 Faculty FRRDCs Ethics information, guidance and monitoring Implementation and monitoring of the procedure University Research Ethics Committee URRDC
Implementation of research ethics code of practice for PGP students Standardised proposal form including ethics section Subject Area (cluster) Committee Ethics case movement Faculty FRRDCs Ethics information, guidance and monitoring Implementation and monitoring of the procedure University Research Ethics Committee URRDC
Subject area research ethics committees • Chair: Head of Subject, Assistant Subject Head, University Professor or University Reader • Four members of academic staff – to include:- • Representation of specialist areas within the Subject Area/Cluster • An independent studies co-ordinator • A member of an appropriate research group or centre • A member of FRRDC • A member of SQC • A member of academic staff from outside the Subject Area/Cluster • Co-opted • Independent studies co-ordinator or programme leader for meetings where applications from specific programmes are being considered. • Subject specific expert • Secretary
Meeting schedule • Normally 4 times a year – each quarter. • Link with key times for Independent Studies • Timetable meetings at beginning of academic year. • Approval outside scheduled meetings • Via e.mail • Not an excuse for bad planning
Approval process • Subject Area/Cluster Research Ethics Committees will be required to respond to applications • within 6 weeks with a target period of 4 weeks.
Application forms • Standardised forms from UREC • Staff research • Student research • Subject Area (Cluster) Research Ethics Committee may amend the forms • Approval from • FRRDC • FQC • UREC Informed
Approval Process - Students • Large programmes or programme clusters i.e. in excess of 20 problematic • All the applications will have been signed off (approved) by a member of staff (nominally proposed project supervisor) • All applications will have been checked by the appropriate Independent Studies co-ordinator and signed off (approved). • All applications should be made available to the Subject Area/Cluster Research Ethics Committee, • 15% or a minimum of 10 applications should be specifically reviewed by the Subject Area/Cluster Research Ethics Committee. This sample should be in addition to • any applications involving human subjects • which the Independent Studies co-ordinator has identified ‘problematic’ • Remember external/professional body requirements
Approval Process - Staff • All applications relating to staff research must be considered and approved by the Subject Area/Cluster Research Ethics Committees.
Approval process • If a Subject Area/Cluster Research Ethics Committee does not feel it can approve an application it can either:- • Deny approval outright. • Ask for revisions and postpone further consideration until the next meeting of the committee. • Ask for clearly defined revisions which is appropriately met can be approved by ‘Chairs Action’ • Delay approval while advice is sort from FRRDC/UREC. This could lead to the application being passed on to FRRDC and possible UREC for approval.
Approval process – beyond Subject Area • UG and PGT IS projects should not be passed beyond Subject Area for approval • Staff and PGR and PGP – consider time implications
NHS Approval • Not suitable for UG projects • Must consider the time implications • Information - http://www.nres.npsa.nhs.uk/.
Annual Monitoring • Part of the University’s annual monitoring cycle • Annual monitoring pro-forma • Statistics • Dissemination of good practice • Highlight concerns • Identify staff development needs
Information • Research Ethics and Governance website http://www.derby.ac.uk/research/ethics Thank you Any Questions