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Autism Spectrum Disorders. Brenda Smith Myles. Prevalence of Individuals with ASD. 1 in 91 (US) 1 in 58 boys 1 in 64 (UK). Diversity of Individuals with ASD. This Is Autism …. … And This Is Autism. Parents of Children with ASD…. Are well informed Self-determined

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autism spectrum disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Brenda Smith Myles

prevalence of individuals with asd
Prevalence of Individuals with ASD
  • 1 in 91 (US)
    • 1 in 58 boys
  • 1 in 64 (UK)
parents of children with asd
Parents of Children with ASD…
  • Are well informed
  • Self-determined
  • Represent 11-12% of due process cases
slide7

“If my child graduates from high school and he cannot read, it would be against the law to discriminate against him.

However, if he graduates and is not able to live or work next to other people without hurting or scaring them, society will not tolerate him.

As a result, he will most likely lose his freedom to move about his community independently, impacting his long-term quality of life.”

- Quote from “a very wise parent” in Using the 5-Point Scale and Anxiety Curve Poster by K. Dunn Buron and M. Curtis (2008) AAPC

the purpose of special education idea
The Purpose of Special Education (IDEA)

… all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique need and prepare them for furthereducation, employment, and independent living.

§300.1 (emphasis added)

summary of spp indicators from parts b and c
Graduation

Dropout rate

Statewide assessment

Suspension/expulsion

LRE placement

Preschool skills

Social emotional, appropriate behavior

Parent involvement

Disproportionate representation

Child find

Part C to B transition

Secondary transition with IEP goals

Post school outcomes

Competitive employment, school

Monitoring, complaints, hearings

Written complaints

Due process, hearings, mediations

Summary of SPP Indicators from Parts B and C
core needs of students with asd
Early identification

Accurate assessment

Social competence

Regulation

Emotions, behavior, sensory

Communication supports

Structure/modifications

Adaptive behavior skills

Reinforcement

Direct and intensive instruction

Protection from bullies

Executive function

Core Needs of Students with ASD
the secret of school success
The Secret of School Success
  • “… one of several findings in the growing body of research on “self-regulation” -- people’s ability to stop, think, make a plan and control their impulses. … it turns out that these are really the same skills you need to do well in school” and potentially in life.”

Professor Megan McClelland

Oregon State University

USA Today, Sept 2, 2009. http://blogs.usatoday.com/oped/2009/09/column-the-secret-of-school-success.html

research shows that
Research Shows That …
  • “Individuals with soft skills, including good social skills, sociability, good work habits, punctuality, conscientiousness and those who participated in extra curricular activities are more likely to make more money, be employed, and attain high levels of education than those with good grades and high standardized test scores.”

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2009, March 26). Social Skills, Extracurricular Activities In High School Pay Off Later In Life.

evidence based practices ebp
Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)
  • What are EBP?
  • What criteria are used to define them?
    • How were these criteria identified?
    • Have they stood the tests of time?
  • Given the diversity of students with ASD, EBP may be those who are effective for a particular child
slide16

10% 5%

30% 20%

60% 60%

95% 95%

Joyce & Showers, 2002

slide17

10% 5%

0%

30% 20%

0%

60% 60%

5%

95% 95%

95%

Joyce & Showers, 2002

critical to asd beneficial to all
Critical to ASD -- Beneficial to All
  • Individuals with ASD are each unique and have myriad challenges
    • Research has shown that what is critical for children with ASD benefits all children:
      • Interventions/strategies
      • Collaboration
      • Teaming/Co-planning
your commitment to asd is why we are here

Your commitment to ASD is why we are here

Thank you!

Kathy Gould, Lee Grossman, Shawn Henry, Sherry Moyer, Brenda Myles,

Sam Odom, Lee Stickle

question 1
Question 1
  • What are the biggest successes in ASD that each of your organizations has to build on?
question 2
Question 2
  • What are the biggest challenges in ASD that each of your organizations has to meet?
question 3
Question 3
  • ASD requires a vision of leadership that crosses agencies and spans years from infancy to adulthood. What role can state leaders play in making these connections more likely?