Geography of Religion. AP Human Geography Copeland. Geography of Religion. What is Religion? Major Religions & Divisions Religious Landscapes Religious Conflict and Interaction. Religion. A set of beliefs – an explanation of the origins and purpose of humans and their role on earth
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Geography of Religion AP Human Geography Copeland
Geography of Religion • What is Religion? • Major Religions & Divisions • Religious Landscapes • Religious Conflict and Interaction
Religion • A set of beliefs – • an explanation of the origins and purpose of humans and their role on earth • existence of a higher power, spirits or god • Which involves rituals, festivals, rites of passage and space (religious landscapes) • http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/living/2011/07/29/language.of.christianity.cnn
Key Terms • Universalizing Religion: attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location • Proselytize: to try to convert people to one’s belief or opinion • “Missions is not the ultimate goal of the church. Worship is. Missions exists because worship doesn't.” ― John Piper • Soteriology-is the study of religious doctrines of salvation, which are a feature of various religions • Syncretic: Traditions that borrow from both the past and the present
Key Terms Secularization - a process that is leading to increasingly large groups of people who claim no allegiance to any church or denomination. • Some of these people are atheists. Others simply do not practice. Still others call themselves spiritual, but not religious. • Common in Europe and the larger cities of the U.S. • Common in former Soviet Union and China. • A movement in American churches…to “secularize” church. Any thoughts?
Key Terms • Ethnic Religions: concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely based on physical characteristics of a particular location.
Key Terms Fundamentalism - a process that is leading to increasingly large groups of people who claim there is only one way to interpret worship. • Fundamentalists generally envision a return to a more perfect religion and ethics they imagine existed in the past. • Common in the U.S. and in some Islamic states.
Key Terms • Monotheism: existence of only one God. • Polytheism: existence of many gods. • Cosmogony: A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
Religious Divisions • Branch: A large and fundamental division within a religion. (Catholicism vs. Protestantism) • Denomination: A division within a branch of a religion. (Baptist, Methodist, Lutheran-Protestant Denominations) • Sect: A relatively small denominational group that has broken away from an established church. (Warren Jeffs-FLDS, Rev. Coots-Pentacostal Snake Handling Churches) Sign. Sects are often later viewed as cults. http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/video/snake-handling-religious-community-menace-20975322