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Tekst- og litteraturhistorie i de engelsksprogede lande. Session Eight The Empire Writes Back: Postcolonialism. Agenda. The postcolonial situation Coping with the postcolonial situation: Ngugi vs Rushdie, and John Agard. ”The Day They Burned the Books” Rushdie and Magic Realism

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tekst og litteraturhistorie i de engelsksprogede lande

Tekst- og litteraturhistorie i de engelsksprogede lande

Session Eight

The Empire Writes Back: Postcolonialism

agenda
Agenda
  • The postcolonial situation
  • Coping with the postcolonial situation: Ngugi vs Rushdie, and John Agard.
  • ”The Day They Burned the Books”
  • Rushdie and Magic Realism
  • ”The Prophet’s Hair”
  • Feedback and exam
  • Evaluation
the postcolonial situation
The postcolonial situation
  • Former colonies are independent and free of colonial rule.
  • However, former colonies remain dependent politically, economically, socially, ideologically, linguistically, aesthetically, etc.
  • Thus, former colonies are hybrids, mongrels, and in-betweens
coping with the postcolonial situation ngugi vs john agard and rushdie
Coping with the postcolonial situation Ngugi vs John Agard and Rushdie
  • Ngugi
  • Return to ’harmony’ by embracing your original culture and language (Gikuyu)
  • ”Language carries culture …(2538)
coping with the postcolonial situation ngugi vs john agard and rushdie5
Coping with the postcolonial situation Ngugi vs John Agard and Rushdie
  • John Agard: embracing the languages of the colonised (West Indian Creole, British Guiana) and the coloniser (the Queen’s English). Writing broken English is an attempt at breaking English linguistically, aesthetically, politically, etc…)
coping with the postcolonial situation ngugi vs john agard and rushdie6
Coping with the postcolonial situation Ngugi vs John Agard and Rushdie
  • Rushdie: Embracing English as a global language (”The English language ceased to be the sole possession of the English some time ago”), but chutnifying it, spicing it up according to how it is used.
salman rushdie and ideas of multiplicity pluralism and hybridity
Salman Rushdie and ideas of multiplicity, pluralism, and hybridity
  • ‘My’ India has always been based on ideas of multiplicity, pluralism, hybridity: ideas to which the ideologies of the communalists are diametrically opposed. To my mind the defining image of India is the crowd, and a crowd is by its very nature superabundant, heterogeneous, many things at once. (2854)
ethnic cultural ideological political linguistic aesthetic variety diversity and difference
Ethnic,cultural, ideological, political linguistic, aesthetic variety, diversity, and difference
  • Multiplicity vs uniformity
  • Pluralism vs essentialism, nationalism
  • Hybridity vs purity
  • Heterogeneity vs homogeneity
jean rhys the day they burned the books
Jean Rhys, ”The Day They Burned the Books”
  • Creole identity
  • A story about colonialism
  • Images of colonialism
magic realism
Magic realism
  • ”These writers interweave, in an ever-shifting pattern, a sharply etched realism in representing ordinary events and descriptive details together with fantastic and dreamlike elements, as well as materials derived from myth and fairy tales” (Abrams)
discussion
Discussion
  • Is "The Prophet's Hair" a work of magic realism or postcolonialism or both?
  • Elements of realism, of magic? Why and how are they used?
  • Elements of postcolonialism: multiplicity, pluralism, hybridity. Why and how are they used?