Briefing to Member States. 18 July 2012. Agenda. Overview of the Working Group An introduction to the Compendium of Border Control Instruments, Standards and Recommended Practices Related to Counter-Terrorism Future activities 2. 1. The Working Group. Background.
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Briefing to Member States 18 July 2012
Agenda • Overview of the Working Group • An introduction to the Compendium of Border Control Instruments, Standards and Recommended Practices Related to Counter-Terrorism • Future activities 2
1 The Working Group
Background • The Working Group was established to help Member States strengthen their border-management and border-control systems • Mandate drawn from the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy • Pillar II, paragraphs 4, 5, 7, 8, 13 to 16 • Pillar III, paragraphs 2, 4 and 11 to 13 4
Membership • Co-Chairs • CTED; INTERPOL; WCO • Core Members • 1267/1989 Monitoring Team; 1540 Committee Expert Group; ICAO; IMO; IOM; OHCHR; UNICRI; UNODA; UNODC; UNHCR (observer) • Other Members • DPKO; OLA
Aims and objectives • Overall Aim • Enhance international, regional and national policyand practice relating to border management in the context of countering terrorism • Objectives • Enhance coordination between United Nations and other relevant agencies on border security in relation to institutional development and technical assistance matters • Provide tailored advice and assistance to Member States in their efforts to implement a comprehensive and coordinated border management approach to safeguard against terrorist crimes and related offences • Identify, prioritize and address key gaps in Member States’ laws, institutions and practical measures on border-related matters
Themes & subthemes Mobility and processing of people Integrity and security of document issuing process Movement of cash and other bearer negotiable instruments Movement and processing of goods Movement of small arms, light weapons, ammunition, explosives & CBRN Maritime security Aviation security Early warning and alert systems Control of the open border There are 9 major themes: Each has a # of subthemes: For example, under Movement and processing of goods, a few of the sub-themes are: • International conventions, standards and recommended practices • Cargo processing (e.g. automation, electronic information, I&I, risk assessment, technology, non-intrusive inspection) • Prevention, detection and response of related offences • Cooperation, coordination and information exchange • Private sector • Anti-corruption measures 7
Activities and Outputs • Initial planning and organization of coordinationmeetings • Compendium of Border Control Instruments, Standards and Recommended Practices Related to Counter-Terrorism • Framework for a coordinated border management approach • Regionalworkshops to promote coordinated border management
2 The Compendium
The Compendium A unique, online point of reference for Member States to find reference guidance on implementation of legal, institutional and practical border-control measures to counter terrorism. Fully recognizes the national sovereignty of Member States when implementing border management initiatives to counter terrorism. Contains nearly 300 resources from nearly a dozen UN entities whose work encompasses one or more themes/aspects of border security. Advantages: Allows States to search for resources according to their needs User friendly interface Saves paper but also includes print functionality Ongoing updates will be immediately accessible online
Producing the Compendium • Consensus based approach • Inaugural meeting • 300 resources collected from contributing entities • User-friendly, flexible and searchable database produced • Review of compendium conducted during second meeting • Revised resources solicited and inputted into the database • Final review conducted • Publication
What does the Compendium contain? There are 6 types of resources: Legal instruments International standards Recommended Practices Guidance material Training document Technology 13
Resource structure Title Theme and sub-theme Originating organization Indication of resource type (i.e. int. standard) A specific reference (i.e. “chapter 3”) Direct URL link to the relevant document or contact information (as applicable) Each resource consists of: Resources are sorted and searchable by: • Theme • Sub-theme • Organization • Title • Resource type 14
Live demonstration • Navigation to the Compendium • Search by theme & sub-theme • Search by organization • Print function
Outcomes • Consolidation of available relevant resources • Easily accessible through a user-friendly searchable database providing direct links to the relevant material • Increased awareness and understanding of legal frameworks, institutional structures and recommended practices • Improved sharing of information and knowledge on codes and practices • Expanded international cooperation and networking among experts
Future development of the Compendium • Regular updates from contributing Working Group entities • Expansion of resources to include relevant material from regional and subregional organizations • Development of required resources for the theme: control of the open border • Improvement of the Compendium following feedback from Member States • Further promotion of the Compendium
3 Future activities
Framework for coordinated border management • A coherent and adaptable framework of a coordinated border management approach • To be developed by Working Group entities in consultation with various Member States • Takes into account the obligations and responsibilities of a number of concerned border control agencies and requirements • Will serve as additional guidance to Member States
Framework - key outcomes • Member States gain enhanced abilities to cross-reference information, integrate the necessary human and technological capacities and improve the legal, institutional and practical mechanisms to protect their borders. • UN and international border control entities launch joint initiatives that are more coherent and sensitive to competing obligations and responsibilities in order to assist Member States develop a more effective border management system.
Framework - next steps • Statement of principles and concept note • Detailed plan for development • Consultations with Member States • Detailed timetable • Resource plan • Preparation and completion of framework
Regional workshops • Overall aim to engage directly with Member States’ border-control agencies, with a view to further discussing and promoting the template and compendium and promote a comprehensive and coordinated approach to counter-terrorism-related border management • Six workshops proposed : • South Asia • Southeast Asia • Middle East/Persian Gulf • East Africa and South East Africa • North Africa/Sahel • Caribbean and Latin America
Regional workshops – key outcomes • Discussion and promotion of Compendium and Template • Identification of regional challenges and priorities • Opportunity to further assess relevant vulnerabilities of current border management systems • Identification of approaches to mitigate relevant risks and adopt mechanisms for measuring progress • Development of sustained dialogue between national and regional agencies and CTITF entities • Eventual facilitation of technical assistance and capacity building approaches • Improved implementation of border controls related to counter-terrorism as required by a number of Security Council resolutions and the Global Strategy
Thank you Questions
A How to access and use the Compendium
Step 1: Accessing the database There will be links to the database from The CTITF Working Group on Border Management Homepage:http://www.un.org/en/terrorism/ctitf/wg_bordermgmt.shtml The CTC/CTED Websitehttp://www.un.org/en/sc/ctc Contributing organizations have agreed to link to it from their websites. 28
Step 4: A list of all resources in “Aviation Security” are displayed. 32
Step 5: Select a resource. A pop-up window showing the resource will then appear.