Download
current fitness status of american youth n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Current Fitness Status of American Youth PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Current Fitness Status of American Youth

Current Fitness Status of American Youth

468 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Current Fitness Status of American Youth

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Current Fitness Status of American Youth Presented by: Jeremy Donmoyer Dave Jones

  2. Overview • Definition of ‘Health-Related Physical Fitness’ • According to U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services • 2 Case Studies: a. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport b. New England Journal of Medicine • Review of Chapter 4 (Hastie)

  3. Physical Activity Levels of Students at Recess • Subjects: 115 European-Americans 172 Mexican-Americans 287 Total Students • Methods: -Activity Levels observed at recess during preschool, and again approximately 2 years later at elementary level. -Activity classifications: Lay down, sit, stand, walk, very active

  4. Results • Children expended nearly twice the energy at the preschool level at recess than at elementary recess • Less recess time at elementary level • European-American children engaged in more MVPA than Mexican-American children at both levels

  5. How does this apply to Physical Educators? • School environments could be altered Examples: -Prompting -Provide better equipped facilities -Offer additional opportunities -Additional recess time TAKE-HOME IDEA: Beliefs of many school administrators VS. True value of recess and P.E. class

  6. Decline in Physical Activity in Girls During Adolescence • Subjects: 1213 African-American girls 1166 White-American girls 2379 Total (ages of 9 or 10 to the ages of 18 or 19) • Methods: - Habitual Activity Questionnaires (HAQ) - Activity levels estimated using metabolic equivalents (MET) - Measures of Socioeconomic Status - Pregnancy and Smoking - Measured over span of 10 years

  7. Results

  8. Conclusions • Substantial declines in physical activity occur during adolescence in girls. • By age of 16 or 17 years, 56% of African-American girls and 31% of White-American girls reported no habitual leisure-time activity. • Pregnancy was associated with decline in activity among African-American girls • Smoking was associated with decline in activity among White-American girls • A higher body-mass index was associated with decline in activity among girls of both races.

  9. Our Role • We (future physical educators) need to stop these trends. • Instances involving pregnancy and smoking should be targets for specific interventions. • Allow students ample opportunities to discover the activity that turns them on. • Encourage students to be active and stay active for a lifetime!

  10. Youth Activity Levels (of U.S. young people aged 12-21) • Only 1/2 regularly participate in vigorous activity • Approximately ¼ of young people walk or bicycle every day • About 14% of young people report no recent vigorous or moderate physical activity • Participation in all types of physical activity declines as age increases (statistics from U.S. Surgeon General, 1996)

  11. Barriers of Physical Activity • 1.) Personal Factors -Age, Gender, Obesity, Knowledge • 2.) Environment of Child -Peer/Parent Influence • 3.) Electronic Media -TV, Video Games, Computer

  12. How Fit Should Teenagers Be? • ‘Fitness’ determined by series of Health-Related Standards -Examples: 1. Fitnessgram Standards (16 yr old male: 8:30-7:00 mi run) 2. President’s Challenge Standards (13 yr old female: 7 push ups)

  13. Focus on Activity rather than Fitness • Activity in youth is more valid estimates of fitness than test themselves • Therefore, better to focus on teenagers’ activity levels than fitness levels • Guidelines • Healthy People 2010, NASPE

  14. What Can We Do? • Lobby for increased PE class time in schools • Provide before/after school programs • Provide students with knowledge on how to stay physically active • Individualized programs, personal goals • Encourage physical activity at home