slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 199 Views
  • Uploaded on

Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand?. Dr. Arūnas Molis Baltic Defence College International Forum Challenges and options for the Baltic Sea region 12 th December 2008, Vilnius. Content. Reasons for cooperation First agreements Main multilateral projects

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand?' - colin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Military cooperation in the Baltic states: where do we stand?

Dr. Arūnas Molis

Baltic Defence College

International Forum

Challenges and options for the Baltic Sea region

12th December 2008, Vilnius

content
Content
  • Reasons for cooperation
  • First agreements
  • Main multilateral projects
  • Challenges for cooperation
  • New forms of military cooperation
strategic rationale for cooperation
Strategic rationale for cooperation

BS - non NATO MSBS -NATO MS

  • Obtain experience in international cooperation and consensus building
  • Use the interoperability between BS for enhancing interoperability with NATO countries
  • Be more effective eliminating risk factors
  • Give defence forces more visibility
  • Be more effective
  • eliminating risk factors:
  • controlling airspace,
  • economic zone, developing
  • military industry, etc
  • Gain political influence
  • (weight) in NATO and EU:
  • integrate common projects
  • in NATO/EU system;
  • b) influence decisions which
  • concerns interests of all 3
  • nations
legal framework and first initiatives
Legal framework and first initiatives
  • 1994 06 03 - MoU on principles of cooperation in the training of Baltic UN peacekeeping forces (signed in Visby, Sweden)
  • 1994 09 13 – agreement on establishment and formation of the joint Baltic peacekeeping unit BALTBAT
  • 1994 11 13 – Baltic Assembly Resolution concerning Military Cooperation among the Baltic States
  • 1995 02 27 – ministerial agreement on cooperation in fields of defence and military relations
  • 1996 01 13 – ministerial agreement on cooperation of defence forces

Start of cooperation was strongly supported by Nordic countries!

main projects
Main projects

BALTBAT: 1994-2003, Infantry bn

BALTRON: since 1997, Naval Squadron

BALTNET: since 1995, Air Surveillance

Network

BALTDEFCOL: since 1999, Defense College

BALTBAT fulfilled its mission and was closed on the eve of NATO membership

cooperation in operations
Cooperation in operations
  • BALTSQN – infantry company on rotation basis in B&H and Kosovo (2000-2006)
  • Air policing mission: since 2004
  • Baltic motorized infantry battalion to NRF-14 (2010)
  • Common participation with Latvia in EU BG (2010)
  • Common exercises of LT and LV Special Forces
  • Post mission information exchange
joint procurement
Joint procurement
  • “Carl Gustaf” grenade launcher ammunition (Saab Bofors Dynamic AB, 3BS, 2007)
  • Air Control Unit (Norway, 3BS, 2004)
  • 3D Long distance radars (Lockheed-Martin,LV & EST, 2001)

Could be much more effective!

main challenges for military cooperation
Main challenges for military cooperation

Minor joint acquisitions. Tight command experience. Weak influence on operations!

consequences of diverging interests
Consequences of diverging interests
  • BALTBAT as a whole was never deployed to the mission
  • Disagreements on Air policing infrastructure and acquisition of jet-fighters
  • Uncoordinated equipping of national contingents with different weapon systems
  • No common EU BG
  • More interest for bilateral cooperation:
    • Lithuania – Poland, Denmark
    • Estonia - Finland
diverging interests in a broader context
Diverging interests in a broader context
  • LT and PL – support to US, Kaliningrad issue, LITPOLBAT
  • LT and DEN – cooperation in operations (Balkans, Iraq)
  • EST and FIN – reliance on territorial defense, common EU BG, exchange of military equipment
  • EST and LV – separate from LT involvement in ISAF operation in Afghanistan
  • 5+3 meetings – no intent to create common institutions
  • Membership in EU and NATO:
    • LT, LV, EE, PL, GER, DEN – NATO and EU
    • SWE, FIN – EU
    • Russia – none
and as the result
And as the result..
  • New initiatives fail to end up with new projects:
    • Failure of combined air wing proposal
    • Failure of joint action in the area of military environmental protection
    • Only partial standardizing of military educational systems
  • Weak connections in operations
    • the only combined settlement is in KFOR with Danish bn
however new forms of cooperation are found
However, new forms of cooperation are found*
  • Supporting and shaping NATO political agenda:
    • Support for NATO enlargement policy: accession talks with Albania and Macedonia, membership invitation for Macedonia, MAP for Ukraine and Georgia
    • Support for Ukraine’s and Georgia’s political, economical, defense and security sector reform processes
    • Concerns over the escalation of tensions between Georgia and Russia
  • Strengthening NATO defense capabilities against:
    • cyber defense
    • energy security
    • missile defense

Military cooperation still triggers the cooperation in other spheres!

*According to Joint Communiqué of Ministerial committee (May 30, 2008)

slide13

Q&A

QUESTIONS?