The Renaissance Unit 9. Unit 9 The Renaissance (Ch. 15 and 16.1-2) SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence and the ideas of Machiavelli.
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SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation.
Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence and the ideas of Machiavelli.
Identify artistic and scientific achievements of Leonardo da Vinci, the “Renaissance man,” and Michelangelo.
Explain the main characteristics of humanism; include the ideas of Petrarch, Dante, and Erasmus.
Analyze the impact of the Protestant Reformation; include the ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin.
Describe the Counter Reformation at the Council of Trent and the role of the Jesuits.
Describe the English Reformation and the role of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.
Explain the importance of Gutenberg and the invention of the printing press.
SSWWH10 The Student will analyze the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
Explain the roles of explorers and conquistadors; include Zheng He, Vasco de Gama, Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, James Cook, and Samuel de Champlain.
Define the Columbian Exchange and its global economic and cultural impact.
Explain the role of improved technology in European exploration; include the astrolabe.
SSWH13 The student will examine the intellectual, political, social, and economic factors that changed the world view of Europeans.
a. Explain the scientific contributions of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton and how these ideas changed the European world view.
Revival of trade: 11th century
The Money Changer and his Wife
* New economic elite
*Oligarchies and dictatorships
Roman Empire ruins reminded Italians of ancient Roman glory
Crusades and trade—contact with the Byzantine civilization, whose scholars had preserved Greek and Roman learning.
Trade—allowed Italians to learn of Arab and African achievements in science and medicine.
Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, and Venice had grown rich through trade and industry.
These and other factors helped to encourage curiosity and the search for new knowledge among Italian thinkers.
The city that is given the most credit for the birth of the Renaissance
education important, critical approach
admiration for individual achievement
Should lead a meaningful life
supporting the arts
belief in human dignity
A renaissance man or polymath is a person who is skilled in multiple fields or multiple disciplines, and who has a broad base of knowledge.
The quintessential renaissance man—Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
David 1504 marble
The Pieta 1499
Detail of Michelangelo’s Work