Early Civilizations. Early Man. Early Humans What we know about the earliest people comes from the things they left behind. Archaeologists – hunt for evidence buried in the ground Artifacts - weapons, tools, and other things
buried in the ground
made by humans
society (how they developed and
how they related to one another.
PUBLICATIONS: Textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, encyclopedias
interprets and analyzes primary sources
A journal/magazine article which interprets or reviews previous findings
A history textbook
A book about the effects of WWI
Paleolithic means “old stone” in the Greek language.
Roughly 2.5 million years ago – around 8000 B.C.
What does this tell us about life in the Paleolithic Age?
Primary or Secondary Source?
People started farming, building communities, producing goods, and trading.
the Ӧtztal Alps where he
GEOGRAPHY influenced the development of river valley civilizations.
does the Tigris and the
Euphrates Rivers flow?
region of Mesopotamia was
so well suited for the growth
Why was this a perfect place for the 1st civilization?
At the top was a shrine or a special place of worship that only the priests and priestesses could enter.Ziggurat
The area around the ziggurat contained palaces and royal storehouses. The surrounding walls had only one entrance because the ziggurat also served as the city’s treasury.
Had some rights
Could buy and sell property and run businesses
Sumerians left a lasting mark on world history. Their ideas and inventions were copied and improved upon by other people.
Developed to keep track of business deals and other events.
“If a man stole the property of church or state, that man shall be put to death;also the one who received the stolen goods from his hand shall be put todeath.”
The laws governed such things as lying, stealing, assault, debt, business partnerships, marriage, and divorce. In seeking protection for all members of Babylonian society, Hammurabi relied on the philosophy of equal retaliation, otherwise known as “an eye for an eye.”
higher rank, then he shall be whipped
60 times in public.
Sumerians (ancient Sumer’s city-states)
(3000 B.C. - 1800 B.C.)
2. Babylonians(Babylonian Empire)
( 1800 B.C. - 1200 B.C.
Assyrians (Assyrian Empire)
(1200 B.C. - 539 B.C.)
4. Persians(Persian Empire)
(539 B.C. - 330 B.C.)
Assyrians and Chaldeans
A stone carving of the Assyrians conquering an Egyptian town in their war on Egypt.