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WATER THE MOTHER OF LIFE. WATER x India’s first Knowledge Center on Drinking Water. The Foundation of Good Health is Good Water…. Amazing Facts of Water. Today,the amount of water on earth remains exactly the same as it was billions of years ago- no more, no less.

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Water the mother of life

WATER THE MOTHER OF LIFE


Water the mother of life

WATERx

India’s first Knowledge Center on Drinking Water




Water the mother of life

Today,the amount of water on earth remains exactly the same as it was billions of years ago- no more, no less.

The water molecule which we have been using today might have been drunk by some dinosaur.


Water the mother of life


Forms of water
FORMS OF WATER and seas.



Water the mother of life

WATER & HUMAN and seas.


Water humanbeing

6.6 and seas.

Lorries!

WATER & HUMANBEING

  • 72% of our body is water

  • On average a person drinks about 60,000 liters. of water during his lifetime.

  • Metro water is supplying water to the consumers through lorries of 9000 liters capacity


Why do we need water
Why do we need Water? and seas.

  • W orks to keep muscles and skin toned.

  • A ids in weight loss.

  • T ransports oxygen & nutrients to cells.

  • E liminates toxins & waste from the body.

  • R egulates body temperature.


Water the mother of life

  • In human body two-third is water. and seas.

  • Water is essential nutrient that is involved in every function of the body.

  • 50,000 billion! That is the number of cells which contain two thirds of the water in our bodies!

  • Just like the air, water is essential to life.



Dehydration
Dehydration and seas.

  • Dehydration means the body does not have enough fluids to function at an optimal level.

  • Dehydration can be caused by fluid loss (through vomiting, diarrhea or excessive urination), inadequate intake, or a combination of both.

  • Decrease in skin turgor is indicated when the skin (on the back of the hand for an adult or on the abdomen for a child) is pulled up for a few seconds and does not return to its original state.


Dehydration types
Dehydration Types and seas.

  • Dehydration is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the percentage of body weight lost during the acute illness.


Dehydration prevention
Dehydration Prevention and seas.

  • Always encourage fluids during an illness, and remember that fluid needs are increased with fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.

  • The easiest signs to monitor are…

    • urine output

    • saliva in the mouth

    • and tears while crying

    • Avoid using water as the primary replacement fluid, especially in infants.


Water the mother of life

Where do we get our Drinking Water? and seas.

Lakes and

Reservoirs

Rivers and

Streams

Ground

Water Wells


What is groundwater
WHAT IS GROUNDWATER? and seas.

  • Groundwater is water that comes from the ground.

  • Amazingly, many people use groundwater but don't even know it.


Where does groundwater comes from
Where does groundwater comes from? and seas.

  • Groundwater comes mainly from rain, that soaks into the ground.

  • The water moves down into the ground because of gravity, it reaches a depth where the ground is filled, or saturated, with water.

  • The area that is filled with water is called the saturated zone and the top of this zone is called the water table.


Surface water
SURFACE WATER and seas.

  • The water in lakes, rivers, or oceans is called surface water...it's on the surface.

  • Water in a lake can soak down into the ground and become groundwater.


Bore well
BORE WELL and seas.

  • Groundwater is stored in the ground in materials like gravel or sand.

  • It's kind of like the earth is a big sponge holding all that water. Water can also move through rock formations like sandstone or through cracks in rocks.

  • An area that holds a lot of water, which can be pumped up is called an aquifer.


Water contamination
WATER CONTAMINATION and seas.

  • It can become polluted from

    • Industrial waste water

    • Domestic waste water

    • leaky underground tanks that store gasoline, leaky landfills

    • when people apply fertilizer or pesticides on their fields or lawns.

  • When pollutants leak, spill, or are carelessly dumped on the ground they can move through the soil.



Water the mother of life

PHYSICAL POLLUTION and seas.

What You See

Dust, dirt, mud, etc…



Water the mother of life

The and seas. Invisible Enemy in Water


Bacteria
BACTERIA and seas.

  • The most abundant organisms on Earth, bacterialive almost everywhere.

  • They live in the soil and water, in plants and animals.

  • They take the form of spheres, rods or spirals, bacteria consist of a single cell.


Virus
VIRUS and seas.

  • Viruses can appear as spirals, 20-sided figures or even more complicated forms.

  • They consist mainly of genetic material--DNA or RNA.

  • They are not cells, however, and cannot carry out life functions on their own.

  • Living inside the cells of other species, viruses use the host cells to grow and produce new viral particles.

  • As they take over genetic material to reproduce themselves, the host cells often die.


Virus multiplication
VIRUS MULTIPLICATION and seas.

  • All viruses follow the same basic steps in what is known as the lytic cycle (see figure):

  • A virus particle attaches to a host cell.

  • The particle releases its genetic instructions into the host cell.

  • The injected genetic material recruits the host cell's enzymes.

  • The enzymes make parts for more new virus particles.

  • The new particles assemble the parts into new viruses.

  • The new particles break free from the host cell.


Protozoa
PROTOZOA and seas.

  • Protozoa consist of a single cell that includes a nucleus.

  • They can be parasitic, needing to live within another organism, or free-living in moist habitats.

  • The similarity of inner structures of protozoan and human cells makes it difficult to treat infections caused by protozoa.

  • Protozoan infections include amoebic dysentery, giardiasis, etc,..




How are they spread
How are they Spread? treating drinking and wastewater

  • A person may be infected by drinking contaminated water, or by direct or hand-to-mouth transfer of the bacteria from feces or contaminated surfaces.


Water the mother of life

BACTERIAL treating drinking and wastewaterDISEASES


Water the mother of life

VIRAL DISEASES treating drinking and wastewater


What are the symptoms
What are the Symptoms? treating drinking and wastewater

  • Human symptoms for water-borne illnesses range from fever and malaise to the better known gastro intestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and stomach aches.

  • Most water-borne illnesses cause:

    • Abdominal discomfort

    • Fever

    • Vomiting

    • Diarrhea

    • Symptoms are more severe for people with weakened immune systems and can lead to death.


How to prevent
How to Prevent? treating drinking and wastewater

  • Always wash your hands before handling food.

  • Wash fruits and vegetables with clean water.

  • Avoid unpastuerized milk and dairy products.

  • Don’t swallow water from lakes, rivers or pools.

  • Water swallowed while swimming may contain harmful bacteria.

  • Clean surfaces where diapers are changed after every use.

  • Foods and drinks, in particular raw fruits and vegetables maybe contaminated if not washed properly with pure water.


Which purification technology is correct for you
WHICH PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY treating drinking and wastewaterIS CORRECT FOR YOU?


Water purification methods
WATER PURIFICATION METHODS treating drinking and wastewater

  • FILTRATION

  • BOILING

  • CHLORINATION

  • OZONISATION

  • IODINATION

  • U.V. TECHNOLOGY

  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY


Candle filters act as breeding grounds for bacteria
Candle filters act as breeding grounds for bacteria treating drinking and wastewater

FILTRATION


Water the mother of life

BOILING… treating drinking and wastewater


Chlorination
CHLORINATION treating drinking and wastewater

  • Chlorination is the process of treating water with Chlorine.

  • Needs a Contact Time of 45 Minutes.

  • Danger of over dosing.

  • Makes water more corrosive properties .

  • Taste and smell in the water.

    Advantage :

  • Cheap method of purification.

  • Used for public water supply.


Chlorination1
CHLORINATION treating drinking and wastewater

  • Some viruses are resistant to chlorine.

  • Chlorination by-products like trihalomethane (THM), Chloramine are carcinogenic.


Ozonisation
OZONISATION treating drinking and wastewater

  • Ozone is a form of oxygen with the molecular formula O3.

  • It forms when O2 or clean dry air is exposed to a powerful electric current.

  • In nature, it forms in the upper atmosphere when lightning passes through the air.

  • Ozone is unstable and changes to O2 shortly after its formation.

  • It is a powerful oxidant and one of the disinfectants available for water treatment.


Water the mother of life

OZONISATION treating drinking and wastewater

  • Expensive

  • Highly Unstable

  • Monitoring is difficult

  • Minimum Contact time required

  • Direct inhalation can lead to tissue damage


Iodination
IODINATION treating drinking and wastewater

  • Iodination is the process of treating water with Iodine.

  • This kills the microbial load in the water.

  • Iodine is an essential element required for normal growth and development

  • Required for the synthesis of thyroid

  • Required 10 – 100 microgram/ day

  • To prevent Goiter – 1 microgram / Kg body weight /day


Water the mother of life

FRAGMENTED DNA treating drinking and wastewater

ULTRA VIOLET TECHNOLOGY

  • UV rays at 253.7 nm is highly bactericidal.

  • It penetrates the cell wall of the bacteria and attack the DNA directly.

  • Due to this the DNA will be fragmented and the bacteria leads to death.


Membrane technology
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY treating drinking and wastewater


Osmosis
OSMOSIS treating drinking and wastewater


Reverse osmosis
REVERSE OSMOSIS treating drinking and wastewater


Principle of r o operation
PRINCIPLE OF R.O. OPERATION treating drinking and wastewater


R o technology
R.O. TECHNOLOGY treating drinking and wastewater

  • Selective permeability

  • High quality output water

  • Can remove dissolved Salts and Minerals

  • Helps to remove the pesticides & metal traces

  • Can convert salt water to drinking water

  • High initial cost and maintenance

  • Requires pressure pump

  • Recovery rate is 20-30% only.


Water the mother of life

Clean and green wishes treating drinking and wastewater

to you all…..

Thanks…