Describe and evaluate one treatment or therapy from each of the approaches. Joelle Cornwall. Social Approach: Family Therapy.
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Social Control: this therapy is evidence of social control as it does not just target an individual but includes the entire family and teaches them to adjust to a socially acceptable ‘healthy’ way of interacting with each other.
Describe: This therapy helps the client identify with negative irrational thoughts and replace them with more rational positive ways of thinking. Therapy involves both cognitive and behavioural elements.
Evidence: Ellis 1991 developed the ABC model to illustrate how thoughts can lead to maladaptive behaviour:
Activating Event: Occurrence of an unpleasant event
Describe: this therapy gets the patient to say whatever comes into their mind. this enables people to cope with internal conflicts that cause disturbance by bringing them to a more conscious level. The analyst responds o this with interpretations of links.
Describe: this approach uses positive reinforcement. In institutional settings the frequency with which particular behaviours are performed can be increased. The desired responses are reinforced with tokens (secondary reinforcers) which can be saved up and exchanged for privileges (primary reinforcers)
Evidence: Petry et al 2006 found use of rewards in alcoholics to be highly effective.
Describe: this involves inducing a convulsive seizure. It was original based on the incorrect premise that schizophrenia and epilepsy do not occur in he same person and hence that if one can induce an epileptic fit in a schizophrenic patient they should be cured of their condition.