slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Card # 15 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Card # 15

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 233

Card # 15 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on

Card # 15 . Economy based on Manufacturing and Industry. Card #15. North. Card #16. Economy based on Agriculture. Card #16. South. Card #17.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Card # 15' - colby


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
card 15
Card # 15
  • Economy based on Manufacturing and Industry
card 16
Card #16
  • Economy based on Agriculture
card 17
Card #17
  • Missouri entered the Union as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state. This Compromise also stated that north of the 36○30’ line, all states that entered the Union would be free states.
card 171
Card #17
  • Missouri Compromise
card 18
Card #18
  • California admitted as a free state. Slave trade abolished in Washington D.C. Stronger slave laws would be passed to help slaveholders recapture runaway slaves.
card 181
Card #18
  • Compromise of 1850
card 19
Card #19
  • allowed for Kansas and Nebraska organize on the basis of popular sovereignty (they would vote themselves to decide if they would be Free or Slave states)
card 191
Card #19
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
card 20
Card #20
  • South Carolina Senator who favored states’ rights and led opposition in South Carolina to the protective Tariff of 1828.
card 201
Card #20
  • John C. Calhoun
card 21
Card #21
  • Senator from Kentucky and known as the “Great Compromiser” for his ability to smooth sectional conflict through balanced legislation. He sponsored the Missouri Compromise in 1820, admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
card 211
Card #21
  • Henry Clay
card 22
Card #22
  • Senator from Massachusetts known as “The Great Orator”; worked to create compromises with the southern states that would delay the start of the Civil War.
card 221
Card #22
  • Daniel Webster
card 23
Card #23
  • Equality – “…all men are created equal.”
  • The Union – restore peace and keep the nation united
  • The Government – “The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth”
  • Liberty – Principles of liberty and equality based on the Declaration of Independence
card 231
Card #23
  • Gettysburg Address
card 24
Card #24
  • leading African-American abolitionist, accomplished orator and writer
card 241
Card #24
  • leading African-American abolitionist, accomplished orator and writer
  • Frederick Douglass
card 25
Card #25
  • key spokesperson for the 19th century women’s suffrage movement
card 251
Card #25
  • key spokesperson for the 19th century women’s suffrage movement
  • Susan B. Anthony
card 26
Card #26
  • leader of the 19th century women’s suffrage movement, called for the first convention of women’s movement in Seneca Falls, wrote the “Declaration of Sentiments” which was approved at the Seneca Falls Convention
card 261
Card #26
  • leader of the 19th century women’s suffrage movement, called for the first convention of women’s movement in Seneca Falls, wrote the “Declaration of Sentiments” which was approved at the Seneca Falls Convention
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
card 27
Card #27
  • Political – Began the fight for suffrage
  • Social – Allowed women to be success in other fields
  • Economic – Fought for worker's rights. Was able to get a 10 hour day
card 271
Card #27
  • Political – Began the fight for suffrage
  • Social – Allowed women to be success in other fields
  • Economic – Fought for worker's rights. Was able to get a 10 hour day
  • contributions of women to American society.
card 28
Card #28
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • opening of public schools primarily in the North as well as private grade schools and colleges by churches and other groups
card 281
Card #28
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • opening of public schools primarily in the North as well as private grade schools and colleges by churches and other groups
  • Public education
card 29
Card #29
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Organized societies that worked at trying to stop the drinking of alcohol. Some states passed laws that made it illegal to sell alcohol
card 291
Card #29
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Organized societies that worked at trying to stop the drinking of alcohol. Some states passed laws that made it illegal to sell alcohol
  • Temperance
card 30
Card #30
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • well organized groups that fought for better working conditions for women. Were able to pass a federal law that ordered a 10 hour working day
card 301
Card #30
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • well organized groups that fought for better working conditions for women. Were able to pass a federal law that ordered a 10 hour working day
  • Women's rights
card 31
Card #31
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Pushed for separate jails for women, men, and children and called for the mission of prisons was to rehabilitate
card 311
Card #31
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Pushed for separate jails for women, men, and children and called for the mission of prisons was to rehabilitate
  • Prison reform
card 32
Card #32
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Building of new hospitals for the mentally ill, deaf and blind.
card 321
Card #32
  • IMPACT OF REFORM MOVEMENTS
  • Building of new hospitals for the mentally ill, deaf and blind.
  • Care of the disabled
card 33
Card #33
  • brought more denominations that intensified the lines between classes and regions. It spawned many of the humanitarian reform movements, eg., prison, women’s rights, temperance, and abolition of slavery
card 331
Card #33
  • brought more denominations that intensified the lines between classes and regions. It spawned many of the humanitarian reform movements, eg., prison, women’s rights, temperance, and abolition of slavery
  • Second Great Awakening
card 34
Card #34
  • an American literary, political and philosophical movement in the early 19th Century (example authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau), they were critics of their contemporary society for its unthinking conformity and urged each individual find their independent relation to the universe (particularly utilizing solitude in nature)
card 341
Card #34
  • an American literary, political and philosophical movement in the early 19th Century (example authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau), they were critics of their contemporary society for its unthinking conformity and urged each individual find their independent relation to the universe (particularly utilizing solitude in nature)
  • Transcendentalism
card 35
Card #35
  • The United States gained a measure of international respect for managing to withstand the British attack
  • Improved the professionalism of the U.S. Army
  • On manufacturing capabilities of the United States: the British blockade of the American coast created a shortage of cotton cloth (previously American cotton was shipped to Britain where it was turned into cloth, then sent back to America) in the United States, leading to the creation of a cotton manufacturing industry, numerous manufacturing establishments were founded (particularly in the Northern region)- left the United States industrially independent of Europe
card 351
Card #35
  • The United States gained a measure of international respect for managing to withstand the British attack
  • Improved the professionalism of the U.S. Army
  • On manufacturing capabilities of the United States: the British blockade of the American coast created a shortage of cotton cloth (previously American cotton was shipped to Britain where it was turned into cloth, then sent back to America) in the United States, leading to the creation of a cotton manufacturing industry, numerous manufacturing establishments were founded (particularly in the Northern region)- left the United States industrially independent of Europe
  • Effects of the War of 1812
card 36
Card #36
  • Positive- Increased communication and trade between the East and the West
  • Negative- Air pollution, destruction of natural environment
card 361
Card #36
  • Positive- Increased communication and trade between the East and the West
  • Negative- Air pollution, destruction of natural environment
  • Railroads
card 37
Card #37
  • Positive- More jobs were available in cities
  • Negative- pollution
card 371
Card #37
  • Positive- More jobs were available in cities
  • Negative- pollution
  • Urbanization
card 38
Card #38
  • The invention of the cotton gin made the cotton-cleaning process more efficient and quicker thus the need arose for a larger work force (drastic rise in the number of slaves in the South)
card 381
Card #38
  • The invention of the cotton gin made the cotton-cleaning process more efficient and quicker thus the need arose for a larger work force (drastic rise in the number of slaves in the South)
  • REASONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLANTATION SYSTEM, THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE, AND THE SPREAD OF SLAVERY
card 39
Card #39
  • Cause – industrialization led to new jobs in cities
  • Effect – urbanization and growth of cities
card 391
Card #39
  • Cause – industrialization led to new jobs in cities
  • Effect – urbanization and growth of cities
  • North
card 40
Card #40
  • Cause – warm climate and fertile soil
  • Effect – plantation system; slave system sustained cash crop economy
  • South
card 41
Card #41
  • As a result of the interruption of trade during the War of 1812, Americans had to rely on US manufactured goods in place of those they had previously imported. US manufacturing grew.
card 411
Card #41
  • As a result of the interruption of trade during the War of 1812, Americans had to rely on US manufactured goods in place of those they had previously imported. US manufacturing grew.
  • WAR OF 1812 AS A CAUSE OF ECONOMIC CHANGES IN THE NATION
card 42
Card #42
  • was preferable to the former mercantilist system the colonies were under Americans’ focus on their rights included the right to choose trade partners, prices and products
card 421
Card #42
  • was preferable to the former mercantilist system the colonies were under Americans’ focus on their rights included the right to choose trade partners, prices and products
  • Free enterprise
card 43
Card #43
  • Poverty and Non-English Speaker (immigrants)
  • Discrimination towards immigrants, women and children wages
  • Know-Nothing Party (strict immigration policies)
  • Overcrowded apartment buildings
  • Crime
  • Disease
  • Fires
card 431
Card #43
  • Poverty and Non-English Speaker (immigrants)
  • Discrimination towards immigrants, women and children wages
  • Know-Nothing Party (strict immigration policies)
  • Overcrowded apartment buildings
  • Crime
  • Disease
  • Fires
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANIZATION AND CONFLICTS RESULTING FROM DIFFERENCES IN RELIGION, SOCIAL CLASS, AND POLITICAL BELIEFS
card 44
Card #44
  • idea that it was meant to be (or divine right) for the United States to expand its territory from sea to sea (Atlantic to Pacific)
card 441
Card #44
  • idea that it was meant to be (or divine right) for the United States to expand its territory from sea to sea (Atlantic to Pacific)
  • Manifest Destiny
card 45
Card #45
  • the belief that the government should not interfere in the economy other than to protect private property rights and to maintain peace
card 451
Card #45
  • the belief that the government should not interfere in the economy other than to protect private property rights and to maintain peace
  • Laissez-faire
card 46
Card #46
  • people who risk their capital in organizing and running a business
card 461
Card #46
  • people who risk their capital in organizing and running a business
  • Entrepreneurship
card 47
Card #47
  • Increased factory production and led to the growth of cities like New Orleans and St. Louis because it could move goods and people faster up and down rivers.
card 471
Card #47
  • Increased factory production and led to the growth of cities like New Orleans and St. Louis because it could move goods and people faster up and down rivers.
  • Steamboat
card 48
Card #48
  • parts for devices were made to be nearly identical so that they could fit into any device of the same type, this allows easy assembly of new devices and efficient repair of existing devices, (e.g., guns – before the 18th century they were made by gunsmiths and each gun was unique, if a single component needed a replacement the entire weapon had to be sent back to the gunsmith for custom repairs, interchangeable parts drastically increased productivity and efficiency of production and repair)
card 481
Card #48
  • parts for devices were made to be nearly identical so that they could fit into any device of the same type, this allows easy assembly of new devices and efficient repair of existing devices, (e.g., guns – before the 18th century they were made by gunsmiths and each gun was unique, if a single component needed a replacement the entire weapon had to be sent back to the gunsmith for custom repairs, interchangeable parts drastically increased productivity and efficiency of production and repair)
  • Interchangeable parts
card 49
Card #49
  • the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel. It decreased the cost which allowed increase in steel production and work force.
card 491
Card #49
  • the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel. It decreased the cost which allowed increase in steel production and work force.
  • Bessemer Steel Process
card 50
Card #50
  • increased farm productivity
card 501
Card #50
  • increased farm productivity
  • Mechanical Reaper
card 51
Card #51
  • man-made waterways used for travel and/or shipping (The Erie Canal (1825) proved to be the key that unlocked an enormous series of social and economic changes in the young nation. The Canal spurred the first great westward movement of American settlers, gave access to the rich land and resources west of the Appalachians and helped make New York the preeminent commercial city in the United States).
car 51
Car #51
  • man-made waterways used for travel and/or shipping (The Erie Canal (1825) proved to be the key that unlocked an enormous series of social and economic changes in the young nation. The Canal spurred the first great westward movement of American settlers, gave access to the rich land and resources west of the Appalachians and helped make New York the preeminent commercial city in the United States).
  • Canals
card 52
Card #52
  • Connected the Eastern coast with the Western Coast (California), previously investors saw the West as worthless sage brush, insurmountable mountains and a few scattered settlers, now it was open to economic expansion and settlement; immigrants used the railroad to migrate west and to form new immigrant settlements in western states and territories
card 521
Card #52
  • Connected the Eastern coast with the Western Coast (California), previously investors saw the West as worthless sage brush, insurmountable mountains and a few scattered settlers, now it was open to economic expansion and settlement; immigrants used the railroad to migrate west and to form new immigrant settlements in western states and territories
  • Transcontinental Railroad
card 53
Card #53
  • transmitted electric signals over wires from location to a location that translated it into a message; many telegraph lines followed railroads; enhanced communication abilities, particularly after 1860 (during the increased settlement of the west)
card 531
Card #53
  • transmitted electric signals over wires from location to a location that translated it into a message; many telegraph lines followed railroads; enhanced communication abilities, particularly after 1860 (during the increased settlement of the west)
  • Telegraph
card 54
Card #54
  • Orderly procedure for establishing territories and applying for statehood
  • As a territory grew in population, it gained rights to self government
  • To become a state, the following requirements had to be met:
    • At least 5,000 men who owned at least 50 acres
    • 60,000 people
    • Established self-government
card 541
Card #54
  • Orderly procedure for establishing territories and applying for statehood
  • As a territory grew in population, it gained rights to self government
  • To become a state, the following requirements had to be met:
    • At least 5,000 men who owned at least 50 acres
    • 60,000 people
    • Established self-government
  • Northwest Ordinance
card 55
Card #55
  • President Polk’s desire to expand the United States (Manifest Destiny)
  • Border Dispute concerning the southern boundary of Texas (Rio Grande was claimed by Texas and disputed by Mexico)
card 551
Card #55
  • President Polk’s desire to expand the United States (Manifest Destiny)
  • Border Dispute concerning the southern boundary of Texas (Rio Grande was claimed by Texas and disputed by Mexico)
  • Causes of the U.S.-Mexican War
card 56
Card #56
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) ends the war, grants the United States the Mexican territory of New Mexico, Arizona, and California
  • United States paid Mexico $10 million for the Gadsden Purchase to help repay Mexico for the annexation of Texas in 1845.
card 561
Card #56
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) ends the war, grants the United States the Mexican territory of New Mexico, Arizona, and California
  • United States paid Mexico $10 million for the Gadsden Purchase to help repay Mexico for the annexation of Texas in 1845.
  • Effects of the U.S.-Mexican War
card 57
Card #57
  • Year of the Louisiana Purchase
card 571
Card #57
  • Year of the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1803
card 58
Card #58
  • Remove Native Americans; refuge for persecuted groups (Mormons)
card 581
Card #58
  • Remove Native Americans; refuge for persecuted groups (Mormons)
  • Social Roots of Manifest Destiny
card 59
Card #59
  • Expansion of our nation’s borders/ territory; expansion of slavery
card 591
Card #59
  • Expansion of our nation’s borders/ territory; expansion of slavery
  • Political Roots of Manifest Destiny
card 60
Card #60
  • New land for farmers; new trade routes and markets( Santa Fe Trail) ; new opportunities to start a business
card 601
Card #60
  • New land for farmers; new trade routes and markets( Santa Fe Trail) ; new opportunities to start a business
  • Economic Roots of Manifest Destiny
card 61
Card #61
  • American Progress Picture
card 611
Card #61
  • American Progress Picture
  • by John Gast.
card 62
Card #62
  • Andrew Jackson's election signaled a shift of power to the common man (eliminated property ownership as a prerequisite for voting and an expansion of suffrage rights)
  • His views left a legacy to the modern Democratic party
  • Democracy in social, economic and political life
  • Government by the people
card 621
Card #62
  • Andrew Jackson's election signaled a shift of power to the common man (eliminated property ownership as a prerequisite for voting and an expansion of suffrage rights)
  • His views left a legacy to the modern Democratic party
  • Democracy in social, economic and political life
  • Government by the people
  • IMPACT OF THE ELECTION OF ANDREW JACKSON
card 63
Card #63
  • Gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain in the east would become citizens of their home state. This act affected not only the southeastern nations, but many others further north. The removal was supposed to be voluntary and peaceful, and it was that way for the tribes that agreed to the conditions. But the southeastern nations resisted, and Jackson forced them to leave.
card 631
Card #63
  • Gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain in the east would become citizens of their home state. This act affected not only the southeastern nations, but many others further north. The removal was supposed to be voluntary and peaceful, and it was that way for the tribes that agreed to the conditions. But the southeastern nations resisted, and Jackson forced them to leave.
  • INDIAN REMOVAL ACT
card 64
Card #64
  • in 1836, the Cherokee were given two years to migrate voluntarily, at the end of which time they would be forcibly removed. By 1838 only 2,000 had migrated; 16,000 remained on their land. The U.S. government sent in 7,000 troops, who forced the Cherokees into stockades at bayonet point. They were not allowed time to gather their belongings, and as they left, whites looted their homes. Then began the march known as the Trail of Tears, in which 4,000 Cherokee people died of cold, hunger, and disease on their way to the western lands.
card 641
Card #64
  • in 1836, the Cherokee were given two years to migrate voluntarily, at the end of which time they would be forcibly removed. By 1838 only 2,000 had migrated; 16,000 remained on their land. The U.S. government sent in 7,000 troops, who forced the Cherokees into stockades at bayonet point. They were not allowed time to gather their belongings, and as they left, whites looted their homes. Then began the march known as the Trail of Tears, in which 4,000 Cherokee people died of cold, hunger, and disease on their way to the western lands.
  • TRAIL OF TEARS
card 65
Card #65
  • The Bank of the United States was extremely powerful and it controlled the nation’s money supply. Jackson viewed this bank as a bank made up of elitists run by private wealthy bankers. When Jackson was given the option to sign a renewed charter bank bill, he decided to veto it instead.
card 651
Card #65
  • The Bank of the United States was extremely powerful and it controlled the nation’s money supply. Jackson viewed this bank as a bank made up of elitists run by private wealthy bankers. When Jackson was given the option to sign a renewed charter bank bill, he decided to veto it instead.
  • BANKING SYSTEM
card 66
Card #66
  • During the Andrew Jackson administration, a tariff debate continued to develop. Congress endorsed high tariffs on any goods manufactured in Europe. Many Americans welcomed these protective tariffs, especially Americans living in the Northeastern states where industry thrived. Southerners were in disagreement with the protective tariffs because Americans would now have to pay higher prices for goods manufactured in the U.S.
card 661
Card #66
  • During the Andrew Jackson administration, a tariff debate continued to develop. Congress endorsed high tariffs on any goods manufactured in Europe. Many Americans welcomed these protective tariffs, especially Americans living in the Northeastern states where industry thrived. Southerners were in disagreement with the protective tariffs because Americans would now have to pay higher prices for goods manufactured in the U.S.
  • PROTECTIVE TARRIFF
card 67
Card #67
  • Andrew Jackson opposed a strong central government and opposed unreasonable taxation exercised by the federal government. Jackson believed that taxation could quickly lead to an abuse of power and control over the American people.
card 671
Card #67
  • Andrew Jackson opposed a strong central government and opposed unreasonable taxation exercised by the federal government. Jackson believed that taxation could quickly lead to an abuse of power and control over the American people.
  • TAXATION
card 68
Card #68
  • In Worcester v. Georgia (1832) the court ruled in favor of Worcester. The U.S. government and not the state of Georgia had the authority to make treaties or any type of regulations with Native Americans. President Andrew Jackson responded by enforcing the Indian Removal Act. He also responded by siding with Georgia and chose not to enforce the Supreme Court ruling.
card 681
Card #68
  • In Worcester v. Georgia (1832) the court ruled in favor of Worcester. The U.S. government and not the state of Georgia had the authority to make treaties or any type of regulations with Native Americans. President Andrew Jackson responded by enforcing the Indian Removal Act. He also responded by siding with Georgia and chose not to enforce the Supreme Court ruling.
  • RESPONSE OF ANDREW JACKSON
card 69
Card #69
  • a plan or course of action to make decisions
card 691
Card #69
  • a plan or course of action to make decisions
  • POLICY
card 70
Card #70
  • the action of a state impending or attempting to prevent the operation and enforcement of a law of the United States
card 701
Card #70
  • the action of a state impending or attempting to prevent the operation and enforcement of a law of the United States
  • NULLIFICATION
card 71
Card #71
  • the movement of people to a new location or settlement
card 711
Card #71
  • the movement of people to a new location or settlement
  • RESETTLEMENT
card 72
Card #72
  • Strong national government
  • Loose construction of the Constitution
  • Favored national bank and tariffs
  • Manufacturing and shipping based economy
card 721
Card #72
  • Strong national government
  • Loose construction of the Constitution
  • Favored national bank and tariffs
  • Manufacturing and shipping based economy
  • Federalist Party
card 73
Card #73
  • Leaders/support of the Federalist Party
card 731
Card #73
  • Leaders/support of the Federalist Party
  • Alexander Hamilton and John Adams/Northern merchants and manufacturers
card 74
Card #74
  • Limited national government
  • Strict construction of the Constitution
  • Opposed national bank and tariffs
  • Agricultural economy
card 741
Card #74
  • Limited national government
  • Strict construction of the Constitution
  • Opposed national bank and tariffs
  • Agricultural economy
  • Democratic-Republicans
card 75
Card #75
  • Leaders/supporters of the Democratic-Republicans
card 751
Card #75
  • Leaders/supporters of the Democratic-Republicans
  • Thomas Jefferson and James Madison/farmers and workers
card 76
Card #76
  • a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch, a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law
card 761
Card #76
  • a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch, a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law
  • Republic
card 77
Card #77
  • group of people that supports a candidate running for a government position
card 771
Card #77
  • group of people that supports a candidate running for a government position
  • Political Party
card 78
Card #78
  • relations with governments of other countries
card 781
Card #78
  • relations with governments of other countries
  • Foreign Policy
card 79
Card #79
  • policy of nonparticipation in international economic and/or political relations
card 791
Card #79
  • policy of nonparticipation in international economic and/or political relations
  • Isolationism
card 80
Card #80
  • the state of remaining independent and not forming political alliances with other countries
card 801
Card #80
  • the state of remaining independent and not forming political alliances with other countries
  • Neutrality
card 81
Card #81
  • the theory or practice of intervening; governmental interference in political affairs of another country
card 811
Card #81
  • the theory or practice of intervening; governmental interference in political affairs of another country
  • Interventionism
card 82
Card #82
  • Farmers in western Pennsylvania staged a rebellion against a government tax on whiskey and the grain it was made from. (it was decreasing their profits on the grain they produced) Washington sent out federal troops to put down the uprising. The rebels fled.
card 821
Card #82
  • Farmers in western Pennsylvania staged a rebellion against a government tax on whiskey and the grain it was made from. (it was decreasing their profits on the grain they produced) Washington sent out federal troops to put down the uprising. The rebels fled.
  • Whiskey Rebellion
card 83
Card #83
  • The French were seizing American ships to prevent Americans from trading with the British. The British and French were at war. X, Y, and Z referred to the French agents that assured the American negotiators that they could meet with French minister. The French agreed to stop if the Americans agreed to give France a loan of $10 million and a bribe to the minister of $250,000. America refused and Congress canceled their treaties with France, allowed France to seize French ships, and set aside money to increase the U.S. military.
card 831
Card #83
  • The French were seizing American ships to prevent Americans from trading with the British. The British and French were at war. X, Y, and Z referred to the French agents that assured the American negotiators that they could meet with French minister. The French agreed to stop if the Americans agreed to give France a loan of $10 million and a bribe to the minister of $250,000. America refused and Congress canceled their treaties with France, allowed France to seize French ships, and set aside money to increase the U.S. military.
  • XYZ affair
card 84
Card #84
  • Laws that targeted immigrants (aliens). Immigrants had to wait to become citizens and could be removed from the country or jailed if they were disloyal or if they said or wrote anything false or harmful about the government (sedition).
card 841
Card #84
  • Laws that targeted immigrants (aliens). Immigrants had to wait to become citizens and could be removed from the country or jailed if they were disloyal or if they said or wrote anything false or harmful about the government (sedition).
  • Alien and Sedition Act
card 85
Card #85
  • Prohibited American from trading with foreign nations. The act was intended to prevent American entrance into the Napoleonic war by keeping the ships in American harbors. It failed and hurt the American economy
card 851
Card #85
  • Prohibited American from trading with foreign nations. The act was intended to prevent American entrance into the Napoleonic war by keeping the ships in American harbors. It failed and hurt the American economy
  • Embargo Act 1807
card 86
Card #86
  • Proclaimed that European powers should no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the nations of the Americas
  • The U.S. saw itself as a world power and a protector of Latin America.
  • Prevented other nations from colonizing in the America even today
card 861
Card #86
  • Proclaimed that European powers should no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the nations of the Americas
  • The U.S. saw itself as a world power and a protector of Latin America.
  • Prevented other nations from colonizing in the America even today
  • Monroe Doctrine
card 87
Card #87

Urged nation to be neutral and steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.

Recognized the dangers of political parties and warned that attacks by political parties could weaken the nation

His advice guides U.S. foreign policy even to today

card 871
Card #87

Urged nation to be neutral and steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.

Recognized the dangers of political parties and warned that attacks by political parties could weaken the nation

His advice guides U.S. foreign policy even to today

WASHINGTON’S FAREWELL ADDRESS

card 88
Card #88

Avoided war with France though many disagreed with him.

XYZ Affair

Alien and Sedition Act

card 881
Card #88

Avoided war with France though many disagreed with him.

XYZ Affair

Alien and Sedition Act

JOHN ADAM’S FOREIGN POLICY

card 89
Card #89

Tried to avoid foreign involvement, keeping George Washington’s advice to maintain neutrality.

Embargo Act 1807

card 891
Card #89

Tried to avoid foreign involvement, keeping George Washington’s advice to maintain neutrality.

Embargo Act 1807

THOMAS JEFFERSON’S FOREIGN POLICY

card 90
Card #90

Was the commander in chief during the War of 1812 which ended the complications between Britain and the United States

card 901
Card #90

Was the commander in chief during the War of 1812 which ended the complications between Britain and the United States

JAMES MADISON’S FOREIGN POLICY

card 91
Card #91
  • Impressments of U.S. sailors
  • Shipping interference
  • British supported American Indian resistance against Americans
  • War Hawks – persuaded Congress to support a declaration of war against Britain
card 911
Card #91
    • Impressments of U.S. sailors
    • Shipping interference
    • British supported American Indian resistance against Americans
    • War Hawks – persuaded Congress to support a declaration of war against Britain
  • Causes of the War of 1812
card 92
Card #92

In 1814, the British occupied DC and set fire to many public buildings. Dolley Madison saved the Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington from the Presidents’ mansion

card 921
Card #92

In 1814, the British occupied DC and set fire to many public buildings. Dolley Madison saved the Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington from the Presidents’ Mansion

Attacks of Washington DC

card 93
Card #93

Francis Scott Key wrote poem “Defence of Fort McHenry," from which the “Star Spangled Banner” was written, after witnessing the bombardment by the British Royal Navy ships

card 931
Card #93

Francis Scott Key wrote poem “Defence of Fort McHenry," from which the “Star Spangled Banner” was written, after witnessing the bombardment by the British Royal Navy ships

Fort McHenry

card 94
Card #94

Treaty of Ghent was “in process” when the battle began. General Andrew Jackson defeated the British, who were intent on seizing New Orleans and the land America had acquired with the Louisiana Purchase. The victory made Jackson a national hero.

card 941
Card #94

Treaty of Ghent was “in process” when the battle began. General Andrew Jackson defeated the British, who were intent on seizing New Orleans and the land America had acquired with the Louisiana Purchase. The victory made Jackson a national hero.

Battle of New Orleans

card 95
Card #95

peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 and restored relations between the US and Britain to pre-war status.

card 951
Card #95

peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 and restored relations between the US and Britain to pre-war status.

Treaty of Ghent

card 96
Card #96

This war between America and Britain established the U.S. as a country with an identity when the new country defended its first "invasion", proving it was a powerful force. No territory was gained or lost and there was no clear winner

card 961
Card #96

This war between America and Britain established the U.S. as a country with an identity when the new country defended its first "invasion", proving it was a powerful force. No territory was gained or lost and there was no clear winner

Significance of the War of 1812

card 97
Card #97
  • process of approving the Constitution
card 971
Card #97
  • process of approving the Constitution
  • Ratification
card 98
Card #98
  • Year of the writing of the U.S. Constitution
  • (Year the Constitution was ratified)
card 981
Card #98
  • Year of the writing of the U.S. Constitution
  • 1787
  • (Year the Constitution was ratified)
  • (1789)
card 99
Card #99
  • Large state plan that proposed representation based on population size
card 991
Card #99
  • Large state plan that proposed representation based on population size
  • Virginia Plan
card 100
Card #100
  • Small state plan that proposed equal representation among all states
card 1001
Card #100
  • Small state plan that proposed equal representation among all states
  • New Jersey Plan
card 101
Card #101
  • Constitution resulted in a two-house legislature with House of Representatives based on population and the Senate maintaining equal representation from all states
card 1011
Card #101
  • Constitution resulted in a two-house legislature with House of Representatives based on population and the Senate maintaining equal representation from all states
  • Great Compromise
card 102
Card #102
  • Three-Fifths of the slave population would be counted when setting direct taxes on the states and three-fifths ratio would also be used to determine representation in the legislature
card 1021
Card #102
  • Three-Fifths of the slave population would be counted when setting direct taxes on the states and three-fifths ratio would also be used to determine representation in the legislature
  • Three-Fifths Compromise
card 103
Card #103
  • States’ Rights (result of strong fear of a tyrannical leader)
  • Confederation of states with equal voice in Congress
  • Congress had power to make war and peace, sign treaties; raise an army and navy; print money, and set up a postal system
card 1031
Card #103
  • States’ Rights (result of strong fear of a tyrannical leader)
  • Confederation of states with equal voice in Congress
  • Congress had power to make war and peace, sign treaties; raise an army and navy; print money, and set up a postal system
  • STRENGTHS OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
card 104
Card #104
  • No national taxes (no ability to gain national revenue to pay for army, navy, or other national interests; had to ask the states for money which they often ignored)
  • No federal court system (no ability to settle disputes between states)
  • Lack of strong federal government (reduced ability to settle disputes over state boundaries)
  • No power to regulate commerce (quarrels about taxes on goods that crossed state borders)
  • No federal leader (no ―Executive‖ to lead the country)
  • Limited military = No protection
card 1041
Card #104
  • No national taxes (no ability to gain national revenue to pay for army, navy, or other national interests; had to ask the states for money which they often ignored)
  • No federal court system (no ability to settle disputes between states)
  • Lack of strong federal government (reduced ability to settle disputes over state boundaries)
  • No power to regulate commerce (quarrels about taxes on goods that crossed state borders)
  • No federal leader (no ―Executive‖ to lead the country)
  • Limited military = No protection
  • WEAKNESSES OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
card 105
Card #105
  • Support ratification of the Constitution with a focus on the need for a strong central government with restricted powers. (The Constitution sets up for a strong central government with separated powers and a system of checks and balances)
card 1051
Card #105
  • Support ratification of the Constitution with a focus on the need for a strong central government with restricted powers. (The Constitution sets up for a strong central government with separated powers and a system of checks and balances)
  • Federalist Papers
card 106
Card #106
  • Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because it lacked protection of individual rights. (When the Constitution was ratified, the first ten amendments—Bill of Rights—were immediately added to protect those rights)
card 1061
Card #106
  • Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because it lacked protection of individual rights. (When the Constitution was ratified, the first ten amendments—Bill of Rights—were immediately added to protect those rights)
  • Anti-Federalist writings
card 107
Card #107
  • Argued that states’ rights should remain powerful over key issues. Remained of the opinion that we fought the Revolution to get away from strong central government. Believed that the Constitution should protect individual rights.
  • Leader of the Anti-Federalists
card 1071
Card #107
  • Argued that states’ rights should remain powerful over key issues. Remained of the opinion that we fought the Revolution to get away from strong central government. Believed that the Constitution should protect individual rights.
  • Anti-Federalist
  • Leader of the Anti-Federalists
  • George Mason
card 108
Card #108
  • change to the Constitution after following the formal process
card 1081
Card #108
  • change to the Constitution after following the formal process
  • AMENDMENT
card 109
Card #109
  • the Constitution and laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of their elected, appointed, or inherited positions. Everyone, including all authority figures, must obey the laws (rule of law). Government is restricted in what it may do.
card 1091
Card #109
  • the Constitution and laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of their elected, appointed, or inherited positions. Everyone, including all authority figures, must obey the laws (rule of law). Government is restricted in what it may do.
  • Limited Govenment
card 110
Card #110
  • a philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people, government is based on the consent of the governed
card 1101
Card #110
  • a philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people, government is based on the consent of the governed
  • Republicanism
card 111
Card #111
  • system that does not allow any one branch of the government to have too much power. Example: The President can veto legislation passed by Congress, but Congress can override the veto. The Senate confirms major appointments made by the President, and the courts may declare acts passed by Congress as unconstitutional.
card 1111
Card #111
  • system that does not allow any one branch of the government to have too much power. Example: The President can veto legislation passed by Congress, but Congress can override the veto. The Senate confirms major appointments made by the President, and the courts may declare acts passed by Congress as unconstitutional.
  • Checks and Balances
card 112
Card #112
  • the distribution of power between a federal government and the states within a union. In the Constitution, certain powers are delegated to only states, others only the federal government and others are shared powers.
card 1121
Card #112
  • the distribution of power between a federal government and the states within a union. In the Constitution, certain powers are delegated to only states, others only the federal government and others are shared powers.
  • Federalism
card 113
Card #113
  • Legislative branch – law making body (House of Representatives and Senate)
  • Executive branch – branch of the government that executes or enforces the laws (President)
  • Judicial branch – branch of the government that interprets the laws (Supreme Court)
card 1131
Card #113
  • Legislative branch – law making body (House of Representatives and Senate)
  • Executive branch – branch of the government that executes or enforces the laws (President)
  • Judicial branch – branch of the government that interprets the laws (Supreme Court)
  • Separation of Powers
card 114
Card #114
  • concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
card 1141
Card #114
  • concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
  • Popular Sovereignty
card 115
Card #115
  • Many opposed the Constitution in 1787 because they believed it did not offer adequate protection of individual rights. The Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791, was created to correct this. The individual rights protected in the Bill of Rights include economic rights related to property, political rights related to freedom of speech and press, and personal rights related to bearing arms and maintaining private residences.
card 1151
Card #115
  • Many opposed the Constitution in 1787 because they believed it did not offer adequate protection of individual rights. The Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791, was created to correct this. The individual rights protected in the Bill of Rights include economic rights related to property, political rights related to freedom of speech and press, and personal rights related to bearing arms and maintaining private residences.
  • Individual Rights
card 116
Card #116
  • set the precedent of judicial review and gave the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional
card 1161
Card #116
  • set the precedent of judicial review and gave the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional
  • Marbury VS Madison
card 117
Card #117
  • What is the purpose of amending the Constitution?
card 1171
Card #117
  • What is the purpose of amending the Constitution?
  • The Constitution can be changed or amended when it is deemed necessary by the people to adjust to changing times and to maintain a “living” document.
card 118
Card #118
  • What is the process of amending the Constitution?
card 1181
Card #118
  • What is the process of amending the Constitution?
  • Proposal by Congress (by 2/3 vote of both houses), it then goes to the state legislatures to be ratified, must have 3/4 votes to pass
card 119
Card #119
  • Limited the power of the King (Constitution limits the power of the central government)
card 1191
Card #119
  • Limited the power of the King (Constitution limits the power of the central government)
  • Magna Carta (1215)
card 120
Card #120
  • Listed individual rights (model for the Bill of Rights in the Constitution, first 10 Amendments)
card 1201
Card #120
  • Listed individual rights (model for the Bill of Rights in the Constitution, first 10 Amendments)
  • English Bill of Rights
card 121
Card #121
  • Written by the Pilgrims in 1620, an agreement that established the idea of self-government and majority rule
card 1211
Card #121
  • Written by the Pilgrims in 1620, an agreement that established the idea of self-government and majority rule
  • Mayflower Compact
card 122
Card #122
  • Magna Carta
  • English Bill of Rights
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Federalist Papers
  • Anti-Federalist Writings
card 1221
Card #122
  • Magna Carta
  • English Bill of Rights
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Federalist Papers
  • Anti-Federalist Writings
  • HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS THAT INFLUENCED THE US SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
card 123
Card #123
  • to refuse to have dealings with, usually to express disapproval of certain conditions
card 1231
Card #123
  • to refuse to have dealings with, usually to express disapproval of certain conditions
  • boycott
card 124
Card #124
  • Declaration of Independence Year/writer?
card 1241
Card #124
  • Declaration of Independence Year/writer?
  • 1776/Thomas Jefferson
card 125
Card #125
  • Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
card 1251
Card #125
  • Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
  • Unalienable rights
card 126
Card #126
  • 1st battles of the Revolutionary War (shot heard round the world)
card 1261
Card #126
  • 1st battles of the Revolutionary War (shot heard round the world)
  • Lexington & Concord
card 127
Card #127
  • after suffering several defeats, Washington took his army to ___________for the winter of 1777, there the men were trained and became more of a professional army (rather than militias), the winter was harsh and men suffered from starvation and frostbite
card 1271
Card #127
  • after suffering several defeats, Washington took his army to ___________for the winter of 1777, there the men were trained and became more of a professional army (rather than militias), the winter was harsh and men suffered from starvation and frostbite
  • Valley Forge
card 128
Card #128
  • point of the war ; France joined the colonists after this victory, tipping the scale
card 1281
Card #128
  • point of the war ; France joined the colonists after this victory, tipping the scale
  • Battle of Saratoga
card 129
Card #129
  • surrender of Cornwallis brought end of war
card 1291
Card #129
  • surrender of Cornwallis brought end of war
  • Battle of Yorktown
card 130
Card #130
  • Independence recognized, boundaries extended to Canada in the North, the Mississippi River in the West, and Florida in the South
card 1301
Card #130
  • Independence recognized, boundaries extended to Canada in the North, the Mississippi River in the West, and Florida in the South
  • Treaty of Paris 1783